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May 11

Obesity experts on risks of Wegovy, Ozempic weight loss drugs – STAT

Amid rising demand for drugs like Wegovy, Ozempic, and Mounjaro that can lead to significant weight loss, some obesity experts are concerned about the drugs costs both to patients finances and to their health.

Speaking at a panel on new obesity treatments at the STAT Breakthrough Summit in San Francisco on Thursday, one expert cited a large clinical trial for Wegovy that showed that about 40% of the weight participants lost was lean mass. Side effects like nausea, vomiting, and a possible link to rare cases of pancreatitis also still plague this newest class of drugs, which imitate the effects of a hormone called glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP) that helps people feel full.

Thats what starvation does. You lose equal amounts of muscle and fat, said Robert Lustig, emeritus professor of pediatrics at the University of California, San Francisco. If youre a person 60 years old or over and youre losing muscle, your risk of dying just went up exponentially. So we may be robbing Peter to pay Paul.

Jamy Ard, professor of epidemiology and prevention at Wake Forest School of Medicine, was more open to using the drugs to treat some people with obesity. For patients who dont feel full because their bodies have a weaker GLP-1 response after eating, Ard also the co-director of a weight management center at Wake Forest might recommend an incretin.

Its like Ive given you a remote control that allows you to turn up the volume on the television, he said.

That said, the drugs are costly, as Ard acknowledged; Wegovy, for example, has an average net price of $13,600 per year. That means they have the potential to make existing health disparities even worse. People most affected by social determinants of obesity, such as poverty and reduced access to healthy food and spaces for physical activity, are also those least likely to have access to these treatments through health insurance or the ability to pay out of pocket.

At the same time, public discourse around these newest drugs is helping break down another major barrier to tackling obesity, Ard said a longstanding view that if you just think hard enough, if you try hard enough, then you can stay thin or you can lose weight and keep it off.

The pharmaceutical companies behind the new weight loss drugs, including Novo Nordisk and Eli Lilly, have launched campaigns to get the public to see obesity as a disease. Ard pointed to research that shows that weight issues arent a matter of lack of willpower.

The drugs represent the evolution of our learning and understanding of the physiology related to body weight regulation, said Ard, who has consulted for companies like Novo and Eli Lilly.

But Ard cautioned against over-prescribing the drugs, noting that the current frenzy over them risks being driven not by provider discretion and input but really on the social media side [by] issues that are not related to disease.

Lustig, who is also the chief medical officer of fiber supplement startup BioLumen, said that solving access issues to healthy food should be prioritized before turning to drugs as a solution. He noted that in clinical trials for drugs like Mounjaro, patient responses were compared against a placebo, but not to a group that ate different food. Reducing the amount of sugar in food, he said, could have a big impact on obesity.

Fix the food first, Lustig said. Lets see if these drugs are actually better than real food.

Read more of STATs series on The Obesity Revolution. Other parts of this series examine how pharmaceutical makers are promoting a new message about obesity; assess attempts topersonalize obesity treatment; explain the origins of a flawed weight metric, thebody mass index; and delve into the debate overnew childhood obesity guidelines.

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Obesity experts on risks of Wegovy, Ozempic weight loss drugs - STAT

May 11

Dog Dieting: Here’s how to help your lovable dog lose weight and … – The Scotsman

A survey has estimated 42 per cent of dogs are overweight and there are a range of simple lifestyle changes you can make to shed those excess doggy pounds.

The worrying numbers were revealed by pet nutrician experts, who estimate that obese dogs on average live a year less than pups of an optimum weight.

We can all be guilty of a little overindulging now and then, whether its an extra biscuit or an extra helping of dessert, but when those over indulgences lead to quite a bit of weight gain, we can put ourselves at risk of damaging our health.

Just as it is for humans, obesity in dogs is also a health risk with associated problems including, but not restricted to, arthritis, diabetes, heart problems, high blood pressure, respiratory issues, an increased risk of developing certain tumours, and a lower quality of life.

So, if you think your dog needs a little help to get back into shape, heres what you need to do.

