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Oct 12

This Burns the Most Visceral Fat, Says Science Eat This Not That – Eat This, Not That

Visceral fat is a serious health condition many people don't know they have because it's a type of body fat you can't see, feel or touch. Visceral fat is hidden deep in your belly and wraps around vital organs which causes major problems like heart disease, stroke, diabetes, some cancers and more. Getting rid of visceral fat is vital for your overall well-being and Eat This, Not That! Health spoke with experts who explain ways to lose it. Read onand to ensure your health and the health of others, don't miss these Sure Signs You've Already Had COVID.

The Cleveland Clinic says you can measure visceral fat the following ways"

"Waist measurement: Wrap a tape measure around your waist just above your hip bones. For women, 35 inches or more means you're at risk for health problems stemming from visceral fat. For men, the number is 40 inches or more.

Waist-to-hip ratio: Measure your waist size and your hip size (wrap a tape measure around the widest part of your hips). Divide your waist size by your hip size. A waist-to-hip ratio higher than 0.85 in women and 0.90 in men indicates abdominal obesity.

Body mass index (BMI): BMI measures your body fat based on your height and weight. A BMI of 30 or more (in men and women) indicates you may be overweight and could have a higher level of visceral fat.

Waist-height ratio: Divide your waist size by your height. A healthy ratio is no greater than 0.5 (in men and women). Some healthcare providers prefer the waist-height ratio. Other methods aren't as accurate at distinguishing between visceral and subcutaneous fat."

Dr. Brian Fisher MBBCh MBE MSc FRSA, Clinical Director at Evergreen Life and a medical expert with more than 42 years' experience as a general practitioner tells us, "Alcohol makes you gain weight around your midsection, without you realizing. It's so easy to guzzle down hundreds, even thousands, of liquid calories. Extra alcohol units also place strain on the liver, which is already working over time to break down the toxic visceral fat acids, if you carry excess visceral fat. Give your liver a break alternate beers with water."6254a4d1642c605c54bf1cab17d50f1e

Dr. Fisher reminds us, "Cigarettes take a toll on almost your entire body. Like visceral fat, smoking increases your risk of cardiovascular disease. Take a step towards quitting today by cutting down the number of cigarettes per week. These 10 tips on the NHS website may also help you quit."

Dr. Fisher says, "Beat hunger and reduce insulin spikes with healthy protein choices. Avoid greasy hamburgers, bacon and processed sausages in favor of fish, lean meats such as turkey or chicken, beans and free-range eggs. Eating healthy fats like extra virgin olive oil, avocados and walnuts, or fermented foods like kimchi, live yogurt and miso can benefit your insulin balance, gut bacteria, hormones, and weight management."

Kent Probst, personal trainer, kinesiotherapist and bodybuilder with Long Healthy Life

states, "The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends 150 minutes per week of moderate intensity cardiovascular exercise, or 75 minutes per week of vigorous cardiovascular exercise to significantly reduce the risk of disease. Try to get at least 20 minutes a day of exercise, and then increase it in small increments. This can include bicycling, running, swimming, cross-country skiing, stair climbing, or brisk walking."

Lisa Richards, a nutritionist and author of the Candida Diet says, "It is not uncommon to turn to drinks like shakes or smoothies to help with your weight loss goals. However, the sugar, carb, and calorie content in these drinks can add up quickly. This is true for both homemade and manufactured healthy drinks. Sports drinks are typically a go-to for after a workout. It is important to watch the calorie and sugar content in these drinks because they can impede your weight loss goals quickly. Some forms of these sports drinks can reach up to 8 teaspoons of sugar in a bottle. Unless you are doing intense exercise where you are losing significant amounts of electrolytes it may be more beneficial to stick with water for hydration. Always check the nutrition label on pre-packaged bottled smoothies. Their carbohydrate, sugar, and calories can add up quickly in an attempt to increase flavor and texture."

Joanna Wen, a certified weight loss coach with Spices & Greens says, "Visceral fat is more difficult to lose than subcutaneous fat because it is more metabolically active. However, there are some telltale signs that you may be losing visceral fat. For example, you may notice that your clothes are fitting more loosely around your waist or that you have more energy. You may also notice that your skin appears more toned and that you have less bloating after eating."

Probst adds, "An indicator that visceral fat may be decreasing is to check your waist circumference to see if it's getting smaller. A normal waist circumference is under 40 inches (102 cm) for men and under 35 inches (88 cm) for women."

