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Mar 27

Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market: Rise in Geriatric Population with High Risk of Testosterone Deficiency Boost Market Growth – BioSpace

Transparency Market Research (TMR)has published a new report titled, Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast, 20192027.According to the report, the globalTestosterone Replacement Therapy marketwas valued atUS$ 1,613.7 Mnin2018and is projected to expand at a CAGR of4.4%from2019to2027.


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Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market: Rise in Geriatric Population with High Risk of Testosterone Deficiency Boost Market Growth - BioSpace

Mar 27

Advanced Age Management Offer Testosterone Replacement Therapy – The News Front

Advanced Age Management offers Testosterone Replacement Therapy. This mens clinic is located near Cleveland, OH, and it gives men the perfect solution if they are feeling sluggish, low energy, gaining weight, or they have a decreased sex drive. Advanced Age Management says if youre over the age of 35, you could have low testosterone, and this is normal as you get older, but you will start to notice issues more and more as you age.

This mens clinic in Cleveland, OH, says it is due to a condition called Hypergonadism, yet, they want to reassure individuals who may be concerned and worried that their testosterone production level is low, that is why they are now offering testosterone replacement therapy in their clinic. If you are suffering from one of the issues mentioned above, definitely consider scheduling an appointment with your doctor and get your testosterone levels checked. Contact Advanced Age Management, and they will advise you on your next step and get you in for a free testosterone assessment.

At Advanced Age Management, their goal is to help men build up their testosterone levels by testing testosterone levels and creating a treatment plan to get the testosterone levels back to an appropriate level so that each individual does not have to suffer anymore and can carry on with their life. This is all done through the testosterone replacement therapy at their mens clinic.

It would be best if you got in touch with Dr. John Kocka at Advanced Age Management, a low testosterone expert who carries out a series of assessments and testosterone replacement therapy for men and women in and around Cleveland Ohio. According to Advanced Age Management, the cost of the testosterone replacement therapy varies from each patient to the next, as each person will require a different treatment plan. You can, however, schedule a free consultation and also review your financial information with Dr. John Kocka once you get in touch.

Advanced Age Management emphasizes that the therapy offered to men is only for those with testosterone deficiencies, which is why this mens clinic is the best to consult with if you have found out that you have low testosterone. If needed, Dr.Kocka can offer you a same-day consultation.

If you have been given the go-ahead for testosterone replacement therapy, Advanced Age Management assures you that there are many benefits of testosterone treatment. There is evidence to suggest the therapy can improve your cardiovascular health by removing cholesterol from your arteries, a common issue that many men suffer with as they get older.

The mens clinic in Cleveland, OH, assists men for other hormone treatments as well, such as DHEA, cortisol, thyroid, natural growth hormone, insulin, and more.

Contact Advanced Age Management today at (330) 439-6591 and schedule your free consultation with one of their low testosterone doctors. This mens clinic is offering you the chance to increase your testosterone levels and, in turn, improve your health and overall well-being. At Advanced Age Management, the doctors use injection therapy for men who need more testosterone production. You can read more about low testosterone and the testosterone replacement therapy on their website at


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Advanced Age Management Offer Testosterone Replacement Therapy - The News Front

Mar 27

Keidel: Baseball Is Our Bedrock In This Rocky World – WFAN

If life is a road, then we look for exciting or comforting mile markers every year.

Here, in the Big Apple, we circle baseball's opening day as a portal into April, when spring waves its wand over the Northeast, when we can put the cold, snow, and slush in our rearview mirror. Instead of scowling at trucks plowing a wall of muck against your car, you see trees popping with flora. Instead of grim forecasts of frigid weather, you pour over projected starters, run lines, or fantasy lineups. Instead of heavy coats and wool hats, you're ready for baseball caps and leather gloves.

Today was supposed to be that day, the first day of baseball, when we put down shovels and picked up bats, when the monotone of the weatherman is replaced by the wisdom of Keith Hernandez or Ron Darling or David Cone, breaking down balls and strikes, batters and pitchers, for the next six months.

If we are creatures of routine, then there's nothing routine about the sports landscape in general, or Major League Baseball in particular. Right now, the owners and players are trying to hammer out a truncated 2020 season, with the bell for opening day to ring in June. They are working on the granular details of games played, games paid, and service time.