First of all, everyone in your house needs to be on board. Its no good if only one of you is taking the diet seriously, whilst others continue to feed treats. Try creating a feeding chart so that when your dog has been fed their meals and daily treat, everyone in the house knows too. Photo: Canva/Getty Images

A good rule of thumb to remember is: treats shouldnt make up more than 10% of a dogs daily calorie intake. The occasional treat can be good for your dog when combined with training or if given for a nutritional benefit. Photo: Canva/Getty Images

If your dog is already fairly active, try changing their usual exercise routine and adding other exercises like swimming. Swimming is a great way for a dog to exercise without putting any excess stress or strain on their joints, although remember not all breeds are built to swim - the likes of Bulldogs, Pugs, French Bulldogs, and Corgis generally prefer to stay on dry land. Photo: Canva/Getty Images

When treats become too much of a regular occurrence, they can contribute to weight gain and for many dogs, its actually the attention that they appreciate more than the treat itself. So when they turn those puppy dog eyes on you, swap the usual treat for an affectionate scratch, cuddle or play time session. Photo: Canva/Getty Images

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Dog Dieting: Here's how to help your lovable dog lose weight and ... - The Scotsman

May 11

Weight Loss: Is It Possible To Lose Weight If I Have Food Allergies – Boldsky

Losing weight can be a challenge for anyone, but for those with food allergies, it can be even harder. Food allergies can limit the types of foods that can be safely consumed, making it difficult to follow a weight loss plan.

However, with careful planning, it is still possible to lose weight even if you have food allergies. So, for the question, "Is It Possible To Lose Weight If I Have Food Allergies," the answer is, YES! Now, let's take a look on how to do that here, in this article.

Note: The first thing to do is consult a doctor or a certified nutritionist who can help you figure out your allergies and map out a sustainable plan. Below, we have mentioned the steps you need to consider when planning to lose weight if you have food allergies.

The first step is to identify which foods you are allergic to and which foods you can safely eat. Once you've figured this out, it's important to create a meal plan that includes all of the safe foods.

Eating a balanced diet is key to weight loss, so make sure to include a variety of proteins, grains, fruits, and vegetables in your meals.

It's also important to watch your portion sizes. Eating smaller meals throughout the day can help you avoid overeating. Snacking can also be helpful, but choose healthy snacks like fruits and vegetables rather than processed snacks like chips or cookies.

Exercise is also an important component of weight loss. There are plenty of exercises that can be done at home or outdoors that don't require any special equipment. Even simple activities like walking, jogging, or yoga can help you burn calories and increase your metabolism.

While this is not directly related to food allergies, getting enough sleep is essential for weight loss. Aim for 7-8 hours of sleep each night to give your body time to rest and repair itself.

Allergies to certain foods can make weight loss more challenging and it may require you to make some changes to your diet, but it is possible to achieve your weight loss goals.

Losing weight while managing food allergies can be a challenge, but with the right diet and exercise plan, it is possible to reach your goal weight.

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Weight Loss: Is It Possible To Lose Weight If I Have Food Allergies - Boldsky

May 11

You Should Put These Fat-Blasting Ingredients On Your Plate Every Morning – Yahoo Life

Woman serving brunch with friends

This post has been updated since its initial publish date to include more expert insight.

Youve probably heard the common saying, Breakfast is the most important meal of the day! This is oftentimes true even if youre trying to lose weightin fact, when you incorporate the right ingredients, a healthy breakfast can be a key component in your weight loss journey.

We spoke to dietitian Caroline Susie RD, LN from The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics about the importance of a healthy breakfast and the best ingredients for weight loss. While Susie notes that nutrition is personalized, shes found that patients who eat breakfast on a regular basis are able to stay fuller throughout the day, which can help lose weight and maintain weight loss. Fueling properly throughout the day can prevent you from getting hangry and overeating, she explains. Plus, when you eat filling, heart-healthy, and metabolism-boosting ingredients for breakfast, fueling your body and losing weight becomes more delicious than ever. Susie suggests two breakfast foods you can eat every morning to lose weight: eggs and oatmeal.

Susie says eggs are one of the best breakfast foods to aid weight loss as they keep you fuller longer. "Eggs are full of key vitamins and minerals but are also high in protein which we know can help with satiety," she explains. Eggs are a high-protein food that can help your body burn fat all day.

This high-protein breakfast staple can easily be incorporated into a number of meals. Whether you like them poached, hard-boiled, scrambled, or fried, the possibilities are endless! "They are so versatile and can be a great vehicle for an extra veggie serving. Heat up and throw in last night's leftover veggies into your scrambled eggs," Susie suggests. And, who doesn't enjoy some eggs on their avocado toast? She offers another piece of advice, too: "Don't toss that yolk!" Noted!