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Oct 12

5 Simple Diets To Lose Weight And Improve Your Health – IWMBuzz

If youve been attempting to lose weight, youre probably sick of hearing general suggestions like, Eat healthier. What does that even imply, in all honesty? Additionally, there are a variety of fraudulent weight reduction solutions available that promise to assist you in losing weight quickly. First and foremost, you should never set weight loss as your only objective. The optimum outcome must be weight loss in addition to an increase in general health and fitness. You may lose weight and improve your overall health with the 5 really simple diet programs that are listed here.

1. Vegetarian diets

One of the simplest diets is a flexitarian one, sometimes known as a plant-based diet. The two most common types of plant-based diets are vegetarian and vegan diets. Avoiding animal products and byproducts is the main objective.

2. Alternate-day fasting

Its possible that you have heard about intermittent fasting if you have been seeking for weight-loss diet programs. This eating plan alternates between periods of fasting and eating. Intermittent fasting comes in a variety of forms.

3.Low-carbohydrate diets

Low-carb diets are among the most popular weight-loss diets available today. Low-carb diets come in a variety of forms.

4.The DASH diet

The Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet,sometimes referred to as the DASH diet, is a systematic eating plan that is especially created for the treatment and prevention of high blood pressure, usually referred to as hypertension.

5.The Mediterranean eating plan

The Mediterranean diet is the best option if youre seeking for a weight-loss and health-boosting diet. This diet is great for boosting immunity, extending life, and giving you a healthy, well-fed bodyin addition to helping you control your weight.

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Also Read: I dealt with hormonal issues, couldnt lose weight earlier even when I wanted Vidya Balan at IAA Voice Of Change event

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Oct 12

Weight Loss And Size Not Confined To Just Women Actors In Hollywood – Asiana Times

source: distractify.com

We have often heard tales from Hollywood female actors about their struggle with weight loss as they are expected to look a certain way and be a certain size. Female actors have been told by directors and agents to lose weight if they want to thrive in the business. Women actors have always had to bear the brunt of shame and unpopularity if they did not adhere to such regulations and expectancy as put forth by the industry.

So far as physicality is concerned, women actors and women in general are scoffed at for being large or of a larger size. This mentality of weight loss mania has had a lasting impact on the world. It has influenced, some may say even negatively, a lot of mindsets and has restricted positive growth and progressiveness. Over the years, we have only mostly heard weight loss stories from a womans perspective. Little did we know that this prerequisite of Hollywood did not only pertain to women, but men in Hollywood too. Dwayne Johnson, actor and former professional wrestler, is one such victim of Hollywoods obsession with weight loss.

Dwayne Johnson, better known across the world as The Rock, is an American actor, producer, businessman, and former professional wrestler. Born on May 2, 1972, in Hayward, California, USA, he made his debut in 1996 as a wrestler for World Wrestling Entertainment (WWE) and quickly became a fan favorite.After his retirement as a professional wrestler, Dwayne Johnson started a career in acting. Presently, Dwayne Johnson is an established actor and producer. He has starred in multiple box office hits like The Scorpion King (2002), Baywatch (2017), lent his voice to the Disney animated movie, Moana as Maui, the demigod (2016), and is also a part of the Fast and Furious franchise. Johnson is currently promoting his latest project, Black Adam, under Warner Bros. Pictures, which is anticipated to come to theatres on October 21, 2022.

In a recent interview with CBS, Johnson talked about the challenges he faced when he wanted to enter Hollywood and start acting in films. Johnson revealed to CBS host Tracy that he was coerced into losing weight to look smaller and to maintain his weight at a much more desirable size. He further added that he took the advice and began his weight loss journey in order to get into movies. Johnson stated that he felt uneasy and wasnt comfortable with the idea of losing weight for him to nab a job. He spoke about how he was also asked to change his name and forget about his other alias, The Rock. He claimed that he was pressured and demanded to stop talking about his career as a professional wrestler and to stop identifying himself as the Rock if he wanted to be successful in Hollywood. Subsequently, when he was asked by Tracy as to how he felt when he let go of all expectations and started being himself, Johnson responded by saying that he felt liberated and stated that since he had no one to validate himself to, the people in the industry itself came to accept him as he is and all that he has accomplished in life right to the very moment of him being interviewed by Tracy, it was because he stood his ground and committed to self-acceptance.

Upon hearing Dwayne Johnsons story and the struggle he had with weight loss, it is baffling to see that men in Hollywood also go through such vile expectations. We are rarely informed of instances where men are asked to lose weight and look thinner in order to secure a role in a movie. It is always the female actors that are put in question when it comes to issues relating to weight, especially in the entertainment business. The incident with Dwayne Johnson is a regretful one, but along with it being regretful is also the insight that we, as an audience, obtain. The idea that Hollywood would ask a man to lose weight is as confounding as hearing a wolf or a dog cluck. Nonetheless, this insightful interview of Dwayne Johnson with CBS is key to changing the perception of the audience, viewers, and fans across the world. Hollywood caters to the demands of its audience; hence it is the viewers obligation to put an end to body shaming and unnecessary weight loss. They hold the command.

