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Mar 20

Does caffeine affect blood sugar? A doctor unpacks a new study on the effects of caffeine levels on body fat, long term risks of diabetes – The Indian…

High levels of caffeine in the blood can keep a check on body fat, thereby reducing the drinkers risk of developing Type 2 diabetes, found a study by European researchers using genetic data of 10,000 people. The study is significant because instead of focusing on the consumption of caffeinated drinks, it focusses on how the compound is broken down by the body. The researchers found that those with low caffeine metabolism had higher levels of the compound in the blood as it took longer for them to process it and had consequently lower body mass index (BMI). Dr Ambrish Mithal, Chairman of Endocrinology and Diabetes at Max Healthcare, feels the study opens up a new avenue for research but warns that it is not evidence for one to increase their coffee or tea consumption.

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What is the link between caffeine and diabetes?Caffeine consumption has always been linked to weight loss. That is the reason you see all sorts of weight loss pills and fads containing caffeine. What this study has done, however, is take the link a step further to say higher blood caffeine content reduces the risk of Type 2 diabetes.

The researchers have used genetic markers of caffeine metabolism and have used a method called Mandelion randomisation. This is one step ahead of observational studies that tracked coffee consumption and diabetes risk to establish a link between the two but is one step behind a randomised control trial that can prove that one causes the other.

The finding that caffeine metabolism is linked to lower body mass index is not surprising. And, since obesity is one of the major risk factors for Type 2 diabetes, having a lower BMI would of course reduce the risk for it. But what researchers have found is that only 50 per cent of this risk reduction is because of the lower BMI. What causes the other 50 per cent reduction in risk we dont know. And, that is where more studies are needed.

Does caffeine really lead to weight loss?

Caffeine increases the energy expenditure of the body and thereby promotes weight loss. What we know so far is that consuming 100 mg of caffeine a day can increase the energy expenditure of a person by 100 calories a day. This is actually quite high a person uses up only about 200 calories even when they do a rigorous workout.

Does this mean that increasing coffee consumption can prevent diabetes?

Absolutely not. First, the study is talking about caffeine metabolism and not the amount consumed. Second, going overboard with caffeinated drinks can lead to a host of other problems. It can increase a persons heart rate, lead to anxiety and restlessness, cause tremors of the hand, insomnia and headaches. Besides, drinking it with sugar can do more harm than good.

How much coffee or tea is too much?

So, a big cup of black coffee contains about 100 mg of caffeine. And tea contains about one-third to half that quantity, depending on the kind of tea being consumed. An average Indian adult can have about 300 mg of caffeine a day. So, that would mean around three cups of coffee. But this does not mean people should increase their intake if they drink less. Also, if people already suffer from anxiety or are prone to increased heart rate, they should restrict their consumption to about 200 mg of caffeine a day. Instead of focusing on drinking more coffee and tea, working on lifestyle changes would be better to control weight and keep diabetes at bay.

What are the changes that people should focus on?

As I said earlier, obesity is one of the major risk factors for Type 2 diabetes. So if people keep their weight in check, they reduce their risk of the disease significantly. Maintaining body weight is a combination of diet and exercise. Along with regular exercise, you must cut down on refined carbohydrates, increase fibre and protein intake and keep the total calories under control.

Why Dr Mithal?

Dr Mithal is Chairman of Endocrinology and Diabetes at Max Healthcare. He has won numerous awards, including the highest award for physicians, Dr BC Roy award. He has also received the third highest civilian award, Padma Bhushan, for his contribution to the field of endocrinology. He was appointed as one of the domain experts in the governments National Health Authority, the body implementing Ayushman Bharat insurance scheme.

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First published on: 17-03-2023 at 17:31 IST

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Does caffeine affect blood sugar? A doctor unpacks a new study on the effects of caffeine levels on body fat, long term risks of diabetes - The Indian...

Mar 12

Long-term weight loss could be linked to how far you live from a food store – Business Insider India

Columbus [Ohio], March 9 (ANI): According to new research, being able to walk to a nearby food retail shop may be a key determinant in long-term weight loss following bariatric surgery.Nevertheless, researchers discovered that merely residing near a food shop isn't a surefire route to long-term weight loss, especially if the market serves largely processed convenience foods.

The findings were published in Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases and Obesity Surgery.

A closer look at store products affected whether that proximity was beneficial, showing that living within a five-minute walk of a store with a low-quality selection of foods was actually linked to less weight loss at the two-year post-operative point.