If you want to stay fuller longer, get a solid serving of B vitamins and fiber, keep your heart healthy, and promote weight loss, few breakfast foods are better than good old oatmeal. This versatile pantry staple isn't only a delicious vehicle for so many different flavors, from sweet to savory, but it's also incredibly healthy, especially if you're trying to lose weight.

"Oats are full of B vitamins and fiber. Fiber contributes to satiety, but bonus, the fiber in oats also contributes to heart health," Susie explains. That means while the oats are working to keep you full, prevent overeating, and energize your body so it can burn more fat, they're also keeping your heart in great shape!

Susie's advice for a delicious, nutritious breakfast with oatmeal? Add peanut butter! "I like stirring in 1 tablespoon of peanut butter (healthy fat) into my oatmeal to keep me full and energized till lunch," she says. Peanut butter is also packed with fiber for quick weight loss. Yum!

While you may feel inclined to skip out on breakfast in order to lose weight, starting your day with a healthy, filling meal can be a great way to stay energized, boost your metabolism, and prevent overeating. All of this will bring you closer to your weight loss goals. "When you don't feel deprived or starving, you tend to be in more control of food choices and portion sizes," Susie says. So, next time you wake up unsure of what to eat for breakfast, take Susie's advice and opt for a delicious bowl of oatmeal, a plate of eggs, or both!

You Should Put These Fat-Blasting Ingredients On Your Plate Every Morning - Yahoo Life

May 11

Water Weight: What It Is And How To Lose It – Forbes

If youre a healthy, active individual experiencing unwanted water weight gain, there are a few ways to go about losing it safely once your health care provider clears you of any potentially problematic causes of fluid retention.

It may seem counterintuitive to drink more water when increased water weight is an issue, but drinking water actually helps the kidneys regulate the overall concentration of water and sodium in the body.

[When the body is] hydrated, the kidneys are less likely to retain sodium in the body and excess fluid is eventually discarded in urine, explains Dr. Gogia. When youre dehydrated, your body tries to restore its balance by retaining water, leading to bloating and water weight gain, according to Gogia.

Another way to manage water retention is to cut back on high-sodium and high-sugar foods and focus instead on eating fresh vegetables, unsalted nuts and seeds, says Dr. Gogia.

Salt intake tends to have a direct effect on fluid retention in the body. In fact, research in the Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism explains that salty foods increase both thirst and fluid intake without increasing urine volume. Therefore, that extra fluid is held in the body instead of excreted, adding extra pounds of water weight to what you see on the scale.

Some research links poor sleep efficiency to unhealthy food cravings, including energy-dense, potentially sodium-laden foods, which can cause water retention.

On the other hand, proper sleep helps manage several stress hormones that play a role in regulating fluid balance. Research suggests that the bodys natural circadian rhythm activates specific signals during the night that trigger the release of vasopressin, a hormone that promotes water retention specifically to prevent dehydration during the night and nocturia (waking to urinate). When the body releases an appropriate amount of vasopressin, its water retention effects are short-lived, benefiting ones sleep cycle and leading to minimal residual bloating upon waking.

While you sleep, your body is laying flat, and excess fluid that pooled in your legs or other gravity-dependent areas during the day is typically reabsorbed into the vessels at night, adds Dr. Gogia. Interrupted or shortened sleep can interfere with this process, leaving you with fluid imbalance and potential water retention.

Caffeine is a diuretic, and consuming too much of the stimulant can lead to dehydration, according to Dr. Vinton, who recommends cutting back on caffeine if water weight gain is a concern. Consider limiting coffee consumption to the morning and monitoring other sources of caffeine in your diet, such as energy drinks, teas and chocolate.

Moderate exercise and the movement of muscles can help shift fluid from the tissues back into the vessels, suggests Dr. Gogia. Exercise also naturally increases the bodys demand for water as you sweat. Staying hydrated and exercising regularly can help balance fluids in the body and reduce water weight gain that might occur as a result of a sedentary lifestyle.

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Water Weight: What It Is And How To Lose It - Forbes

May 3

Ozempic Vs Wegovy Differences for Weight Loss, Cost and Safety … – The Daily Collegian Online

Semaglutide is arguably the most talked about injectable drug in 2023. It is better known by two brand names, Ozempic and Wegovy. We will compare the differences between Ozempic and Wegovy for weight loss, cost and safety.

