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Nov 23

Innovative approach to treating scoliosis | Health-and-fitness | taosnews.com – taosnews

Taos chiropractor Lucy Whyte Ferguson has developed a treatment approach for adolescents with scoliosis based on more than 20 years of practice at Colonias Chiropractic in El Prado.

Now her approach is being considered for a full research study. If confirmed effective, her treatments may help even more young people with scoliosis reduce pain and decrease curvature of the spine.

Ferguson emphasizes that the study will be key to proving that the approach works in a scientific setting. But, shesaid, other studies have looked at methods to slow the progress of scoliosis in children, but nothing to date shows a reversal. If the study shows this new approach really works, it will be a revolution.

Scoliosis is a sideways curvature of the spine that occurs most often during the growth spurt just before puberty. While scoliosis can be caused by conditions such as cerebral palsy and muscular dystrophy, the cause of most scoliosis is unknown. About 3 percent of adolescents have scoliosis,according to information fromthe Mayo Clinic.

Ferguson said that when the cause of scoliosis is unknown, it iscalled idiopathic. We do know that the condition can run in families, that there may be genetic factors that affect what kind of soft tissues kids have. She explained that if the spine curvature gets worse over time, chest capacity can be reduced, causing problems with heart and lung functions as the person reaches age 50 to 70.

How is scoliosis usually treated?

Children with scoliosis are usually observed over time to determine if treatment is necessary, Ferguson said. A brace may be prescribed to stop the curvature from worsening; in some cases, surgery is deemed necessary. Individualized physical treatment plans have alsoproven useful to reduce the rate of the curvatures progression.

I didnt set out to discover a new procedure for treating scoliosis, said Ferguson. I had training in working with soft tissues, but the childrens bodies taught me what I needed to notice to treat them and reduce the progression of their curvatures or reduce the curvatures altogether.

In her work, she has also been able to reduce the rip hump that can appear on one side of the spine visible in the back of the body as the child leans forward.

As she worked with children over time at her clinic, she discovered that the muscles that run at an angle to the spine develop tension that cause imbalance. It is an individual situation for each child, said Ferguson, As I work with each one, I have to find the lines of tension. It is no wonder that the spine deviates with the muscles pulling hard on it. The imbalance can cause the pelvis to be lined up incorrectly with one hip lower or the whole pelvis rotated so that one hip is behind the spine, so it doesnt support the spine well.

She works with the areas of tension to lengthen the muscles and get the rib cage moving. Her approach is to manipulate the pelvis to mobilize the rib cage and lengthen the tissue around the rib cage. Hanging on to the muscles, she leans away and pulls firmly but gently to help the tension unwind.

If she pulls too hard the muscle and surrounding tissue known as fascia will resist. As Ferguson explained it, fascia is like gristle on a piece of meat it can be around it and also interpenetrate into it; that is how fascia connects up organs and muscles. In a healthy person, there is a double helix of spiral fascia around the body that helps support it. It appears that in a child developing a curvature, the normal spiral becomes uncoupled and one side starts to contract, contributing to the distortion of the spine.

In combination with treatment appointments, Ferguson may recommend arch supports for shoes or corrective cushions at home. The patient might be asked to lie on a small ball so that it presses into the rib cage where it connects to the spine in order to move it into a better position each day.

Another exercise is to have the child hang onto bar in a doorway. The knees are bent so that their weight helps lengthen and unwind the fascia.

Through this combination of periodic treatments and home care, Ferguson has found she can often stop the progression of the spine curvature or even reduce it.

What will the research study do?

For the study, 56 children ages 10-15 will be selected by Dr. Selina Silva, head of spinal surgery at Carrie Tingley Hospital in Albuquerque. She is looking for children who have a spine curvature of 15 to 30 degrees but no other known conditions.

I will treat 28 of these children (12 visits for each child over a six-month period) and 28 children will form a control group and they will receive standard care. We will be able to see if I can slow the progression of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis in the research subjects I treat, or even reverse the curvatures and eliminate the rib hump deformities, explained Ferguson.

If the new treatment proves successful in the course of the study, she hope to be able to treat the 28 children in the control group after the study is done. I dont want to leave anyone out, said Ferguson. It is hard to have the control group, because the kids are growing, but a control group is necessary to really tell if the treatment is working.

How willthe study be funded?