You don't care how the money you spend is chopped up by the bean counters of MLB. You're not versed in the nuance of labor talks. Why should you be? Our deal with baseball is they keep us entertained through the scalding days of summer, and that for over a century they have provided us a peek into the sunny, verdant days after rotten winters.

The Final Four was a good milepost, a bridge between the frost and the fresh smells of outdoor food vendors. The Masters was another segue into spring. They're gone, choked out by COVID-19. Even baseball, which has been immune to wars and storms, has had to play matador to the virus.

Certain highbrow types don't see the value in sports. They are inessential and tangential to real life. They are, to quote a line from Annie Hall, a bunch of pituitary cases stuffing.a ball through a hoop. It may be a basketball reference, but it speaks to the overall view of some that sports are low-rent entertainment spawned by too much testosterone. They are to be pitied.

We want, we need our pastime. Especially here, in New York City, where baseball still has one of its final footholds. We want to sing the campy ballads. We want the sweet sounds of a bat cracking a ball, or a fastball pounding a catcher's mitt. We want to see dirt fly while someone dives for a ground ball, leaps, and flings to first base, the ball popping in the glove a nanosecond before the runner's toes tap the bag. We want the sweet smells of hot dogs and mustard and popcorn and, yes, even the bitter smell of spilled beer.

We want to know if Jacob deGrom can win a third-straight Cy Young. We want to see if Pete Alonso was a one-hit wonder or a sophomore superstar. We want to watch Gerrit Cole throw gas past batters in the Bronx. We want Aaron Judge to get healthy and hearty enough to reclaim his crown as Gotham's best baseball player.

Some of us have taken baseball for granted.I have. I jumped on the NFL's broad back and rode it for the last 20 years, often at the expense of MLB. If the Yankees or Mets aren't in the playoffs, my small brain embraces football. I joined the crowd that crowed baseball has too many games. Get it back to 154, the number played by the Boys of Summer. We should be shaving, not adding, the number of teams that qualify for October.

Right now, I'd take all of those arguments and concede them. There's no such thing as too much baseball. This proposed June start jars our ancient sensibilities. Baseball is our bedrock in this rocky world.

There will be certain signs or stats intended to tell us that we are close to whipping this tornadic virus that's been tearing through us.They talk about masks and gloves and sanitizer and ventilators, about flattening curves. We'll know we're OKwhen Alonso or Judge flattens a curveball, sending it soaring into the stands. It will mean baseball is back. Follow Jason on Twitter: @JasonKeidel


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Keidel: Baseball Is Our Bedrock In This Rocky World - WFAN

Mar 27

Androgen receptor stops tumor growth in the most common form of breast cancer – Newswise

WASHINGTONResearchers say they have found a viable new therapeutic strategy for estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer, even cancers that are resistant to current standard of care treatments. Their new preclinical study was accepted for presentation at ENDO 2020, the Endocrine Societys annual meeting, and publication in a special supplemental section of the Journal of the Endocrine Society.

In various models of ER+ breast cancer, the most common form (about 75% of cases) of breast cancer, the researchers found that activating the androgen receptor decreased tumor growth, said Wayne Tilley, Ph.D., the studys principal investigator and a professor at the University of Adelaide in Australia. The androgen receptor is a protein in cells in men and women to which testosterone and other male reproductive hormones called androgens bind to elicit their effects, he explained. Importantly, androgens are found in women as well as men.

There is a prevailing assumption that the androgen receptor promotes malignancy in breast cancer, as it does in prostate cancer, Tilley said. Our study demonstrates that this is not the case for ER-driven breast cancer. Rather, the androgen receptor acts as a tumor suppressor.

ER+ breast cancer needs new drug treatments because as many as 35% of women with this type eventually become resistant to current hormone therapies, Tilley said. He noted that androgen receptor-stimulating drugs are under investigation for various diseases. The researchers tested one of these drugs, enobosarm, from a drug class called selective androgen receptor modulators, or SARMs, in models of ER+ breast cancer. These studies used ER+ breast cancer cell lines that are commercially available as well as tissues taken from breast cancer patients, including those resistant to current therapies. Some cell lines and human tissues were grown in culture dishes, and other cell lines and patient tumors were transplanted into mice to create patient-derived models.