The research team examined neighborhood characteristics and other social determinants of health that may help or hinder continued weight loss in the two years after bariatric surgery.

The analysis included select data from the electronic health records of all patients who received bariatric surgery at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center from 2015 to 2019 in Franklin County, Ohio. Data included race, insurance type, procedure and percentage of total weight loss from two to 24 months after surgery.

Researchers combined health records with census and county data, which enabled the team to count not just the number of food stores, parks/recreational areas and fitness facilities in the county, but precisely where they were relative to patients' home addresses.

Bariatric surgery reduces the size of the stomach and leads to rapid weight loss, which requires patients to initially eat a soft diet in small quantities and gradually transition back to a more varied diet, being coached for six months by a dietitian and nurse practitioner.

Previous research has shown that living in healthier areas has helped people manage their weight, but very few studies had looked at the social determinants of health that affect patients who have had a significant surgery to achieve their weight loss, she said.

The patient sample consisted of 772 patients who had undergone one of two types of stomach-reduction surgery. Of those, 60% were white and 82% were women.

The initial study found that while Black surgery patients had higher levels of poverty and unemployment than white patients, consistent with previous studies, those variables did not negatively affect weight loss outcomes. Nor did living near open spaces or fitness and recreation facilities.

Access to a higher number of food stores within a 10-minute walk was linked to a greater percentage of weight loss among all patients. But there was some nuance: Black patients with access to a higher number of food stores within a 10-minute walk experienced greater weight loss over two years. For white patients, the best distance for sustained weight-loss was a five-minute walk from stores.

For all patients, living within a five- or 10-minute walk from moderate- or high-diversity stores had no effect on weight loss, but having one low-diversity store within a five-minute walk or up to two low-diversity stores 10 minutes away was linked to less sustained weight loss.

The researchers noted that living near these stores was not an indicator that patients actually shopped at the markets closest to their homes - but the nature of the most available food stores could be an indicator of larger economic forces at play.

"The real goal is to figure out how to make linkages from the clinic to the community and the community to the clinic," Pratt said, suggesting Ohio State could partner with stores to upgrade their food selection and with fitness facilities to provide patient discounts.

"This is really a starting point to figuring out how we can aid patients in Franklin County and, eventually, beyond, to make sure post-operative weight loss is equitable, and the resources are equitable, for all patients following surgery."

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Long-term weight loss could be linked to how far you live from a food store - Business Insider India

Mar 12

6 healthy habits to maintain your weight loss success – Health shots

Your weight loss journey was a success but what do you do to make sure you dont gain weight again? Heres how to maintain weight loss.

Congratulations on achieving your weight loss goal! But what now? The real struggle begins. You need to make sure you dont gain it all back by staying consistent to the habits that helped you lose weight. Some people say that they find it more difficult to maintain their weight as opposed to losing it in the first place. So, here we some essential tips to help you maintain your weight loss.

Maintaining weight loss requires commitment, dedication and a positive mindset. By setting realistic goals, tracking your progress, making healthy choices, staying active, getting enough sleep, staying hydrated, and staying positive, you can achieve long-term weight loss success. Remember to be patient, stay focused, and celebrate your successes along the way.

You must have made a routine of exercising to have lost weight. Ensure that you continue with it. Regular physical activity is essential for maintaining weight loss. Aim for at least 30 minutes of exercise such as walking, jogging, or cycling every day. Incorporate strength training exercises to build muscle and increase metabolism.

Avoid opting for crazy crash diets that will make you starve as those are very hard to follow for a longer time period. Instead, focus on eating small portions and make healthy food choices. Include whole foods that are high in nutrients and low in calories. Incorporate fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, and whole grains into your diet. Avoid processed foods and sugary drinks as much as possible.

Maintaining weight loss requires a positive mindset. Celebrate your successes and dont dwell on setbacks. Having minor setbacks is normal but dont let them affect you mentally and try to jump back to your routine as quickly as possible. Remember that weight loss is a journey, and it may take time to achieve your goals. Stay motivated and keep moving forward.

Tracking your progress is essential for maintaining weight loss. Keep a food journal to track your daily food intake and exercise routines. This will help you stay accountable and make adjustments when necessary. You can also track your weight and body measurements to monitor your progress. This will give you a sense of achievement and motivate you to follow your health routine.