The University of New Mexico has approved the research proposal to test the protocol in a controlled research study. The proposal was highly ranked and forwarded to the National Institute of Health for final review and approval. Final awards will be announced after the NIH approves the application, possiblyby late November.

I will also be doing fund raising in conjunction with the UNM Foundation, because the research grant does not pay for me to travel to and be in Albuquerque four to six days per month for eight to 10 months, which will be required for me to treat the children who want to be treated in Albuquerque,said Ferguson.

She also hopes to video the evaluation and treatment procedures for some of the research subjects, which is also not covered by the grant. In addition to asking for individual tax-deductible donations, Ferguson will also be seeking grants from foundations.

If approved, the study will begin on Dec. 1 and run for one year. The treatment part of the study will wrap up within 10 months so that there are two months for analysis of the data by an independent statistician. After the results are clear, Ferguson will be involved with writing about the study, as a way to share the approach.

She hopes the study will published in a well-respected journal such as Spine so that medical professionals and others who work with spines can learn about the approach and consider ways that it might be implemented such as training interdisciplinary teams that include physical and massage therapists and chiropractors.

This is a huge passion for me, says Ferguson. Many people in town have given a lot to me and Ive tried to give to the community, volunteering at the Taos Pueblo for more than 20 years. This is a chance for the community to support the project. My community has made this whole thing possible. We can be part of sharing a new way of treating scoliosis out into the world.

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Nov 23

Glendale gym is 1st gym ordered to close by health department over COVID-19 regulations – The Arizona Republic

Formal ADHS closure notice placed on front window.(Photo: Arizona Department of Health Services)

The Arizona Department of Health Services ordered the first gym Fitness 1 Gym in Glendale to close on Thursdayafter violations to state mandates on COVID-19 were found.

A notice from the state health departmentindicated Fitness 1 Gym had not applied for or been approved for re-opening under state guidelines, but opened anyway.

"By continuing to operate, Fitness 1 Gym located at 3515 W. Union Hills Dr., Glendale, AZ 85308, is in violation of Executive Orders 2020-43 and 2020-52, Emergency Measure 2020-02, and the applicable Guidelines, and thus is jeopardizing the health, safety, and welfare of the public," the ADHS said in their notice to the gym.

The orders and measures outlined in the notice posted by ADHS speak to slowing the spread of COVID-19 by mandating businesses to close down or follow specific reopening procedures. Gyms and fitness centers had been allowed to openafter applying and being approved for reopening, since August.

To reopen, businesses had to sign an online form agreeing to comply with safety requirements, which include limiting parties to no more than 10 and closing dance floors. The health department is asking the public to report violators by calling the tip line at 844-410-2157 or online at theADHS Business Compliance page. These procedures are similar for restaurants and barsin the Valley.

The notice indicates that Fitness 1 Gym is to remain closed until granted permission to reopen, and that violation of these orders will result in legal consequences.

Identified COVID-19 cases in Arizona rose by 4,471 on Friday to 291,696,and known deaths rose by 43 to6,427, according to thedaily reportfromthe Arizona Department of Health Services. It's the second day in a row where new cases have been above 4,000.

Reach breaking news reporter Brooke Newman at brooke.newman@arizonarepublic.com or on Twitter @brookerae17.

Read or Share this story: https://www.azcentral.com/story/news/local/phoenix-breaking/2020/11/20/ahds-mandates-fitness-1-gym-close/6360977002/

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Nov 23

6 cases of COVID-19 linked to fitness classes in Aurora – CBC.ca

Sixcases of COVID-19 havebeen linked to fitness classes in Aurora, according to York Region Public Health.

The public health unit said the six attendedfitness classes at Aurora Fit Body Boot Camp,255 Industrial Parkway South, between Monday, Nov. 9, and Saturday, Nov. 14. The classes were held between 5:45 a.m. to 7:30 a.m. each day.

York Region Public Healthsaid it was notified of the first confirmed case on Saturday, Nov. 14.

"Each class has a maximum capacity of eight individuals," York Region Public Health said in a statement on Saturday.

"Any individuals who attended one or more of the fitness classes noted above are advised to self-monitor for 14 days until Sunday, Nov. 29."

If any symptoms of COVID-19 develop, affected individuals are urged toseek assessment and testing at a COVID-19 assessment centre and continue to isolate while waiting for results.