In all models, the researchers found evidence that stimulating androgen receptor activity with enobosarm stopped tumor growth. From the different breast cancer models, they derived a gene signature of androgen receptor activity, which predicted cancer survival in participants in large studies of ER+ breast cancer. This androgen receptor signature outperformed other breast cancer prognostic signatures, he said.

When the investigators treated ER+ breast cancer tissues with enobosarm combined with current standard of care breast cancer drugs such as tamoxifen that target the estrogen receptor, Tilley said they observed better reduction in tumor growth than with the standard drug alone. Enobosarm is nonsteroidal and, according to Tilley, other researchers have found it to be safe in patients. Importantly, it does not cause women to develop male characteristics.

Treatment of ER+ breast cancer with an androgen receptor activator drug could be immediately tested in women, Tilley said.

This study received funding from the National Health and Medical Research Council and the National Breast Cancer Foundation, both in Australia. Tilley reported receiving a research grant from the maker of enobosarm, GTx Inc., now Oncternal Therapeutics.

The Endocrine Society canceled its annual meeting, ENDO 2020, amid concerns about COVID-19. Visit our online newsroom for more information on accepted abstracts, which will be published in a special supplemental section of the Journal of the Endocrine Society.

# # #

Endocrinologists are at the core of solving the most pressing health problems of our time, from diabetes and obesity to infertility, bone health, and hormone-related cancers. The Endocrine Society is the worlds oldest and largest organization of scientists devoted to hormone research and physicians who care for people with hormone-related conditions.

The Society has more than 18,000 members, including scientists, physicians, educators, nurses and students in 122 countries. To learn more about the Society and the field of endocrinology, visit our site at Follow us on Twitter at @TheEndoSociety and @EndoMedia.

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Androgen receptor stops tumor growth in the most common form of breast cancer - Newswise

Mar 27

Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market All Set to Achieve Higher Revenues Global Forecast 2027 | Endo Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Eli Lilly and Company,…

Coherent Market Insights Analytics recently introduced Global Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market study with in-depth overview, describing about the Product / Industry Scope and elaborates market outlook and status to 2027. Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market explores effective study on varied sections of Industry like opportunities, size, growth, technology, demand and trend of high leading players. It also provides market key statistics on the status of manufacturers, a valuable source of guidance, direction for companies and individuals interested in the industry.

Few Notable Key Players Names In The Market For Testosterone Replacement Therapy: AbbVie, Inc., Bayer AG, Endo Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Eli Lilly and Company, Kyowa Kirin International plc, Pfizer, Inc., Acerus Pharmaceuticals Corporation, and Perrigo Company plc.

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This research is categorized differently considering the various aspects of this market. It also evaluates the current situation and the future of the market by using the forecast horizon. The forecast is analyzed based on the volume and revenue of this market. The tools used for analyzing the Global Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market research report include SWOT analysis.

The regional analysis of Global Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market is considered for the key regions such as Asia Pacific, North America, Europe, Latin America and Rest of the World. North America is the leading region across the world. Whereas, owing to rising no. of research activities in countries such as China, India, and Japan, Asia Pacific region is also expected to exhibit higher growth rate the forecast period 2020-2027.

Highlights of the report:

o A complete backdrop analysis, which includes an assessment of the parent market

o Important changes in market dynamics

o Market segmentation up to the second or third level

o Historical, current, and projected size of the market from the standpoint of both value and volume

o Reporting and evaluation of recent industry developments

o Market shares and strategies of key players

o Emerging niche segments and regional markets

An objective assessment of the trajectory of the market

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Chapter 3: Displaying the Market Dynamics- Drivers, Trends and Challenges of the Testosterone Replacement Therapy

Chapter 4: Presenting the Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market Factor Analysis Porters Five Forces, Supply/Value Chain, PESTEL analysis, Market Entropy, Patent/Trademark Analysis.

Chapter 5: Displaying the by Type, End User and Region 2013-2018

Chapter 6: Evaluating the leading manufacturers of the Testosterone Replacement Therapy market which consists of its Competitive Landscape, Peer Group Analysis, BCG Matrix & Company Profile

Chapter 7: To evaluate the market by segments, by countries and by manufacturers with revenue share and sales by key countries in these various regions.

Chapter 8 & 9: Displaying the Appendix, Methodology and Data Source, finally, Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market is a valuable source of guidance for individuals and companies.