Although both injectable weight loss medications are effective they do have some rather prohibitive negatives.

The weight loss drugs are expensive and have a high price tag costing around $1000 a month, both can cause some nasty side effects and they are not available or accessible to all.

Another negative that is often leveled at Wegovy and Ozempic is that once you stop taking all the lost weight is regained?

For these reasons there are some natural weight loss supplements that have found their place in the market. They offer a safer, cheaper and more permanent weight loss solution.

These are the two over the counter diet supplements that are often positioned as alternatives to weight loss injections.

CLICK to view PhenQ price and availability

PhenQ is a natural weight loss supplement designed to assist men and women in their weight loss journey by combining multiple benefits in one product. It claims to act as a fat burner, appetite suppressant, and fat blocker, helping individuals lose weight safely and effectively.

PhenQ's formula contains natural ingredients such as -Lacys Reset, which is believed to boost metabolism and increase the body's fat-burning capabilities.

Capsimax powder, a blend of capsicum, piperine, caffeine, and niacin, may further enhance thermogenesis, promoting calorie burning. Chromium picolinate, a trace mineral, is included to help regulate blood sugar levels and reduce cravings.

Nopal, a fiber-rich cactus extract, aids in suppressing appetite by promoting a feeling of fullness, while L-carnitine fumarate, an amino acid, supports energy production by converting stored fat into usable energy. This helps counteract the fatigue often experienced during weight loss efforts.

CLICK to view PhenQ price and availability

Zotrim is a natural dietary supplement designed to aid weight loss by acting as an appetite suppressant and promoting feelings of fullness. Its formula consists of a blend of herbal extracts and natural ingredients, including Yerba Mate, Guarana, and Damiana, which work synergistically to help control hunger and reduce food intake.

Yerba Mate is rich in antioxidants and nutrients that boost energy levels and metabolism, helping the body burn calories more efficiently.

Guarana, a natural source of caffeine, further enhances metabolism and provides a gentle energy boost. Damiana is believed to have mood-enhancing properties, which can help curb emotional eating.

By suppressing appetite and reducing the urge to snack or overeat, Zotrim aims to make it easier for individuals to stick to a calorie-controlled diet.

To achieve optimal weight loss results, it is essential to combine Zotrim with a balanced diet, healthy food choices and regular physical activity. It is crucial to consult a healthcare professional before starting any weight loss supplement to ensure it is suitable for individual needs and health conditions.

Must Read: Which is the best diabetes drug for weight loss?

Type 2 diabetes and obesity or being overweight have a complex, interrelated relationship. Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar levels due to the body's inability to use insulin effectively, also known as insulin resistance.

Obesity is defined as having an excessive amount of body fat and a high Body Mass Index (BMI), while being overweight refers to having more body weight than what is considered healthy for a given height.

There is a strong correlation between obesity and the development of type 2 diabetes. This is mainly due to the fact that excess body fat, particularly visceral fat (fat stored around the organs), has been shown to increase insulin resistance.

When a person is obese or overweight, their body requires more insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels. Over time, the increased demand for insulin can lead to the pancreas becoming overworked and losing its ability to produce sufficient amounts of insulin. This can result in the development of type 2 diabetes.

This is where Ozempic and Wegovy are often positioned - to reduce body weight, support metabolic health, and aid glycemic control.

Obesity can also cause inflammation, which is believed to contribute to insulin resistance. The accumulation of fat in the body releases pro-inflammatory molecules called cytokines. These cytokines can impair the normal function of insulin receptors on the surface of cells, further exacerbating insulin resistance and increasing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

Therefore, someone who is obese is more likely to suffer from or develop type 2 diabetes due to the increased insulin resistance and inflammation associated with excess body fat.

However, it is important to note that not all obese or overweight individuals will develop cardiovascular complications from type 2 diabetes, as genetic predisposition, lifestyle factors, and other health conditions also play a role in determining an individual's risk for cardiovascular disease.

Weight loss and adopting a healthier lifestyle, including a balanced diet and regular physical activity, can significantly reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes for those who are overweight or obese. For individuals already diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, losing weight and improving overall health can help manage the condition and prevent or delay diabetes-related complications.