The public health unit said Aurora Fit Body Boot Camp and its patrons have compliedcurrent public health measures, including physical distancing, not sharing equipment, and using hand sanitizer and disinfectant.

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Nov 23

Meet Autumn, the Incredible 4-Year-Old Whose Skateboarding Videos Are All Over Social Media – POPSUGAR

You won't normally find many toddlers rolling through the skate park, but 4-year-old Autumn Bailey isn't your average kid. She spends plenty of time skateboarding, pulling off tricks most adults would struggle with. Her mom, Tara, told POPSUGAR that Autumn grew up in a house "full of punk music and skateboards," so this love came naturally.

"She started skating properly at about 2 1/2 years," Tara said. Autumn skates about four times a week and is well-known at their local spots. "When we go to skate parks most people recognize her now and people are really sweet and come over to say hi, which she loves," she said. Autumn's popularity extends beyond the park too. Her mom runs an Instagram account (@autumnskating), where she shares videos of Autumn skating with over 65,000 followers.

Tara admitted that although Autumn has many fans at the park and online, she does get a few concerned comments from observers. "Anyone who hasn't seen her skate frequently tells me to not let her do something she is lining herself up for," Tara explained. "So I have to politely tell them that she can skate and I'm not just letting my toddler throw herself off an eight-foot drop." That said, Tara and Autumn are extremely appreciative of the supportive community that cheers Autumn on and helps her as she attempts challenging tricks.

"We are super lucky!" Tara said. "And yes she is always the smallest one at the skate park, which I think she loves." Ahead, check out more videos of Autumn skateboarding.

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Meet Autumn, the Incredible 4-Year-Old Whose Skateboarding Videos Are All Over Social Media - POPSUGAR

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Nov 23

420 pounds in eighth grade, Cajuns guard O’Cyrus Torrence didn’t wait to stand out – Daily Advertiser

Lift your spirits and take a look at UL's athletic fields as seen from the air through footage from Lafayette photography and videography company Viznu. Lafayette Daily Advertiser

Even in eighth grade, OCyrus Torrence was a hugedeal. At 6-foot-3 and 420 pounds, its hard not to be.

These days a trimmed-down Torrence carries about 332 pounds on a6-5 frame standingout for altogether different reasons. Starting at right guard for the No. 25 Ragin Cajuns, the sophomore already is a bona fide NFL prospect.

But before he becomingone, the big guyfroma small townhad to deal with what he was and decide what he wanted to be.

I had to get usedto the fact I was much biggerand I always felt out of place because I literally didnt fit in, Torrence said.But once I got to high school and started playing football, everything else really worked its way out because football gave me more confidence and helped me lose all the weight.

Now Cajun coaches and teammates too rave about all he does for UL (7-1, 5-1 Sun Belt), which after having Saturdays game against Central Arkansas canceled due to COVID-19 issues inside the program is scheduled to visit UL Monroe this coming Saturday (2 p.m., ESPN3).

Like Coach Looney would say, Hes a freak, starting center Shane Vallot said with reference to late offensive line assistant coach D.J. Looney, who died of a heart attack during a mini-camp workout in August. Hes a big dude. Hes a player.

He got thrown in as a freshman, and I would say he did a helluva job. He went out there, he competed. Hes a fighter. He doesnt give up. And he likes to learn.

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Torrence stepped right in when starting left guard Ken Marks tore up a knee in ULs 2019 season-opener against Mississippi State at the Superdome in New Orleans.

When I went down, I went up to him and I told him, You got this. He had a little nervous look in his eye, Marks said. But after a few plays he was good, and throughout the season he developed even more.

Coach just threw him in the fire, and he didnt bend, he didnt break, Cajuns quarterback Levi Lewis added. Some guys had ups and downs; I didnt see a down in Cybos game the whole season.

Was there ever any doubt?

Evidently not for someone whose nickname is the shortened version of one his mother Demetrice gave him as a kid Cyborg, a fictional superhero.

People didnt pick up on it, and somehow Cybo caught on, since its quicker, he said.

Whatever the name, he has game.

We knew he was a good player whenever he came in, Marks said. Just being coached by Coach (Rob) Sale and Coach Looney, we knew he was going to be all right.