Key questions answered

1. Who are the Leading key players and what are their Key Business plans in the Global Testosterone Replacement Therapy market?

2. What are the key concerns of the five forces analysis of the Global Testosterone Replacement Therapy market?

3. What are different prospects and threats faced by the dealers in the Global Testosterone Replacement Therapy market?

4. What are the strengths and weaknesses of the key vendors?

Definitively, this report will give you an unmistakable perspective on every single reality of the market without a need to allude to some other research report or an information source. Our report will give all of you the realities about the past, present, and eventual fate of the concerned Market.

Thanks for reading this article, we can also provide customized report as per companys specific needs. You can also get separate chapter wise or region wise report versions including North America, Europe or Asia.

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Testosterone Replacement Therapy Market All Set to Achieve Higher Revenues Global Forecast 2027 | Endo Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Eli Lilly and Company,...

Mar 27

Trump admin supports girl athletes forced to compete with boys who say theyre female – Lifesite

March 25, 2020 (LifeSiteNews) The Trump administration has formally weighed in on the side of Selina Soule, Alanna Smith, and Chelsea Mitchell, the Connecticut high school athletes suing for the right to compete and be judged against only members of their ownsex.

The girls are suing the Connecticut Interscholastic Athletic Conference (CIAC) for allowing gender-confused boys to compete againstfemales, unjustly impairing their ability to earn not only competitive recognition, but also scholarships for their hard work. Soule has also filed a complaint on the matter with the U.S. Department of Educations Office for Civil Rights (OCR), which is still pending.

On Tuesday, U.S. attorney general William Barr signed a statement of interest on the matter, formally asserting the administrations stance that CIACs policyviolates federal Title IX rules that guarantee equal opportunities for girls in sports.

Title IX and its implementing regulations prohibit discrimination solely on the basis of sex, not on the basis of transgender status, and therefore neither require nor authorize CIACs transgender policy, the statement reads. To the contrary, CIACs construction of Title IX as requiringthe participation of students on athletic teams that reflect their gender identity would turn the statute on its head.

Under CIACs interpretation of Title IX, however, schools may not account for the real physiological differences between men and women. Instead, schools must have certain biological males namely, those who publicly identify as female compete against biological females, the statement continues. In so doing, CIAC deprives those women of the single-sex athletic competitions that are one of the marquee accomplishments of Title IX.

Chase Stranglo of the left-wing American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU), which is representing the transgender athletes, responded by declaring that the organizationsclients are two high school seniors who are just trying to enjoy their final track season of high school and who now have to contend with the federal government arguing against their right to equal educational opportunities. History will look back on these anti-trans attacks with deep regret and shame. In the meantime we will continue to fight for the rights of all girls to participate in the sports they love.

In fact, gender-confused students remain free to compete against members of their actual sex, and research affirms that boys who call themselves girls retain physical advantages over real girls.

Last June, the Journal of Medical Ethics published a paper concluding that healthy young men [do] not lose significant muscle mass [or power] when their circulating testosterone levels were reduced to [below International Olympic Committee guidelines] for 20 weeks, and indirect effects of testosterone on factors such as bone structure, lung volume, and heart size will not be altered by hormone therapy. Therefore, the advantage to transwomen [men] afforded by the [International Olympic Committee] guidelines is an intolerable unfairness.

Such findings are consistent with those of organizations like USA Powerlifting, which contends that men naturally have a larger bone structure, higher bone density, stronger connective tissue and higher muscle density than women. These traits, even with reduced levels of testosterone, do not go away. While MTF [male-to-female, meaning men who drug themselves to appear and perform more like women] may be weaker and less [muscular]than they once were, the biological benefits given them at birth still remain over than [sic] of a female.

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Trump admin supports girl athletes forced to compete with boys who say theyre female - Lifesite

Mar 25

The 90s Animated Series CONAN: THE ADVENTURER Fueled Kids with Massive Amounts of Testosterone – GeekTyrant

Conan: The Adventurer the theme song alone and opening sequence for the 90s animated series was overflowing with masculinity and testosterone! After He-Man and Thundercats, this was the most testosterone-fueled cartoon series that a kid could watch in the 90s!

The series followed a young Cimmerian barbarian named Conan and his allies who "must stop snake-man wizard Wrath-Amon and his snake-men army from resurrecting evil serpent god Set. Conan must also destroy the evil wizard's ring that turned his family into stone.