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Oct 12

What science says about the fat burners and other gimmicks Oz promoted on his TV show – The Philadelphia Inquirer

Before he was the Republican candidate for Pennsylvanias open U.S. Senate seat, Mehmet Oz was a celebrity heart surgeon with a line of communication into thousands of households.

His popular television program, The Dr. Oz Show, sometimes promoted well-accepted health advice for instance, he once hosted a renowned scientist to debunk the myth that the mRNA COVID-19 vaccines alter our DNA.

But other times, he used his platform to offer misleading or downright untrue medical advice.

His past claims about fat-burning supplements and weight-loss miracle drugs have drawn criticism from doctors, patient advocates, and political opponents.

Oz exploited the hopes and fears of his viewers by promoting unproven, ill-advised, and at times potentially dangerous treatments, wrote one such group, Real Doctors Against Oz, in an open letter posted online in August and updated earlier this week. The group of doctors, has been campaigning for Ozs Democratic opponent, John Fetterman.

Rachel Tripp, a spokesperson for Oz, dismissed challenges to his medical expertise.

He has designed devices that have made healthcare more affordable and safer, written eight New York Times best sellers, and hosted the number one health show in the world, which has inspired millions to take charge of their healthcare, Tripp said in an email. John Fetterman is a radical liberal supporting government takeover of healthcare.

Here are some of the claims that have earned the Penn-educated, NY Presbyterian-Columbia Medical Center cardiothoracic surgeon such notoriety:

Oz was among the medical experts to tout hydroxychloroquine, the malaria drug pushed by former President Donald Trump as a treatment for COVID-19, despite insufficient evidence. After studies found the drug did not provide any benefit for treating COVID-19, Oz dialed back his endorsement, saying people should wait for more substantial evidence from trials.

A congressional report released in August mentions Ozs advocacy for hydroxychloroquine, and details emails he sent to senior White House officials, including Trumps son-in-law and adviser, Jared Kushner, urging them to push the Food and Drug Administration for studies of the drug in 2020.

Oz also owns shares of the companies that were supplying hydroxychloroquine, CNBC reported in September.

Oz featured several products on his show purported to melt belly fat with little evidence that they work. In 2014, he was hauled into a U.S. Senate panel hearing to address his claims that green coffee extract was a miracle weight-loss supplement.

Companies that made the supplements used their spots on Ozs show to further promote their products.

Oz told senators he promoted such products because he felt his job was to be a cheerleader for the audience.

When they dont think they have hope, when they dont think they can make it happen, I look everywhere, including in alternative healing traditions, for any evidence that might be supportive to them, he said.

A small study in India suggested the extract helped people lose weight quickly, but it was later retracted after a Federal Trade Commission complaint that the green coffee manufacturer Applied Food Sciences had paid researchers to conduct the study and that data had been manipulated.

Companies that advertised green coffees weight-loss benefits based on the flawed study agreed to a $9 million settlement with the FTC to refund 200,000 consumers who had bought the products based on false advertising.

Oz also helped popularize a supplement made from garcinia cambogia, a tropical fruit that resembles a small, yellow pumpkin. The hydroxycitric acid found in the fruits rind is supposed to slow fat buildup and increase serotonin, making people feel less hungry. But studies have not found the extract to have any significant effect on weight loss.

Regardless, Oz promoted the product on his show as a revolutionary fat buster that could help people lose weight without diet or exercise.

Ozs financial disclosures have shown he has ties to some of the supplements he promoted on his show. In a 2015 letter urging Columbia University to rescind Ozs faculty appointment, a group of doctors accused him of an egregious lack of integrity by promoting quack treatments and cures in the interest of personal financial gain. The letter did not offer any evidence that Oz accepted money in exchange for promoting a product, and the television host has said he did not earn a commission from any product featured on his show.

READ MORE: What are supervised injection sites, and why are they an issue in Pennsylvanias U.S. Senate race?

Oz came to Philadelphia in 2017 to film a segment on the citys El Campamento, a former heroin camp along a Conrail-owned strip of land in Kensington. He called the camp the festering epicenter of the heroin crisis, drawing national attention and outrage. Later that summer, Philadelphia officials dismantled the encampment but residents and advocates criticized the clearance, saying the city didnt offer people with addiction adequate treatment or housing options, and contending the clearance contributed to larger, more visible encampments throughout the neighborhood.