Tears of joy: Ragin' Cajuns honored Looney the right way with win at UAB

Napier: 'I cant help but think my man D.J. is up there smiling'

More: Ragin' Cajun coaches mourn loss of UL assistant Looney

Shortly after signing with the Cajuns, the Class 2A All-State pick fromSt. Helena College & Career Academy in Greensburg a Louisiana map dot of 700 or so not quite 40 miles northeast of Baton Rouge received a workout manual.

Sale, ULs offensive coordinator/o-line coach, remembers Torrence, who receiveda late recruiting offer from Georgia to go with ones from Louisiana Tech, Southern Miss and South Alabama, doing everything to a T.

In the weight room. Running too.

And for a big man, Sale said, running is more important.

Youre big and strong, but can you maintain? Are you in shape to strain?

Offensive guard O'Cyrus Torrence (58) helps lead the Ragin' Cajuns run onto Cajun field for their Nov. 14 win over South Alabama.(Photo: Andre Broussard/Special to The Advertiser)

For Torrence, though, conditioning was no issue. What he did in high school carried over.

The hard work that comes with (playing) football and losing weight went hand-in-hand, he said,and it kept getting better and better from there.

But Torrence still had something to prove before playing his first college game.

Each step that first summer is a test Sale applies to determine just how ready each freshman is. He passed.

One day, practice it just clicked, Torrence said. Thats the best way I could put it.

One day I went to practice, I didnt know as much. I kept missing it during film. Then one day I went out there, I started understanding more of what Coach Sale was doing and what was happening on the field.

Sale noticed.

Soon, the show was on.

Once you start getting into it, after the first scrimmage, Sale said, youre like The guys gonna have a chance to play.

With Marks unavailable, Torrence had to. Sale and head coach Billy Napier didnt hesitate, though.

Obviously you love the kids size, speed, athleticism when youre watching the guy on tape, watching his high school film, Sale said last spring. But the way we structure our June and July (tells a lot).

A freshman typically has nine scheme installs in June, nine in July, nine in August preseason camp.

So Cybo had installs three times. And we two-spot everything, Sale said. So a true freshman gets the same amount of reps as the starting right guard would have gotten reps. So you can evaluate.

As Cajun coaches did, they became convinced.

By the time of the first game youve had a good body of work in practice, Sale said.

So you knew once you put him out there (against) Mississippi State you werent just rolling the dice. Because what you do in practice is what youre gonna do in a game. Its not just like, Oh, Im a gamer. No, no, no. It dont work like that.

It all worked out for the Cajuns last season, though.

Truth be told, however, Torrence initially just tried to keep up. It took all he had.

Of course I was nervous, he said, but I practiced for it and I was ready for it.

Then I started realizing my best was good enough.

Other people, they started noticing, Torrence added. I started seeing it too, but I tried to not buy too much into it and (tried) to remember what got me here.

UL wound up rushing for 3,604 yards 257.4 per game and 42 touchdowns as the 11-3 Cajuns won the Sun Belt ConferenceWest Division and the LendingTree Bowl.

Elijah Mitchell ran for 1,147 yards and 16 TDs. Raymond Calais Jr. now with the Los Angeles Rams rushed for 886 and averaged 7.6 yards per carry. Trey Ragas ran for 820 yards, averaging 7.1 per carry, and 11 TDs. Chris Smith, ULs No. 4 running back then, had 334.

It certainly wasnt all Torrences doing, but he was a huge part.

I wouldnt mind running inside zone behind him myself, UL strength and conditioning coach Mark Hocke joked. I might be able to get a yard or two behind him.

Offensive guard O'Cyrus Torrence (58, top) helps push the pile during UL's Nov. 7 win over Arkansas State at Cajun Field.(Photo: Andre Broussard/Special to The Advertiser)

By seasons end, Torrence was a 2019 Football Writers Association of America Freshman All-American.

ULs line that year also featured NFL Draft picks Robert Hunt (Miami) and Kevin Dotson (Pittsburgh). But Hunt missed the seasons second half with an injury, so Max Mitchell wentfrom left tackle to right. Dotson started at left guard, and when he left Torrence seamlessly movedthere.

Cybo, hes a stud, Sale said.

Some people are better with the right hand down and on the right side than the left side. Cybos ambidextrous. He can both play guards, and he looks dang-good doing it.

Moving Torrence to the right reunited him with Max Mitchell, who now protects southpaw QB Lewis blindside.

We just work well with each other, Mitchell said.