The series was based on the iconic character created byRobert E. Howardin the 1930s. The series was created by Christy Marx, and it originally debuted on September 13th, 1992, and ran for 65 episodes. It came to a close on November 22, 1993. The series went on to spawn a small toy line in 1992 created byHasbro.

Heres a full detailed story summary for the series for those of you who want a little reminder:

Conan lived inCimmeriawith his parents throughout his childhood. While out with his grandfather one night on a trek, "fiery tears" or meteors dropped from the skies. Conan collected them and brought them back to his family. Conan's father, the village blacksmith, used the ore from the meteors to forge Star Metal and used it to create various tools and weapons that would never rust or break or dull. He sold them, but his finest work, a magnificent sword, he kept for Conan. It was laid in a crypt and covered over with a heavy stone slab. Conan's father told his son that only when he was "man enough" (i.e., strong enough) to push off the stone slab, could he rightfully claim the sword.

Meanwhile, the evilSerpent Manwizard Wrath-Amon learned of Star Metal and that in addition to its strength that it possessed the power to open portals between dimensions. He thus sought Star Metal to release his deitySetfrom "the Abyss" to which he long ago had been banished by the combined powers of virtually every living wizard then on Earth for trying to enslave the human race. As part of his search, Wrath-Amon sought out Conan's family. Conan's father told Wrath-Amon that he had sold all of the Star Metal, but the wizard refused to believe it. The wizard was right for aside from the sword, it was revealed in a later episode that Conan's father had hidden pieces of Star Metal with other villagers. Wrath-Amon used the spell of living stone upon Conan's family.

Conan by then had gone to claim his Star Metal sword to attack Wrath-Amon and his followers. When the Star Metal sword got near Wrath-Amon, it disrupted his magic and showed his reptilian face. To this, he said "Those who see the true face of Wrath-Amon must perish!" (this scene is similar to one in the film). Having chased away the wizard, Conan then turned to his family and swore in the name of their godCromto find a way of releasing them from the spell.

Conan's adventures thus begin as he searches Hyboria looking for a way to cure his family and free the land from Wrath-Amon's rule. Wrath-Amon's henchmen are alsoshapeshiftingSerpent Men. When Conan's Star Metal sword is close enough to them, it broke the spell that disguised them and revealed their true form to be Serpent Men. When Star Metal made contact with the Serpent Men, it banishes them to the Abyss with Set. Spies and agents of Set and Stygia, many of them also Serpent Men, were present in many cities, nations and tribes throughout the land in the age of Conan.

As compared with the original Conan stories and theMarvel Comicssuch asKing Conan,Conan Saga,Conan the BarbarianandConan the King, the cartoon Conan displays a higher degree of modern morality. While the original Conan is a thief, a killer, and a philanderer, the cartoon Conan has more in common with sword-wielding cartoon characters such asHe-Man. At one point, he refuses to join a pirate crew on the grounds that it is wrong to steal, he refuses to strike unarmed or defeated opponents. He is a kind and caring character, albeit a little naive, who stands up for his friends and what he sees to be right and is very respectable. The show also reduced the violence of the original to cartoon levels, deliberately making the Serpent Men "banished" with any touch of the heroes' weapons rather than actually struck.

The Snake Cult in the cartoon is different from The Snake Cult in the 1982 film Conan the Barbarian, which the cartoon is based on. In the film, The Snake Cult is led by the evil sorcerer Thulsa Doom, and in the film, Thulsa Doom and his warriors raid Conan's village and murder Conan's tribe including his parents. In the cartoon, The Snake Cult is led by Wrath-Amon, an evil wizard, and Wrath-Amon turns Conan's family into stone statues.

As someone who is a fan of Conan, I enjoyed watching the series as itlargely stayed true toRobert E. Howard's material. They just had to tone some things down for the kids. It was actually really fun, and I wish it would have gone on a little longer. Regardless, at least we got what we have!

Below youll fun the American opening title sequence for the series!

If you want to watch the series, its currently available on the free streaming service Tubi.