One of the most important things to keep in mind when maintaining weight loss is to set realistic goals. It is easy to get caught up in the excitement of losing weight and set unattainable goals that may be difficult to maintain in the long term. Instead, set realistic goals that are achievable and sustainable. This will help you to stay motivated and focused in maintaining your weight loss.

In general, try to pick healthy habits like getting a good amount of sleep. 6-8 hours of sleep is a must to avoid stress which can eventually lead to weight gain. Also, try to stay hydrated and drink at least 8 glasses of water per day. These might seem like insignificant points but they are in fact most essential when it comes to maintaining your weight.

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6 healthy habits to maintain your weight loss success - Health shots

Mar 12

A low-carb diet may help lower death risk in type 2 diabetes – Medical News Today

Diabetes management involves looking at multiple aspects of health, including diet and exercise levels. People with diabetes can work with their doctors and other specialists to create a treatment plan that fits their needs.

Researchers are still working to understand what diet choices align with the best outcomes for people with diabetes. One area of interest is the intake of carbohydrates in the diet.

A recent study published in Diabetes Care found that following a low-carbohydrate diet may benefit people with type 2 diabetes.

Researchers found that following a low carbohydrate diet with high-quality macronutrients was associated with a lower mortality risk among people with type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes is a chronic condition that involves irregularities with the hormone insulin. In someone without diabetes, the body releases insulin so that the glucose from food can enter the bodys cells. From here, the cells can use the glucose for energy.

In someone with diabetes, the bodys response to or the amount of insulin changes. Glucose remains in the bloodstream at higher levels than in people without diabetes.

Diabetes can lead to long-term complications, so people with diabetes need to take proper management steps. A key component of diabetes management is diet.

Carbohydrates break down to glucose, meaning that people with diabetes need to be aware of the carbohydrates consumed and how they can impact blood glucose levels.

Registered dietitian and certified diabetes care and education specialist Nicole Anziani, at Cecelia Health in New York, not involved in the recent study, explained to Medical News Today:

Carbohydrates impact blood sugar levels. Maintaining blood sugar levels by promoting a greater percentage of time in range, without large spikes, helps those living with diabetes stay healthier longer by preventing or delaying diabetes-related complications such as kidney disease, blindness, nerve damage, and blood vessel disease that can lead to heart attacks, strokes, and amputations.

She added that consuming healthy carbohydrates like whole grains, fruits, and vegetables is an important part of a healthy eating plan because they can provide both energy and nutrients, such as vitamins and minerals, and fiber.

The new study looked at low-carbohydrate diets, their macronutrient quality, and associated mortality among adults with type 2 diabetes.

Researchers included participants from the Nurses Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. Their analysis included over 10,000 participants.

Researchers looked at diet in relation to all-cause mortality and mortality from cardiovascular disease and cancer. Diet was assessed for several factors, including carbohydrate intake amounts and the quality of macronutrients.

The researchers created a scoring system to look at different low-carbohydrate diets, including low-carb diets focusing on vegetables or animals and low-carbohydrate diets that were healthy or unhealthy.

The study found that adhering to a low-carbohydrate diet was associated with lower all-cause mortality. However, the benefits of adhering to a healthy, plant-based, low-carbohydrate diet were the most pronounced. This diet option was associated with lower all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality.

Study author Dr. Yang Hu explained the key study findings to MNT:

Our study shows that among people with established type 2 diabetes, a low-carbohydrate diet may have differential health effects on mortality depending on its composition. Our analysis suggested that only low-carbohydrate diets that emphasize plant-sourced fat, plant-based protein, and high-quality carbohydrates, such as those from whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, were associated with significantly lower overall, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality.

Clinicians may find our results useful when providing dietary recommendations to diabetes patients, he noted.

The researchers found that the benefits of following this diet may be most pronounced for those who follow certain lifestyle practices, including not smoking, engaging in moderate to vigorous exercise, and moderate alcohol consumption.

Anziani also commented that: The studys conclusion that following a healthier [low-carb diet] pattern has significant benefits in regard to mortality levels for patients with type 2 diabetes is compelling and can help providers design dietary protocols for their patients that benefits them both short- and long-term.

This study did have several limitations. Firstly, the study does not show a causal relationship between the factors the researchers studied.

Secondly, the researchers acknowledge that people who adhered to a low-carb diet may have been more likely to incorporate other healthy practices like properly taking medications.

Thirdly, the average people who consumed a low-carb diet in the study still got between 30-40% of their energy intake from carbohydrates.