Thats a large man beside me as well, so its pretty nice to move some people and being able to rely on him to take my inside gap, you know?

Ragas sure knows.

Its just like running behind Dotson, he said of Torrence at right guard. Its the same to me.

Which says a lot. Dotson was drafted in the fourth round, Hunt in the second.

Major motivation: Story of Dolphins pick Hunt inspired UL commit Maillho

What are they?NFL use in eye of the beholder for UL's Hunt, Dotson

All about upbringing: Dad raised Cajuns NFL Draft prospect Dotson right way

UL's rock: Offensive guard Dotson is a 'powerful human'

Torrence?

He humbly harbors hope of turning pro too, and its easy to understand why.

The sky is the limit for him, Max Mitchell said.

Hes handled his diet well. Hes strong. Hes athletic. The kid has all the football instinct in the world. He could definitely go, I think, first round by the end of this career here.

Torrence, however, didnt rest on freshman-season laurels.

I havent seen letup in his work ethic, Hocke said in the offseason.

Torrance has helped Senior Bowl invitee Elijah Mitchell rush for 563 yards over seven games this season. Ragas has 522 in eight, Smith another 290 on about half as many carries as the other two.

When UL beat Georgia State in September, Torrence was one of three Cajun captains.

Hes been one of the bright spots, Napier said.

Hes a guy who has the right mindset. Hes very intelligent. Hes very mature. Hes got great perspective on life. Hes a really good practice player. Hes one of the more disciplined kids we have, and hes becoming a leader.

Thats one of the things were challenging him to do, is to be more vocal, Napier added, because hes one of the guys that does it the right way and really sets an example.

Credibility is a byproduct of his hard work.

Sale and the late Looney, as Hocke sees it, toiled to develop him but built from a solid base.

Really the biggest person, reason, for his success is OCyrus himself, the strength coach said.

And it has little to do with those pounds hes accustomed to carrying.

No doubt you can watch him compete on a Saturday and see how special he is physically, how tough he is physically, Hocke said. But I think that all starts between the ears, right?

The way hes wired, the way he thinks; thats what makes him different from just about anybody and everybody, Hocke added. And thats why I think hes going to continue to have success.

The right mind: Mental health tops the priority list for UL offensive tackle Robertson

More: Alexandria product Carlos Rubio ready when needed by the Ragin' Cajuns

Right guard O'Cyrus Torrence sits in his stance during UL's win over UAB at Legion Field in Birmingham.(Photo: Brad Kemp/ragincajuns.com)

From seat of the Sale, who calls coaching guys like Ol Cybo why you do it, Torrence would have forced himself into freshman-season playing time even if Marks hadnt gotten hurt.

The injury simply accelerated things.

Then?

He just never looked back, Sale said.

Nor does Torrence ever sit still.

Starting center Vallot bragged in the summer about how the youngster would regularly text him about reviewing the weekly game plan.

Thebeautiful thing about Big Cybo is he wants to learn, sixth-year senior offensive lineman Cole Prudhomme said. He wants you to pour information, and hes just listening.

You tell him one thing, hell either get there right away or hell mess up one time then hell learn from that mistake. Hes so easy to coach and I think thats just amazing.

What we learned: No. 25 Louisiana 38, South Alabama 10

More: Secondary was a primary force in No. 25 Ragin' Cajuns' win over South Alabama

More: Balanced offense helps No. 25 Ragin' Cajuns run away from South Alabama

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Nov 23

Meat-free diets linked with greater risk of breaking bones – New Scientist

By Clare Wilson

coldsnowstorm/Getty Images

People who dont eat meat are more at risk of breaking bones, especially their hips, according to the largest study yet of this risk. The effect may stem from a lack of calcium and protein in their diet, as well as the fact that they tend to be thinner and so have less flesh to cushion a fall.

Several previous studies have shown that vegetarians have weaker bones than meat eaters, but it was unclear if this had any meaningful effect on their risk of fractures.

The new research took advantage of a long-running study called EPIC-Oxford, originally set up to look at whether diet influences the risk of cancer by following the health of about 65,000 people in the UK from 1993 onwards. The study recorded peoples typical diet and tracked their health through hospital records.

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By 2010, vegans had broken a hip at over twice the rate of meat eaters, while vegetarians and fish eaters had a smaller increase in risk, of about 25 per cent. Vegans but not vegetarians and pescetarians also had a higher risk of breaking other bones.