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The 90s Animated Series CONAN: THE ADVENTURER Fueled Kids with Massive Amounts of Testosterone - GeekTyrant

Mar 25

Everyone Else Is Dealing with COVID-19. Idahos Pushing an Anti-Trans Bill – VICE

Lindsay Hecox was looking forward to finally running track in college. Hecox, a 19-year-old freshman at Boise State University, ran cross country in high school and said it was the only place where she felt like she could be herself. In addition to describing herself as a shy introvert, Hecox has attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, which made it difficult to make friends. Running provided her a shared experience to bond with her classmates.

Even though I definitely wasn't the most social, I still felt accepted, Hecox told VICE. I was a pretty good runner and everyone likes you if youre nice and you can run fast.

Hecox, who came out as transgender at the end of her senior year of high school, took the year off from running competitively to start transitioning and focus on her studies. Guidelines established by the NCAA state that trans female athletes must take medications that suppress their testosterone levels for a year before they are allowed to compete, and she started hormone replacement therapy last September. That means she could have been eligible for the 2020-2021 school year. (The NCAA told The Hill last month that it was monitoring the bills progress.)

If she had made the team, Hecox would have made history: No transgender student athlete has ever competed openly on a collegiate track team in Idaho. Hecox said she wasnt looking to break records, though. She just wanted to feel at home again.

Running really helps stabilize me, as I sometimes have mood fluctuations, Hecox said. If I go out for a run, it cleans the slate, and I feel like I can release a little bit of stress after that. If you have a friend and youre running alongside them, it feels like youre losing track of time and it gets your mind off things, as you just look forward to the next mile marker.

But Hecox could soon be banned from the sport she loves if Idaho signs a bill into law that would prohibit transgender women and girls from participating in school athletics in alignment with their gender identity. House Bill 500, also known as the Fairness in Womens Sports Act, applies to student-athletes playing in K-12 sports and at the collegiate level, no matter if the university is public or private. The legislation is headed to Gov. Brad Littles desk after passing the Idaho Senate last Monday by a 24-11 vote and the House last month, both of which are dominated by Republicans.

HB 500 isnt the only anti-trans bill awaiting the governors proverbial pen. Just days after the Senate overwhelmingly approved the trans sports ban, it also passed House Bill 509, which prevents transgender people from updating their birth certificates to match their lived gender. In a Thursday vote, all but six Senators approved the legislation, also called the Idaho Vital Statistics Act.

Little has yet to state whether he intends to support either of the two proposals, but when asked about them last month, the governor was quoted in the Idaho Press as saying hes not a big discrimination guy.

The bills have been met with virulent opposition from civil rights groups. Kathy Griesmyer, policy director for the American Civil Liberties Union of Idaho, said their passage would set a really dangerous precedent that would likely be used as a model for discriminating against transgender people in other states. Although the ACLU estimated that 17 states in the U.S. have introduced bills in the 2020 legislative session that would restrict the ability of trans students to compete in school sports, none have passed. HB 500 would be the first bill of its kind in the nation.

There are really devastating consequences if HB 500 becomes law, Griesmyer told VICE. This has the potential to harm intersex people, women who present too masculine, or anybody who wants to use this law to go after a competitor.

Among the most glaring issues with HB 500 is that it stipulates that a student athletes biological sex would have to be determined by one of three factors before they are allowed to compete. These options are a test of the individuals internal and external reproductive anatomy, normal endogenously produced levels of testosterone, or genetic makeup.

But as in the case of a similar bill introduced in Arizona, the legislation does not establish a process for bringing about these claims, meaning that any student or their parent could accuse an athlete on an opposing team of being transgender. Accused students, many of whom as likely to be cisgender, would thereby be forced to undergo costly DNA testing or an invasive genital exam. The proposal also does not state what body would be responsible for looking into complaints or how a students private medical information would be protected.

Notably, the Arizona bill was watered down to remove the genital testing components following public backlash. The Idaho legislation has remained unchanged, despite the concerns of LGBTQ advocacy groups.

This bill is not based on science, Kate Oakley, senior counsel for the Human Rights Campaign, told VICE. It is legislation that is based purely in misinformation about trans youth, and it is targeting trans youth for discriminatory treatment. For any trans person in Idaho, they are now on notice that their government is willing to make laws that are based on fear and not facts.