Ozempic is a brand name for the injectable medication semaglutide, developed by Novo Nordisk. It is used to treat type 2 diabetes in adults, alongside diet and exercise, as a part of a comprehensive diabetes management plan. Ozempic is a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist, which means it mimics the functions of the naturally occurring hormone GLP-1 in the body.

GLP-1 is an incretin hormone that plays a crucial role in regulating blood sugar levels. It stimulates the secretion of insulin by pancreatic beta cells when blood sugar levels are elevated, slows down gastric emptying, and reduces the production of glucose by the liver. Additionally, GLP-1 promotes satiety, which helps control appetite and reduces food intake.

Ozempic works by mimicking the effects of GLP-1, thereby enhancing its positive impact on blood sugar regulation. It helps increase insulin secretion in response to elevated blood sugar levels, slows down the digestion process to reduce glucose absorption, and decreases the liver's glucose production to lower blood sugar levels.

Ozempic can improve blood sugar levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Moreover, its appetite-suppressing effect can aid in weight loss, which is beneficial for those who are overweight or obese and managing type 2 diabetes.

It is important to note that Ozempic is not a substitute for insulin and should not be used to treat type 1 diabetes or diabetic ketoacidosis.

Wegovy is another brand name for semaglutide, also a medication developed by Novo Nordisk, specifically designed to promote weight loss and approved for weight management in adults who are overweight or obese and have weight-related health issues.

While semaglutide is also used to treat type 2 diabetes under the brand name Ozempic, Wegovy has been formulated with a focus on weight loss. There are many Wegovy reviews that give a balanced opinion of its pros and cons.

Wegovy is a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonist, which means it mimics the actions of the naturally occurring hormone GLP-1 in the body. GLP-1 is an incretin hormone that plays a significant role in blood sugar regulation and appetite control.

The primary mechanism of action for Wegovy is its ability to activate GLP-1 receptors, leading to increased feelings of fullness and satiety. This, in turn, helps reduce food intake and promotes weight loss.

Wegovy also slows down gastric emptying, which means the rate at which food leaves the stomach is reduced, resulting in a more gradual release of nutrients into the bloodstream. This can contribute to improved blood sugar control and potentially aid in managing type 2 diabetes for those who are overweight or obese.

Wegovy is administered as a once-weekly subcutaneous injection and should be used in combination with a reduced-calorie diet and increased physical activity for optimal weight management results. It is important to note that Wegovy is not indicated for the treatment of type 2 diabetes or as a substitute for insulin in patients with diabetes.

Latest News: Mounjaro for weight loss - twice as effective as other drugs

Wegovy and Ozempic are essentially the same drug both contain the same active ingredient, semaglutide, but they are FDA approved for different indications. Ozempic is primarily used to treat type 2 diabetes, while Wegovy is used for chronic weight management in adults who are overweight or obese with weight-related health issues.

The doses are one point of differentiation. Self-injection under the skin with 0.5 mg, 1.0 mg, or 2.0 mg of Ozempic is how the medication is administered.

The same administration method is used for Wegovy, and a full dose is 2.4 milligrams. Because both come in prefilled pens or syringes, there is no chance of accidentally taking too much or too little of the medication.

Since both medications contain semaglutide, their safety profiles are similar. The most common side effects associated with semaglutide include gastrointestinal issues such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, high blood pressure and abdominal pain. These side effects are generally mild to moderate in severity and tend to decrease over time as the body adjusts to the medication.

It is important to note that the safety of Ozempic and Wegovy should be considered in the context of their intended use. For patients with type 2 diabetes, Ozempic is the appropriate choice, as it has been specifically developed and approved for managing their high cholesterol, blood pressure and sugar levels. On the other hand, for individuals who need assistance to lose weight, Wegovy would be the suitable option.

In both cases, the safety and effectiveness of the medication should be evaluated and monitored by a healthcare professional. They will consider the patient's medical history, current health status, and other medications they are taking to determine the most appropriate treatment option.

There have also been links to thyroid cancer with Semaglutide use.

It is not a matter of which medication is "safer" in general, but rather which one is the most appropriate for a specific patient's needs and health conditions. It is essential to consult with a healthcare professional to determine the best course of action for each individual case.

Ozempic (semaglutide) and Wegovy (semaglutide) are essentially the same active ingredient, but they have been approved for different indications. Ozempic is used for treating type 2 diabetes, while Wegovy is used for weight management in adults who are overweight or obese with weight-related health issues.