Oz returned to Kensington in September, during a campaign stop in Philadelphia. He plucked a needle off the sidewalk, rhetorically asked where the police were and if theyre allowed to do their job, and left with four people from the neighborhood to take them to a treatment center that provides detox services.

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Oct 12

Midterm attacks: Herschel Walker hit on abortion payment report, Dr. Oz on alleged quackery – FOX Bangor/ABC 7 News and Stories

Wednesday, October 5, 2022 3:12

The final weeks of a midterm campaign is when everyone, from political operatives to media outlets, drops their worst oppo. Thats when voters are paying the most attention and when a competitive race can break a certain way. Thats especially true with this falls Senate races, where a single battleground state may determine whether Mitch McConnell becomes majority leader again. The contest in Georgia just got rocked by a new round of accusations against Herschel Walker, which he denies. The former football star, challenging Democratic Sen. Raphael Warnock, has already survived a negative onslaught that would sink almost any other candidate. These range from an ex-wife charging threats and abuse to the emergence of previously unannounced children by a man whos crusaded for black fathers to do their duty. Hes tried to lighten this baggage by admitting to past mistakes and mental health problems, and at times has been in a statistical tie with Warnock. Now comes an allegation that is very difficult to explain away. TRUMP, MCCONNELL, EXTREME INSULTS AND A CLIMATE VIOLENCE Walker is 100% pro-life and would ban abortion in his state, likening it to murder, with no exceptions. So charges of hypocrisy took center stage when the Daily Beast reported an accusation by an ex-girlfriend that Walker paid for her abortion in 2009. He denies, this, calling it a flat-out lie. Heres the evidence involving the woman, who was not named: She supported these claims with a $575 receipt from the abortion clinic, a get well card from Walker, and a bank deposit receipt that included an image of a signed $700 personal check from Walker. The woman said there was a $125 difference because she ball-parked the cost of an abortion after Googling the procedure and added on expenses such as travel and recovery costs. Additionally, The Daily Beast independently corroborated details of the womans claims with a close friend she told at the time and who, according to the woman and the friend, took care of her in the days after the procedure. The woman said Walker, who was not married at the time, told her it would be more convenient to terminate the pregnancy, saying it was not the right time for him to have a child. Asked about the check by Fox News Sean Hannity, Walker said: I send money to a lot of people. I believe in being generous. Sorry, but thats a really weak response. What are the odds that a woman that Walker chose to be generous with just happens to be the one saying he paid for her abortion, and has a receipt from the clinic? And there is a one-two punch here, with Walkers 23-year-old son Christian, who has defended his father and campaigned with him, suddenly turning on him. Youre not a family man when you left us to bang a bunch of women, threatened to kill us, and had us move over 6 times in 6 months running from your violence, he tweeted. Herschel Walker responded: I LOVE my son no matter what. That brought even stronger language from Christian, with a tweet he later deleted: You have 4 kids that we know of and you werent in the house raising ONE of them, you were out cheating and lying. If you loved your kids youd be raising them instead of running for a senate race to boost your ego. Whats more, Christian said family members had discouraged his dad from running for the Senate because we all knew (some of) his past. There is something about a son turning on a father that feels more dramatic and persuasive than allegations from an ex-wife, which might be written off as the product of a bitter divorce. Christians mother, Cindy Grossman, has spoken of the time that Herschel held the gun to my temple and said he was going to blow my brains out. Grossman, who was married to him for two decades, has made an ad with such graphic allegations. Football legend or not, Walkers going to have a hard time outrunning the abortion allegation. In the Senate race in another battleground state, Pennsylvania, Dr. Oz trails Democrat and stroke victim John Fetterman by a half-dozen points in most polls. Oz isnow being hit with one allegation I view as totally fair game and another that decidedly is not. WHEN A MAJOR HURRICANE COLLIDES WITH OTHER NEWS, THE STORM PREVAILS The Washington Post leads off its piece this way: Mehmet Oz looked directly into the camera and introduced his daytime television viewers to a controversial weight loss approach: taking a hormone that women produce during pregnancy combined with a diet of 500 calories a day. Does it really work? Is it safe? Is it a miracle? Or is it hype? he asked in a 2011 episode of The Dr. Oz Show before introducing his audience to human chorionic gonadotropin, or HCG, and to a weight loss doctor who promoted it. In fact, there was little uncertain about the HCG Diet. Numerous studies conducted years before Ozs show had shown that the fertility drug does not cause weight loss, redistribute fat or suppress hunger. Ten months later, the Food and Drug Administration warned seven companies marketing HCG products they were violating the law by making such claims, and the agency issued additional warnings to consumers in subsequent years. Nevertheless, Oz revisited the topic in 2012, providing a platform for the same weight loss doctor, who claimed that HCG worked. There are other examples, and the reason this is legitimate is that Ozs controversial promotions were debated for years when he was just a television celebrity. And that role, of course, formed the basis of his candidacy, that he was a successful entrepreneur who could be trusted. An Oz spokesman said the show was designed to present all kinds of views, and its idiotic and preposterous to imply that the doctor shared those beliefs. Which brings us to yesterday, when NBC used its website to promote anti-Oz piece that is, quite simply, outrageous: From 1989 to 2010, research by Dr. Mehmet Oz the television personality and Republican Senate candidate in Pennsylvania inflicted suffering on and killed over 300 dogs, 31 pigs and 661 rabbits and rodents. It was during Ozs time as a principal investigator at a Columbia University lab. The report was attributed to the website Jezebel. This is a ridiculous cheap shot, written by a professor with an obvious agenda, that implies Oz was some ghoulish dog-killer. The truth is that all doctors, scientists and researchers rely on animal testing when it comes to new drugs. Actually, its even worse: They are required by law to perform animal testing. SUBSCRIBE TO HOWIES MEDIA BUZZMETER PODCAST, A RIFF ON THE DAYS HOTTEST STORIES Oz is no different than all of his colleagues in the field. Now the deaths of these animals is of course regrettable, but the alternative testing potentially harmful drugs on humans is unthinkable. The activist professor, Brian Kateman, heads a foundation dedicated to reducing consumption of animal products. He sees irony in the Senate last week passing a new FDA law updated from 1938 that would eliminate the animal testing requirement. Thats a separate debate. But you cant turn around and demonize a doctor who was following a decades-old law just like everyone else in his field. This is just the beginning of the hit pieces and oppo research dumps and well see whether theyre mainly aimed at one political party.