The anti-trans bills are likely to be met with immediate legal action should they be signed into law, as five former Idaho attorneys general argued in a March 17 letter addressed to Little. In particular, critics said HB 509, the birth certificate bill, would violate a court order from U.S. District Court Magistrate Judge Candy W. Dale, who ruled in March 2018 that Idahos policy of denying birth certificate corrections on the basis of gender identity was unconstitutional. Prior to that time, Idaho was one of three statesalong with Ohio and Tennesseethat did not allow trans people to update their birth records.

When that policy was overturned in district court, Emilie Jackson-Edney was one of the first people in Idaho to apply for a corrected birth certificate. Jackson-Edney, who sits on the board of the Pride Foundation in Boise, said she had started her application process eight years earlier but that the long wait was worth it.

Its necessary to navigate safely through society with minimal harassment and minimal scrutiny, Jackson-Edney told VICE, noting that a third of trans people without a corrected birth certificate report experiencing mistreatment and even physical violence as a result. Its a safety issue. For trans people having concurrent identity documents that reflect their gender identity is really critical, and not being able to have them would be very difficult.

What makes these bills particularly hurtful for trans people in Idaho is the timing of the legislation. They were pushed through the state Senate during the same week that municipalities across the country took measures to curb the spread of coronavirus, also known as COVID-19. And yet in Idaho, little has been done to stop its citizens from contracting coronavirus.

I havent seen one thing from the [state] government other than telling us to wash our hands, and I honestly don't think that were taking it very seriously, said Yarit Rodriguez, who runs a support group for trans youth in Idaho, told VICE. He added that it doesn't make sense to him why passing anti-trans bills is more important than an outbreak affecting multiple communities.

The lack of statewide action on coronavirus is particularly personal for Hecox, who was being forced out of her dorm at Boise State as she spoke over the phone on Thursday. The university sent an email to students earlier the same day ordering anyone who hadnt already abandoned campus housing to evacuate the premises within the week. Although many students who have family in the area have the option to simply move back home, it wasnt so easy for her.

I was living with my grandparents in California before, she said. They don't want another person living with them because of their age. They are susceptible to having a bad reaction to the virus or dying.

To keep Hecox from being homeless, her mother is uprooting her life in California to move to Boise. Even as the federal government debates a trillion-dollar stimulus package that would provide greater assistance to families like hers, which have been forced into impossible situations, Hecox noted that Idaho lawmakers had yet to make any similar moves. The Senate wrapped for the year on Thursday, while the House finished up the following day.

They have not passed any legislation for that, she said of a statewide coronavirus relief effort. They dont have their priorities straight.

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Everyone Else Is Dealing with COVID-19. Idahos Pushing an Anti-Trans Bill - VICE

Mar 25

Females Live Longer Than MalesAmong Humans and Other Mammals, Too –

Women live longer than men by an average of six to eight years, according to the World Health Organization. This intriguing trend is seen in nearly every country around the world, suggesting that it may be driven by profound biological differences between the sexes. And longevity may not be limited to human females; according to a sweeping new study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a range of female mammals live longer than their male counterparts, too.

Scientists have long assumed this to be true, but according to the study authors, the assumption was based on a small number of case studies on wild mammals, or records of mammals housed in captivity, where lifespan and aging patterns are often not representative of conspecifics in the wild. For the new report, the researchers compiled and analyzed demographic data from different types of studies, including mortality estimates that had been obtained from long-term monitoring of wild populations, and mortality rates obtained from dead animals collected in the field. In total, the teams analysis covered 134 populations and 101 species, including lions, orcas, reindeer, and squirrels.

Among 60 percent of the populations studied, females lived longer than males. On average, their lifespans were 18.6 percent longer, which is considerably higher than the advantage for female humans, who live on average 7.8 percent longer than their male counterparts.

But why do such discrepancies exist between the sexes? Scientists have long sought to answer this question as it pertains to humans, and complex behavioral differences likely come into play. Men, for instance, are more likely to smoke, drink excessively and be overweight, Perminder Sachdev, a professor of neuropsychiatry at the University of New South Wales in Australia who has studied human longevity, told Times Markham Heid last year. They are also less likely to seek medical help and to adhere to medical treatments.

Biological factors may also drive the survival gap. Testosterone, for instance, increases levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol in men, putting them at greater risk of hypertension, stroke and heart disease.