The overall level of risk to vegans was relatively small, equating to about an extra 20 bones broken per 1000 people over 10 years. But the fracture rate is likely to be higher in the elderly, who break hips more often, as the average age of participants at the start was 45, says researcher Tammy Tong at the University of Oxford.

When peoples diets were analysed, meat eaters consumed more calcium and protein. Calcium is an important component of bones, and protein may aid calcium absorption from food. Unless they are actively supplementing, its quite unlikely that vegans will have a sufficient intake of calcium just from the diet, says Tong.

But it is possible that people eating a vegan diet today may have higher calcium levels. In the 1990s, there was less fortification of plant milks, she says.

Heather Russell, a dietitian at the Vegan Society in the UK, says: Its certainly possible to look after your bones on a well-planned vegan diet, but people need information to make healthy choices.

Studying the same group of people has previously shown that being vegetarian is linked with about a 10 per cent lower risk of cancer after 15 years, and about a 20 per cent lower rate of heart disease but also a 20 per cent higher risk of a stroke.

Journal reference: BMC Medicine, DOI: 10.1186/s12916-020-01815-3

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Nov 23

Eating a Mediterranean diet may reduce the effects of stress – Medical News Today

A study has found that middle-aged monkeys fed a plant-based Mediterranean diet were more resilient to stress than those fed a Western diet containing a lot of animal protein, saturated fat, salt, and sugar.

According to a survey by the polling organization Gallup in 2019, people living in the United States reported some of the highest levels of psychological stress in the world.

Chronic stress not only increases a persons risk of depression and anxiety but also their chances of developing diseases including obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, stroke, and Alzheimers.

Reducing stress is not easy at the best of times, however, and it is even more difficult in the face of circumstances such as political turmoil and an ongoing pandemic.

The idea that simply changing our diets could improve how our bodies cope with stress may seem far-fetched. But observational studies have found that people who eat a lot of fruits and vegetables or, specifically, follow a Mediterranean diet, report less stress.

Conversely, researchers have discovered associations between high sugar and saturated fat intake and high blood levels of the stress hormone cortisol.

The trouble with such studies is that they do not prove a causal relationship between the diet and stress. Other factors that might influence peoples diets, such as where they live, their level of education, or their socioeconomic status, are equally likely to determine how much stress they experience daily.

Controlling for all these variables in a longitudinal study involving people is all but impossible.

Instead, researchers at the Wake Forest School of Medicine, in Winston-Salem, NC, compared the long-term effects of a typical Western diet with those of a Mediterranean diet on stress resilience in macaques under controlled experimental conditions.

Unfortunately, Americans consume a diet rich in animal protein and saturated fat, salt, and sugar, so we wanted to find out if that diet worsened the bodys response to stress, compared to a Mediterranean diet, in which much of the protein and fat come from plant sources, says Carol A. Shively, a professor of pathology and comparative medicine at the Wake Forest School of Medicine and the studys principal investigator.

Prof. Shively and colleagues found that monkeys fed a Mediterranean diet were more resilient to the effects of stress and were slower to develop age-related increases in stress sensitivity.

Their study has been published in the journal Neurobiology of Stress.

The researchers compared the effects of two diets on 38 middle-aged female macaques over a period of 31 months, which is roughly equivalent to 9 human years.

They formulated their experimental Western diet to be similar to that consumed by middle-aged American women. It contained protein and fat mainly from animal sources, and it was high in salt and saturated fats and low in monounsaturated and omega-3 fatty acids.

The Mediterranean diet contained protein and fats derived mainly from plants, some lean protein from fish and dairy, and a high monounsaturated fat content, which came principally from extra virgin olive oil. The diet incorporated more complex carbohydrates and fiber and less salt and refined sugars than the Western diet.

The scientists report that the Mediterranean diets ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids was similar to a traditional hunter-gatherer-type diet.

Both of the studys diets had equivalent contents in terms of calories and cholesterol.

In the course of the experiment, the animals eating the Western diet ate more, accumulated more fat tissue, and had a different profile of gut bacteria, compared with those who received the Mediterranean diet. They also developed greater insulin resistance and fatty liver disease.

To determine the interaction between diet and the effects of chronic stress, the researchers took advantage of the stable social hierarchy that groups of female macaques naturally establish.