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Oct 12

Which diet and health habits are backed by science? Now there’s a tool for that – STAT

Does eating red meat increase ones risk of heart disease? Would eating more vegetables help? Is leaving high blood pressure untreated really a death wish? The answers might vary, depending on who a person asks, which friend or TikTok nurse, and when. Researchers at the University of Washington want to make it easier to find current, evidence-based health advice.

A new tool from the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, unveiled Monday in Nature Medicine, uses a 5-star rating system to show how much evidence exists to support some diet and lifestyle changes. The researchers analyzed hundreds of studies in hopes of helping consumers, clinicians and policymakers awash in a landscape of wellness influencers, food lobbyists and quack advice cut through the chatter and know the scientific consensus. The result is what they are calling the Burden of Proof studies, since its on the research to prove something is legitimate.

Other such reviews exist, the Cochrane Library being a repository of many of them. This new tool, the authors say, is complementary to what exists, but also slightly different. Many epidemiologists assume that risk increases about the same no matter how many grams of vegetables someone eats a day, for example. Burden of Proof allows us to understand better how the risk actually changes with consumption, the authors said.

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In medicine, theres always been some skepticism about how changes to peoples behaviors can affect their long-term health, especially when it comes to recommending specific foods or activities, said Christopher Murray, senior author of the papers and founder of the IHME.

Clickbait headlines and grocery cart contents reflect the uncertainty. Cows milk is bad, and then its good. Butter nay, all fats must be gone, but then theyre back. Once the shopping cart is full, the Mediterranean, Keto, Paleo and South Beach diets compete for dominion on magazine covers in the checkout line. The peanut butter cups loom. (Is chocolate good or bad? Wait, what about peanut butter?)

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Diet research is really challenging, said Jeffrey Stanaway, assistant professor of global health and lead author on the groups analysis of vegetable health studies. It is difficult for researchers to measure how much people eat, to do so over time, and to separate their diet from other health factors (people who eat lots of fruits and vegetables are more likely to exercise, for example).

And yet, diet and other behaviors play a significant role in disease prevention. About half of the U.S. population has a chronic condition, and long-term illnesses like heart disease, diabetes and cancer are major drivers of disability and death worldwide. The vast majority of what makes you healthy happens outside the doctors office, said Georges Benjamin, executive director of the American Public Health Association.

By evaluating the available data for any link between vegetable eating and five different health outcomes, Stanaway could come to a conclusion: The evidence on vegetables is pretty good, he said. Even a conservative interpretation of the evidence, which the IHME tool uses, showed eating more vegetables is tied to a reduced risk of chronic disease, though future studies could affect that. The model is meant to be updated, and will be, as additional research becomes available, the team said.