Both Ozempic and Wegovy may have drug interactions, which can affect their efficacy and safety. Some potential drug interactions with Wegovy and Ozempic include:

It is crucial to inform your healthcare provider about all the medications, supplements, and over-the-counter drugs you are taking before starting treatment with Ozempic or Wegovy. The healthcare provider can then assess potential drug interactions and make appropriate recommendations to ensure the safe and effective use of these medications.

Ozempic and Wegovy both contain the active ingredient semaglutide, but they are approved for different indications. Ozempic is primarily used to treat type 2 diabetes, while Wegovy is specifically approved for weight management in adults who are overweight or obese with weight-related health issues.

When considering weight loss as the primary goal, Wegovy would be the more appropriate choice. Wegovy has been developed and tested specifically for weight management, with clinical trials showing significant weight loss results in comparison to placebo.

The weight loss effects of Wegovy are more pronounced than those observed with Ozempic, as Wegovy is formulated at a higher dose to maximize its impact on weight loss.

However, it is crucial for overweight patients to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any weight loss medication, including injectable drugs like Wegovy. The healthcare provider will assess the patient's medical history, current health status, and other medications they are taking to determine the most appropriate treatment option.

In summary, for individuals whose primary goal is weight loss, Wegovy is likely the better option compared to Ozempic. Nonetheless, it is essential to discuss the choice with a healthcare professional to ensure the medication is suitable for the patient's specific needs and health conditions.

In most cases, Medicare and commercial insurance companies will not pay for weight loss medications that require a prescription from a doctor. On the other hand, there are several plans that might help cover the expense of these medications. The cost of having insurance coverage depends on the plan that you choose.

With proper prior authorization, certain insurance policies might help cover the cost of Wegovy in certain instances. It is more likely that Medicare and commercial insurance plans will cover Ozempic for the treatment of type 2 diabetes than they would cover Wegovy for weight loss.

If you do not have health insurance, the typical retail price of these medications might be quite costly.

When compared, the price of a one-month supply of Wegovy is approximately $1,500, but the price of a one-month supply of Ozempic can reach up to almost $1,000. It's possible that a coupon for SingleCare, Wegovy, or Ozempic might cut your retail expenditures by several hundred dollars.

Both Ozempic (semaglutide) and Wegovy (semaglutide) have the same active component, Semaglutide; however, regulatory approval has been granted for each drug to treat a different condition.

Wegovy is used for chronic weight management in adults who are overweight or obese with weight-related conditions, whereas Ozempic is utilized for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

The cost of Wegovy and Ozempic is comparable - and so are the side effects.

If your main concern is weight loss choose Wegovy, if you need to control blood sugar or have diabetes then Ozempic is the drug to use.

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Ozempic Vs Wegovy Differences for Weight Loss, Cost and Safety ... - The Daily Collegian Online

May 3

Ozempic helped Elon Musk lose weight but how safe is it? Doctors weigh in – DailyO

Ozempic, a prescription drug that is used to treat Type 2 Diabetes in adults has been gaining popularity onsocial media as a quick waytolose weight.Celebrities and TikTok influencers (who are non-diabetic) are resorting to this medicationtoinduce weight lossin a short duration of time.

Elon Musk has been quite supportive of the drug.

These are some of the common side-effects of Ozempicwhen it's consumed for blood sugar control:

Dr Sundeep Khandelwal, a physician based in Delhi-NCR, told dailyO that Ozempic or any other diabetic drug that leads to fat loss should only be taken when a doctor prescribes this drug.

"Ozempic or semiglutide drugs are specially recommended for diabetic patients who suffer fromobesity. Although, such drugs are good in treating diabetes they have severe side-effects as well," he said.

Would you ever want to resort to such kind of way to lose or manage your weight?

ALSO READ:Ozempic, a weight-loss drug, makes you hate food. Elon Musk seems impressed by it

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Ozempic helped Elon Musk lose weight but how safe is it? Doctors weigh in - DailyO

May 3

‘Lose weight now with a new miracle drug!’ Why people fall for clickbait and fake news –

This article has been reviewed according to ScienceX's editorial process and policies. Editors have highlighted the following attributes while ensuring the content's credibility:


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Ever clicked on a link because of a sensationalist headline or image? Or worse, shared it on social media without even reading it? If so, you've fallen victim to what's known as clickbait, and you're probably not alone.