They explain that the monkeys with a subordinate status in the group are more likely to be a target of aggression and less likely to be groomed, and they spend more time fearfully scanning the group.

The scientists created brief, acute stress by isolating individuals from the rest of the group for 30 minutes at a time.

The macaques on the Mediterranean diet were more physiologically resilient to these stress challenges. Activity in the sympathetic nervous system, which enacts the fight or flight response, was lower compared with that of the animals on the Western diet.

In response to acute stress, their heart rate recovered more rapidly and they produced less of the stress hormone cortisol.

This suggests a stronger response from their parasympathetic nervous system, which enacts a relaxation response to restore the body to a restful state after a stressful experience.

Cortisol responses and activity in the sympathetic nervous system increase as an animal ages, but in the animals that ate the Mediterranean diet, these changes were delayed, compared with those on the Western diet.

Our study showed that the Mediterranean diet shifted the balance toward the parasympathetic nervous system, which is good for health, says Prof. Shively. By contrast, the Western diet increased the sympathetic response to stress, which is like having the panic button on all the time and that isnt healthy.

The studys authors conclude:

Based on the findings reported here, the Mediterranean diet pattern may serve as a dietary strategy to reduce the deleterious effects of stress on health without the side effects of medications typically prescribed to manage stress responsivity, and [adopting it] may have a significant public health impact.

It is worth noting, however, that the effects of different diets on stress in monkeys may not closely reflect their effects in humans.

The researchers also acknowledge that the Mediterranean diet that they created for this experiment had not previously been tested in nonhuman primates. In addition, they say, future investigations need to determine the effects of the diet on stress responses in males.

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Nov 23

Add these winter foods in your diet for healthy and glowing skin – Times of India

The harsh weather during winters can take a toll on the skin. If you want your skin to be problem-free all throughout, then you need to make extra efforts during winters. Instead of just swapping your skincare products, also add healthy foods in your diet! Here's a look at five foods you need to add in your winter diet for healthy and glowing skin:1. AvocadoNot only are avocados good for your overall health, but they are also exceptionally good for your skin. Packed with Vitamin E and healthy oils, avocadoes nourish the skin from the cellular level. Loaded with antioxidants, they can protect your skin from oxidative damage.

2. AlmondsAlmonds are an Indian superfood, which one can easily add to the daily diet. They are full of natural elements that hydrate the skin and prevent it from getting dry. Almonds keep your nails, skin, and even hair healthy. Rich in vitamins, they can help to fight early signs of ageing and moisturise the skin.

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Nov 23

Diabetes Diet: Fruits And Vegetable Sugars: How Are They Different From Regular Sugar? Expert Reveals – NDTV Food

All foods of plant origin contain some amount of natural sugars.

Highlights

Every health advisory speaks of how we need to reduce sugar consumption in our daily meals to protect ourselves against non-communicable diseases like CVD, Diabetes and Strokes. On the other hand, we are advised to take lots of fruits and vegetables, which also contain sugar; so what is the difference that makes one source a health hazard and another a health benefit? Let's find out!

But before that let me explain a few points:

- Carbohydrates are the major and the most efficient source of energy for our body.

- Carbohydrates are classified as Monosaccharides, Disaccharides and polysaccharides, depending on the number of sugar molecules.

- Monosaccharides include Fructose and Glucose. These are the basic units from which all other complex carbohydrates are made. Di saccharides are two monosaccharides combined and polysaccharides are multiple molecules of monosaccharides combined.

- Table sugar and the sugar most used in processed foods is Sucrose, a di saccharide made up of Fructose and Glucose. Sucrose is metabolised through similar processes in our body irrespective of its source.

- All foods of plant origin contain some amount of natural sugars.

- The total carbohydrates in a fruits rage from 1-20g/100 g edible portion and in vegetables rage from 1-25g/ 100gm edible portion approximately. These include simple sugars, starch and fibre.

There isn't any difference between the natural sugars and the one that is added externally (chemically). The main difference is that sugars from whole fruits and vegetables come packaged with lots of health-boosting nutrients. They are released slowly in the blood preventing a sugar rush.

Commercially available sugars like rice sugar, beet sugar, agave nectar all come from plants. These are extracted, concentrated before being used commercially. This means a higher more refined version of the same sugars that are absorbed very soon and as the quantity added is larger than a normal serving. High amounts of sugar in the blood means more insulin, and we know that constant high insulin in the blood causes serious damage and oxidative stress.