A three-star relationship between an increase in non-starchy, fibrous vegetable consumption and ischemic stroke was the strongest link of the bunch. Data suggest increasing vegetable consumption from one to four servings per day carried about a 23% reduction in stroke risk. The analysis also showed a two-star rating for vegetable-eating and heart disease (two on the verge of three, Stanaway said). The study did not include starchy vegetables, such as potatoes, sweet potatoes or corn, and also excluded cured and pickled vegetables (kimchee, sauerkraut).

For the most part, dietary habits landed between one and three stars, indicating a need for more rigorous research. I was very surprised at how many of the diet-risk relationships were much weaker than expected, Murray said. He has a slight bit more tolerance for eating red meat after seeing those results, he said.

All evidence on red meat and its links to disease were weak. That wasnt unexpected to Benjamin, who wasnt involved in the research. The things that have always been kind of fuzzy still look kind of fuzzy, he said.

The strongest ratings on a meat-heavy diet were two stars, for colon and rectum cancer, breast cancer, ischemic heart disease and type 2 diabetes. In the case of strokes, the researchers found a diet high in red meat could actually have some protective effects, and gave that evidence one-star ratings. Low star-ratings should be seen as areas for research investment, the IHME team said a large, well-designed study on people with diets high in red meat could make a big impact.

Tobacco is often the place where all of the fiery debate comes to rest. There is wide consensus among health professionals that smoking tobacco is bad for humans. IHMEs tool found evidence for strong or very strong links across eight diseases or outcomes, including larynx cancer, aortic aneurysm, peripheral arterial disease of the lower limbs, tracheal, bronchus and lung cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and others.

It is irrefutable that tobacco is a major risk to health and really has a broad set of impacts across multiple cardiovascular and cancer outcomes, all in all, Murray said.

Still, there was less robust evidence on the connection between smoking and numerous other illnesses, including ischemic heart disease, esophageal cancer, stroke, type 2 diabetes, and others. Strangely, there was a one-star-rated link between smoking and asthma, a finding that surprised the researchers. Cannabis smoking was not included in the analysis.

The risk of ischemic heart disease was strongly linked to high systolic blood pressure a five-star rating validating both common dogma among clinicians and the IHME tools accuracy, the researchers said in a news conference.

The IHME team has already analyzed nearly 200 other risk-outcome combinations, ranging from alcohol drinking, air pollution and high body-mass index, to other diet factors, such as eating whole grains and legumes. Those results will be published in the future, Murray said.

Benjamin said it will take time for clinicians, policymakers and patients to see the value of this tool the data alone might not be enough to sway the publics understanding of risk.

Where the rating system could be useful in the long run is the doctors office, when a clinician is crafting a care plan for a patient with multiple risk factors (say, smoking, high blood pressure and low vegetable consumption). If what we know about those risks can be weighed against each other, then the doctor and patient might have a better sense of what to prioritize, Benjamin said. The less things you give people to do, the better, and the more likely they are to comply, he said.

STATs coverage of chronic health issues is supported by a grant fromBloomberg Philanthropies. Our financial supportersare not involved in any decisions about our journalism.

Get your daily dose of health and medicine every weekday with STATs free newsletter Morning Rounds.Sign up here.

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Oct 12

What Is the Longevity Diet? A Detailed Scientific Guide – Everyday Health

While theres a lack of research focusing on this specific diet plan, there is an abundance of research on plant-based eating.

There is abundant research overwhelming, in fact on the general health benefits of diverse dietary patterns that emphasize whole plant foods, Dr. Katz adds.

The other fasting-related aspects of the longevity diet fasting-mimicking and intermittent fasting are less studied. It channels the science of calorie restriction and fasting, but whether this practice, twice a year, really does translate into altered longevity for humans, independently of other factors, is, of course, unknown, says Katz. But animal research suggests this style of eating may hold promise.

In theApril 2022 issue of Cell, Longo notes that fasting-mimicking diets have been linked with metabolic and anti-inflammatory effects in mice. These results could reduce risk factors for certain diseases, he writes.

A review published in October 2021 in the Annual Review of Nutrition states that intermittent fasting patterns such as time-restricted eating (which is a part of the longevity diet) is a safe way to improve metabolic health for people who are obese. Yet the jury is out regarding other benefits. For example, one study, published in April 2022 in the New England Journal of Medicine found that a time-restricted diet was not more beneficial for weight loss in people with obesity compared to a calorie restricted diet.

Heres a snapshot of some of the possible health effects of this eating plan.

Given the name of the diet, this potential perk likely comes as no surprise. The element of the longevity diet that researchers have studied most widely is plant-based eating.