"Humans are the weak link in online safety," said Esma Ameur, a professor in Universit de Montral's Department of Computer Science and Operations Research.

Ameur, a specialist in computer security and artificial intelligence, recently published a review of recent research on fake news, disinformation and misinformation on social media in the journal Social Network Analysis and Mining.

In it, she examines the many varieties of fake news: from clickbait, considered the least serious, to conspiracy theories, which can be much more dangerous. Other types include satire, which uses misinformation to ridicule; hoaxes, which are false or intentionally fabricated news stories; propaganda, which is information of a biased nature created by political entities; and rumors, which are ambiguous and unconfirmed claims.

"It's important to know about the types of fake news so you can be on guard and recognize them on social media," said Ameur.

That is the crux of her message: the only way to fight online disinformation is public education, awareness and vigilance.

Ameur believes that lack of user awareness is responsible for the proliferation of fake news and disinformation on social media.

"Recent stats show that the majority of fake news disseminated on social media is unintentional," she noted. "There are five times as many people sharing fake news with no intent to mislead others versus people who do so intentionally. And the percentage of people who say they have confidence in their ability to detect fake information is 10 times higher than the percentage who do not."

In short, users share fake content without realizing it and are convinced of its veracity. Thus, the problem lies not so much in people's bad intentions as in their lack of critical thinking.

To overcome it, Ameur advocates teaching children to critically assess the information they read online starting in primary school and to continue raising awareness among users of all ages.

"The ordinary citizen is capable of detecting fake news," she said. "But only if they're educated, stay alert and know they can't believe everything they read or hear. If you're going to use a powerful tool like social media, you need to be aware of its risks. A one-hour workshop on information security doesn't cut it; it has to be integrated into the school curriculum at all levels."

The same applies to the conversation robot ChatGPT, which sometimes gives wrong answers and even "hallucinates." Everything we read must be taken a grain of saltand a dose of critical thinking.

Ameur stressed the importance of checking the source of a piece of information. There are a number of warning signs that it may be untrustworthy, including spelling errors, non-secure web addresses, recently created websites and, in the case of an email, an urgent or insistent tone.

Identifying fake news remains a challenge. Apart from a sharpened critical sense, what tools do we have?

According to Ameur, AI technologies such as machine learning and deep learning are not yet up to the task.

In fact, these technologies can actually be used to create and disseminate fake content. A notable example is the deepfake, in which a person's face or body is digitally altered to make them resemble someone else. Another is the use of so-called collaborative filtering algorithms, which predict what content users like to see based on the preferences of other users with similar interests. This creates an information bubble in which users are only presented content that confirms their beliefs and viewpoints.

On a positive note, Ameur pointed to some online resources that people can use to separate fact from fiction in what they read online. For example, websites like FactCheck, PolitiFact and Snopes regularly check and rate the factual accuracy of stories circulating online. The browser extension NewsGuard gives a trustworthiness score for the websites you consult. Google's reverse image search function and TinEye can be used to trace the source of an image, and LinkedIn to check an author's professional credentials.

"Fake news can fuel fears, reinforce biases, sow confusion, incite hatred and discrimination, and erode the public's confidence in democracy," said Ameur. "We need to put our efforts into prevention and to educating people. If we don't act now, we're heading for a brick wall."

More information: Esma Ameur et al, Fake news, disinformation and misinformation in social media: a review, Social Network Analysis and Mining (2023). DOI: 10.1007/s13278-023-01028-5

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'Lose weight now with a new miracle drug!' Why people fall for clickbait and fake news -

May 3

Skipping meals and taking diet pills won’t help you lose weight … – Study Finds

COLUMBUS, Ohio There are plenty of different methods people use to lose weight, but not all of them work as well as you might think especially if youre not staying physically active. A new study finds that strategies like skipping meals and taking diet pills fail to significantly shed excess weight. Moreover, a team from The Ohio State University says these shortcut weight loss solutions arent helping to prevent another problem connected to obesity heart disease.

Heart disease remains the leading cause of the death in the United States, and American adults still have ways to go as far as following measures for prevention and optimal health. While its easy to associate better health with losing weight by any means necessary, the new study says theres more to the story.