Womens biology, on the other hand, may give them a boost. One theory posits that having two copies of the same sex chromosome confers protective benefits that govern longevity; women have two copies of the X chromosome, while men have X and Y chromosomes. Earlier this month, a study in Biology Letters gave credence to this hypothesis when it found a link between sex chromosomes and lifespan across more than 200 species. Female mammals, which have two of the same chromosomes, tended to live longer than males. The dual-chromosome trend applied to species that don't have X or Y chromosomes, too, and to species that in which males have two of the same chromosomes. For example, male birds, which have two Z chromosomes, have the survival advantage over females, which have one Z and one W chromosome.

The authors of the new study note that male mammals also devote substantial resources toward the growth and maintenance of secondary sexual traits, like larger body size or antlers. In certain environmental circumstances, these traits might come at a cost. When looking at bighorn sheep, for instance, the researchers found virtually no difference in lifespan between males and females in ranges where resources were consistently available. But in one location where winters are particularly harsh, there were significant sex differences in lifespan.

Male bighorn sheep use lots of resources towards sexual competition, towards the growth of a large body mass, Jean-Francois Lematre, first author of the new study, tells Matt McGrath of the BBC. [T]hey might be more sensitive to environmental conditions.

Both genetic variations and environmental conditions, in other words, likely play a role in sex differences in lifespan. Untangling these intertwined factors wont be easy, the study authors acknowledgebut further research, they write, will undoubtedly provide innovative insights into the evolutionary roots and physiology underlying aging in both sexes.

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Females Live Longer Than MalesAmong Humans and Other Mammals, Too -

Mar 23

Know-How: Be Bossy With The Boss Hen – American Hunter

Have you ever noticed the more you raise your voice, the more your antagonist raises theirs? Before you know it youre in a face-to-face, chest-bumping standoff. That shouldnt be your goal at the local brewpub, but you can make it your goal during spring turkey season. You want to attract a tom blinded by testosterone, but to do that, it oftentimes hinges on ticking off the boss in an ever-increasing lead-up to a fight.

In most flocks, one hen leads the group with the boss-hen designation. She leads the flock after fly down. She starts a new course after feeding, and she steers everyone back to an evening roost. Shes the one in charge and the one you need to target in addition to the tom. Catch her attention and increase your odds of catching him.

Despite going up against the best in bossiness, you shouldnt begin this overbearingness at daybreak under the roost. This is a time of day when a little goes a long way. Soft yelps to direct a tom to the landing strip in front of you could seal the deal. Nevertheless, as limb chatter increases you can slowly match the tone of the lead hen. This gives the tom something to think about. Should I glide over to a sure thing or wait up here with a loudmouth? Your antagonistic approach could lead to notching a tag before sunrise.

Of course, your bullish attempt may cause the lead hen to fly another direction. No worries. Shut up, reconnoiter the possible next pit stop and circle ahead. Once you feel youre in the general area of where the flock is heading, consider switching calls to sound like a different hen. Then start again with a subliminal hello. If the hen responds you now have the green light to converse with a freelance approach. If she maintains a friendly demeanor theres no reason to ratchet up the rhetoric. You can, however, tempt her with the sounds of a more jovial crowd.

Employ multiple calls and mimic the chatter of a loitering flock. Soft yelps, clucks and purrs, plus the sound of scratching, could sway the hen your way. Tone your response accordingly and continue the watercooler chat. She may show up out of curiosity with the boys in tow. Of course, your happy home could also amplify her anger as the conversation continues. Stay ready to match her mood.

Lightweight and compact decoys are easy to haul into the field, and hens can be just as effective as a jake or tom.

Louder yelps and lengthy cadences from the matriarch signify your unappreciated presence from the boss. If you sense irritation, its time to once again turn up the volume and add a touch of arrogance to your answers. In addition to intensifying volume, consider interrupting her yelps and add in the excitement of cuts to the dialog.

Staking decoys ahead of your conversation starters provides a visual provocation. A lone hen decoy has plenty of power at the crack of dawn if your yearning yelps muster enough lust in a roosted tom. On subsequent setups, two hens in the presence of a tom or jake could charm a lustful longbeard watching from the sideline. It also could infuriate the boss hen into a fuming frenzy.

This spring, keep your attention on the tom prize, but keep a focus on the boss hen. If honey doesnt drag her your way, browbeat her into a chest-bumping brawl.

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Know-How: Be Bossy With The Boss Hen - American Hunter

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