Research suggests one can boost life expectancy by 3 to 13 years by replacing the Western diet of red meat and processed foods with a diet that contains more nutrient-rich foods that include vegetables, fruits, legumes, whole grains, and nuts, explains Palumbo. The research Palumbo points to, published in February 2022 in the journal PLOS Medicine, notes that when people start the diet earlier, the gains may be even greater.

Katz, though, adds a caveat. The only evidence in direct support of longevity, per se, is observation of the links between dietary intake patterns and longevity in populations such as the blue zones, he says. There are, for obvious reasons, no intervention studies or randomized trials assessing actual longevity in humans, as such trials would span the lifetimes or more of the researchers who initiated them, and few would be willing to participate as subjects, Katz adds.

Plant-based eating, which features plenty of produce, is a smart choice for heart health. As the World Health Organization points out, heart diseases are the leading causes of death worldwide.

Areview published in February 2017 in the International Journal of Epidemiology found that five servings of vegetables and fruits a day was associated with a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease. And even more servings per day (around 10) was associated with even lower risk.

Another review of research found that the more vegetables and fruits people consumed, the lower their odds of developing cardiovascular disease, compared with people who ate only 1.5 servings of vegetables per day.

Research published in June 2022 in the European Heart Journalfound that a diet rich in potassium (from longevity dietapproved foods like avocados and salmon) was associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular events, and especially helped women who had high levels of sodium in their diet.

While fish isnt necessarily a staple in a plant-based diet, it is a feature of the longevity diet, and fish is good for the heart, research suggests. For example, a study published in June 2022 inJAHA found that 3 grams of omega-3 fatty acids daily was associated with lower blood pressure. High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a risk factor for heart disease, as the CDC notes.

Plant-based eating may help protect against cancer. In the aforementioned review in the International Journal of Epidemiology, not only did researchers find that a diet rich in fruits and veggies was associated with a lower risk of cardiovascular disease, but they also found it lowered peoples odds of cancer.

In addition, research published in February 2022 in the journal BMC Medicine found that those who ate a low-meat or meat-free diet (in this study, that was defined as meat five times or less per week) had a lower overall cancer risk than those who consumed more.

Eating ample plant-based foods, like vegetables, legumes, and nuts is a key pillar in the longevity diet. And research published in April 2022 in the journal Diabetologia suggests that a higher total fruit and vegetable intake may be associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes in men specifically (there wasnt an association with women in this particular study).

Meanwhile, a diet high in red meat and poultry may increase your risk of type 2 diabetes, research published in May 2017 in the American Journal of Epidemiology shows.

A healthy, plant-based diet may help prevent eye diseases that can come along with old age, like cataracts and macular degeneration, according toHarvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. For example, research suggests that high amounts of vegetables and fruits are associated with a lower risk of cataracts (yet there was no reduced risk for cataract extraction even among people who ate the highest amounts of fruits and vegetables). In the study, the high group of fruit and veggie eaters consumed around 10 servings a day, while the lowest group consumed about three servings each day.

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What Is the Longevity Diet? A Detailed Scientific Guide - Everyday Health

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Oct 12

Maternal diet’s effects on liver disease in offspring – ASBMB Today

More than half of people who become pregnant are overweight or obese at the time of conception, and obesity during pregnancy is associated with progeny who develop metabolic syndrome later in life.

Studies of humans and mammalian animal models have shown, for example, that high-fat diets during pregnancy and while nursing result in offspring more likely to develop nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and to have altered bile acid homeostasis.

Scientists at the Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis recently undertook a study to learn more about how maternal obesity might influence the development of cholestasis, a liver disease for which therapies are limited.

In cholestasis, bile cannot reach the duodenum, the first portion of the small intestine, where it is supposed to facilitate food digestion. The disease can be brought on by several factors, including duct obstructions or narrowing, toxic compounds, infection and inflammation, disturbance of intestinal microbiota, and genetic abnormalities.

In their study, published in the Journal of Lipid Research, Michael D. Thompson and collaborators at Washington University fed female mice conventional chow or a high-fat, high-sucrose diet and bred them with lean males.

They fed the offspring DDC, which is short for 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine, for two weeks to induce cholestasis. After this feeding period, the offspring ate conventional chow for 10 more days. They found that offspring from females on the high-fat, high-sucrose diet had increased fine branching of the bile duct and enhanced fibrotic response to DDC treatment and delayed recovery times from it.

Earlier this year, the team reported changes to offspring microbiome after maternal consumption of high-fat, high-sucrose chow, so they decided to feed antibiotic-treated mice cecal contents from the offspring that had been fed conventional chow or high-fat, high-sucrose, followed by DDC for two weeks. They found that cholestatic liver injury is transmissible in these mice models, further supporting the role of the microbiome in this disease.