In this study, researchers analyzed data from over 20,000 adults and compared weight loss strategies and results. They used the American Heart Associations Lifes Essential 8, a heart disease reduction checklist providing optimal recommendations for body weight, blood pressure, cholesterol, blood sugar, smoking, physical activity, diet, and sleep, as a tool for analysis.

The Lifes Essential 8 is a valuable tool that provides the core components for cardiovascular health, many of which are modifiable through behavior change, says senior study author Colleen Spees, associate professor ofmedical dieteticsin theSchool of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences at Ohio State, in a university release.

The team found that U.S. adults scored an average of 60 percent on these eight healthy measures, which suggests that theres a long road ahead as far as improving lifestyle habits such as diet and exercise.

Based on the findings in this study, we have a lot of work to do as a country, adds Spees. Even though there were significant differences on several parameters between the groups, the fact remains that as a whole, adults in this country are not adopting the Lifes Essential 8 behaviors that are directly correlated with heart health.

The team also found that 17,435 out of the 20,305 adult participants maintained or gained weight over the past year. The remaining participants reported an intentional loss of at least five percent of their body weight.

Clinically significant weight loss results in improvements in some health indices, explains Spees. People should feel hopeful in knowing that losing just 5% of their body weight is meaningful in terms of clinical improvements. This is not a huge weight loss. Its achievable for most, and I would hope that incentives people instead of being paralyzed with a fear of failure.

Those that had clinically significant weight loss reported having an overall higher quality diet, as measured by eating sufficient protein, keeping refined grains and added sugar to a minimum, engaging in moderate and vigorous physical activity, and having lower LDL cholesterol. However, the weight loss group also had a higher average body mass index and overall blood sugar, as well as fewer hours of sleep, which brought down their Lifes Essential 8 score.

Interestingly, those that didnt make the cut for clinically significant weight loss often reported skipping meals and taking diet pills in an effort to shed the pounds. Some even reported following low-carb and liquid diets, taking laxatives or vomiting, and smoking.

We saw that people are still gravitating to non-evidence-based approaches for weight loss, which are not sustainable. What is sustainable is changing behaviors and eating patterns, says Spees.

Given these results, Spees urges for an effort that shifts to prevention rather than picking up the pieces after heart disease happens.

We absolutely need to be moving toward prevention of disease versus waiting until people are diagnosed with a disease. This becomes quite overwhelming, and individuals may feel its too late at that point, the researcher explains.

We have fantastic research, we have incredible educators, Spees concludes. What we dont have is policy that promotes optimal health across the lifespan, from pregnancy through older adulthood.

The findings are published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

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Skipping meals and taking diet pills won't help you lose weight ... - Study Finds

May 3

Weight Loss Tips: 6 Possible Causes Of Weight Loss Plateau And Ways To Overcome Them – NDTV

Weight loss tips: Increasing your workout's intensity can help overcome weight loss plateau

You are following the right diet and exercising well but still not losing any weight. Well, many face this issue when on a weight loss program. When you are doing everything right and still not losing any weight, it means you have reached a weight loss plateau. It can be a frustrating situation but you can effectively manage a weight loss plateau. A few changes in your diet, meal timing, the intensity of your exercise and a few more modifications here and there can help overcome a weight loss plateau. But first, you need to identify the reason behind the weight loss plateau. To help you reach your desired body weight, here's a list of possible reasons behind a weight loss plateau.

In a recent Instagram post, nutritionist Nmami Agarwal shared a list of factors which can contribute to a weight loss plateau. Let's take a look at her list.

The nutritionist says that you might have reached equilibrium which means your calorie intake is equal to the calorie burnt.

Quality and quantity of sleep matter when trying to lose weight. Sleep affects your weight loss process in several ways. Improper sleep is another reason why you are not losing weight on the scale.

Nmami explained that when you do strength training you may lose inches but not lose weight. Also, you gain muscle mass. But she says that's absolutely okay and healthy.

Uncontrolled stress also influences your hormones which can affect your body weight. Therefore, stress management is a crucial part of your weight loss journey.

The nutritionist said, "Sometimes, your body goes in a protective mode where it wants to keep the little fat." Therefore, give your body some time.

Your body gets used to the workout regime. So, you might have to change the intensity or the duration of the workout.

If you are struggling too, follow these tips and see effective results.

Disclaimer: This content including advice provides generic information only. It is in no way a substitute for a qualified medical opinion. Always consult a specialist or your own doctor for more information. NDTV does not claim responsibility for this information.

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