(Also Read:Diabetes? Here's The Ultimate Low-Sugar Fruit Salad You Need This Season)

The two sugars present in fruits include Fructose and Glucose.

All fruits contain simple sugars. The two sugars present in fruits include Fructose and Glucose. These may be in different ratios in various fruits; approximately they are present in 1:1 ratio. Glucose raises blood sugar directly while fructose is metabolised through the liver. While consuming a whole fruit the body, in addition to some amount of sugar, gets a huge dose of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and phytonutrients. All of these are essential for healthy living and for protection against infections and NCDs. And hence, while refined sugars are just empty calories, fruit sugars come with nutrients and are hence a healthier choice to make. Meaning, if you are a diabetic, it is safe for you to consume fruits, but in moderation.

(Also Read:6 Winter Vegetables That May Help Manage Diabetes Amidst COVID-19 Pandemic)

Vegetables also contain simple sugars Fructose, Glucose and Sucrose (also known as table sugar). The quantity of sugars in the vegetable is negligible. Most vegetables contain little or no sugar and are loaded with health-giving vitamins, minerals, fibre, antioxidants and phytonutrients. Vegetables are, for this reason, very low in total calories and high on nutrition. It is recommended that everyone gets at least 3 servings a day. Roots and tubers also counted as vegetables have a higher amount of sugar in them.

Beetroot, yam, tapioca, potato and sweet potato have higher sugars and are restricted while calorie counting.

Bottom line: Eat 5 servings of whole seasonal fruits and vegetables daily. Choose fruit to satiate your sugar cravings. Read labels on processed foods to see the hidden sugars like agave syrup, coconut sugar, sweet beet syrup. Maple syrup, golden syrup, Molasses, maltodextrin among others.

Eat fresh, eat nutrient-rich foods and stay healthy!

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The opinions expressed within this article are the personal opinions of the author. NDTV is not responsible for the accuracy, completeness, suitability, or validity of any information on this article. All information is provided on an as-is basis. The information, facts or opinions appearing in the article do not reflect the views of NDTV and NDTV does not assume any responsibility or liability for the same.

About Rupali DattaRupali Datta is a Clinical Nutritionist and has worked in leading corporate hospitals. She has created and lead teams of professionals to deliver clinical solutions for patients across all medical specialties including critical care. She is a member of the Indian Dietetic Association and Indian Association of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition.

Original post:
Diabetes Diet: Fruits And Vegetable Sugars: How Are They Different From Regular Sugar? Expert Reveals - NDTV Food

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Nov 23

MedDiet cuts diabetes risk by a third in 25-year Women’s Health Study – Clinical Daily News – McKnight’s Long Term Care News

The Mediterranean diet reduces the risk of diabetes by 30% in women who are overweight or obese, according to a new analysis of the Womens Health Study.

Investigators collected health data from healthcare professionals over 25 years starting in 1993. Food frequency questionnaires and blood samples showed that participants who consumed more foods from the Mediterrenean diet early in the study had a 30% lower rate of type 2 diabetes than women who did not, said investigators from Brigham and Womens Hospital, Boston.

But this effect was seen only among women with a body mass index greater than 25, a threshold indicating that someone is clinically overweight or obese. It was not seen in participants whose BMI was clinically normal or underweight, reported Samia Mora, M.D., and colleagues.

The results of blood sample analyses further suggest that the diet reduced diabetes risk in participants by improving insulin resistance, lipoprotein metabolism and inflammation.

The results show that the protective effects of diet can occur over many years, the researchers said.

[I]ts important to note that many of these changes dont happen right away. While metabolism can change over a short period of time, our study indicates that there are longer-term changes happening that may provide protection over decades, the authors said.

The Mediterreanean diet is high in olive oil, fruits, vegetables, legumes, nuts and seeds. Although much evidence already demonstrates that the diet reduces the risk of heart disease, type 2 diabetes and other adverse health outcomes, the current study was unique in length; many previous studies that have looked only at the diets short-term effects, the authors noted.

Full findings were published in JAMA Network Open.

More here:
MedDiet cuts diabetes risk by a third in 25-year Women's Health Study - Clinical Daily News - McKnight's Long Term Care News

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