For those reasons and others, a lot of research has been done and continues to this day on the effects of maternal diet on offspring.

Davidson et al./JLR

The term cholestasis is derived from the Greek phrase meaning bile halting. The graphic above shows how the researchers bred, fed and completed cecal microbiome transplantation. HF/HS is short for high-fat, high-sucrose, and DDC is short for 3,5-diethoxycarbonyl-1,4-dihydrocollidine.

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Maternal diet's effects on liver disease in offspring - ASBMB Today

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Oct 12

‘You don’t eat this’ – Haaland reveals bizarre diet behind roaring start to Man City career – Goal.com

Erling Haaland has revealed some of the food he eats to ensure his body is in perfect condition, including heart and liver.

WHAT HAPPENED? Haaland has made an electrifying start to life in the Premier League, netting 15 times already this season. The secret behind his incredible start may lie in his diet, which he disclosed recently - including eating heart!

WHAT HE SAID: In an a documentary named 'Haaland: The Big Decision' the striker revealed some of the more bizarre elements of his diet, including heart and liver. He said: "You [other people] don't eat this, but I am concerned with taking care of my body. I think eating quality food that is as local as possible is the most important. People say meat is bad for you, but which? The meat you get at McDonald's? Or the local cow eating grass right over there? I eat the heart and the liver."

THE BIGGER PICTURE: The Norwegian striker eats a home-cooked lasagne made by his dad, Alfie, before every home game, and manager Pep Guardiola joked about the meal after their victory over Southampton. He said: "We can make an offer for Erlings father to cook for us. If this is the secret of Erlings goals, I will convince [chairman] Khaldoon [Al Mubarak] to bring him here! But I dont think theres just one secret."

AND WHAT'S MORE: Haaland reportedly consumes around 6,000 calories a day to keep himself in tip-top shape. He also incorporates some rather odd practices into his daily routine, including the filtration of his water and getting sunlight in his eyes immediately after waking up. What ever he does, it seems to be working!

IN THREE PHOTOS:

WHAT NEXT FOR HAALAND? Manchester City face Copenhagen in the Champions League on October 11 before a mammoth Premier League clash against Liverpool. Haaland's first game for City was against the Reds in the Community Shield, where he was rather underwhelming, but he has since proved any doubter wrong, and probably will again on October 16.

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'You don't eat this' - Haaland reveals bizarre diet behind roaring start to Man City career - Goal.com

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Oct 12

It is not a diet, it is a problem – UTSA The Paisano

What is culture? According to the Oxford Learners Dictionary, it is the customs, arts, social institutions, and achievements, of a particular nation, people or social group. During the months of September and October, the United States celebrates National Hispanic Heritage Month to show support for the impact and contributions that Hispanic communities have made to this country. While it is important to appreciate the great food, arts, music and familia, the Hispanic community should take a step back and critically think of the impact their culinary culture has on their mental health.

In the Hispanic community, eating disorders are often neglected as a health issue and, instead, are treated like tantrums. They are swept under the rug mostly to avoid the spread of word that someone in the family is ill, or worse, crazy. There is an enormous amount of importance placed on what others will think or say rather than helping people to solve their issues, but there is also the firm, antiquated mentality of We dont talk about that nonsense. Hispanic people are taught from a young age that problems are not meant to be shared. Instead, one should silently deal with them on their own in an effort to not be a burden to others. This results in private issues evolving into generational trauma and being normalized amongst the community.

Restrictive eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia can start from a young age when girls are complimented for their small size and thinness, causing them to internalize that validation and restrict their eating habits so they can maintain their physique. But it is also often contradicted by their families when told that they should eat more because they are too thin and that nobody is going to love them. Sadly, there is an underlying cultural obsession that women should be thin and small, so they can attract a prospective husband and get married. That underlying obsession has become normalized, and in some cases encouraged, leading young women to develop an unhealthy relationship with food.

The unhealthy relationship that is created by commentary is overall an all-over-the-place contradiction that has no beginning and no end. Moms and tias are constantly judging, criticizing and scrutinizing their daughters and nieces bodies. Constant comments like eat a little less or youll get fat, are you sure you want to eat that, or have you gained weight, create food insecurity that affects self-esteem, eating habits and mental health.

While many people will dismiss the harmful comments stating that it is our culture, it does not make it okay. Once again, it creates unresolved problems that will be passed down through the generations due to a stubborn and dangerous mentality. The Hispanic community should and has been aiming to create and hold a conversation regarding these issues to create a solution in order to break that cultural aspect.

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It is not a diet, it is a problem - UTSA The Paisano

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