Thus, the researchers caution that the results may not apply to very low carbohydrate diets. Data did rely on participant reporting, which does introduce the possibility for errors in data collection.

Finally, researchers were limited by their sample, which was health professionals of European ancestry. Further studies could include more participant diversity to make findings more generalizable.

Although our study examined the health effects of low-carb diets in people with diabetes, whether healthy low-carb diets could help prevent the development of major cardiometabolic disease including type 2 diabetes and coronary heart disease in the general population is still not clear, Dr. Hu noted.

It is also of great interest for future studies to assess the associations between long-term adherence to low-carb diets and weight change, because the low-carb diet is often promoted as an effective diet pattern for weight loss, he added.

Ultimately, diabetes management involves careful work with professionals to ensure the best possible health outcomes.

Registered dietitian and nutrition consultant at Lasta, Barbara Kovalenko, not involved in the study, offered the following words of caution to MNT:

Its important to note that more research is needed to confirm this studys findings and to investigate the long-term effects of low-carbohydrate diets on health outcomes in people with type 2 diabetes. Additionally, when making dietary changes, it is critical to consult with a healthcare professional or registered dietitian to ensure that nutritional needs are met and medications are managed appropriately.

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A low-carb diet may help lower death risk in type 2 diabetes - Medical News Today

Mar 12

Top 7 Best Weight Loss Pills – The Times of Israel

Weight loss or diet pills are supplements designed to aid in weight loss. They come in various forms, such as prescription weight loss drugs, over-the-counter supplements, and herbal remedies. Most weight loss pills are intended to be used alongside a healthy diet and exercise program, as they are not a substitute for a healthy lifestyle.

The best weight loss pill works by suppressing appetite, increasing metabolism, or blocking fat absorption. Some prescription weight loss pills are stimulants that reduce hunger and increase energy. Others work by blocking fat absorption in the digestive tract and reducing calorie intake.

Over-the-counter weight loss pills and herbal remedies often contain natural ingredients such as caffeine, green tea extract, and green coffee bean extract, which have been shown to increase metabolism, reduce appetite, and burn fat.

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Let us now have a look at some of the best weight loss pills that have been making quite the noise in 2023:

Alpilean is one of the best weight loss pills in the health market. Its all-natural formula that induces your inner body temperature helps you burn fat effectively and naturally. According to its creators, Zach Miller and Dr. Matthew Gibbs, the prescription weight loss pills have been formulated in an FDA-approved facility. Hence, they are entirely safe for your consumption.

Benefits Of Consuming Alpilean

How To Consume Alpilean?As per the official website, you should take one capsule of the weight loss pill with a big glass of cold water. There is no specific time for its consumption, as its unique and effective blend helps burn fat even when sleeping.

All you need to do is regularly consume the best weight loss supplement. Ensure to back it up with a low-fat diet and regular workout routine for the best results.

Customer Reviews Of AlpileanGrant writes,

I had tried everything, literally every weight loss diet and plan out there, and I barely lost a pound. But then I saw the Alpilean video, and it all clicked. I have now lost 28 pounds. I am eating normally but losing more weight than when I was starving myself! I breathe easier, and my snoring has stopped, so my wife is happier. I feel a million times more like the dad and husband I should be.


Exipure is one of the most popular natural weight loss pills that consists of ingredients that have been clinically approved for increasing the percentage of brown fatty tissues in your body. It works on the fat metabolism or burning theory, which converts fat into energy.

Created by Dr. James Wilkens and Dr. Lam Jack Barrett, the natural weight loss pills are GMP-certified and formulated under stringent conditions.

Benefits Of Consuming Exipure

How To Consume Exipure?As instructed on the official website, you should take one diet pill with a big cold glass of water. Like Alpilean, there is no particular time to consume the weight loss pill as its unique blend will effectively induce fat loss even when sleeping.

All you need to do is back up this weight-loss drug with a healthy diet and regular exercise. Also, consult a professional physician before taking the weight loss pills if you are on other medications.

Customer Reviews Of ExipureLauren from the USA writes in her Exipure review,

I never used to leave the house, worried about not fitting into chairs or public transport. Now after trying Exipure, I am down 35 lbs! I feel and look amazing. My energy levels are through the roof, and I regularly use the bus and try on slim clothes and shop in the mall stress-free. Thank you so much!


Protetox is one of the natural weight loss supplements formulated with clinically researched powerful antioxidants. This unique formula supports losing body weight by inducing fat loss and maintains the bodys natural ability to stay healthy.

It is antibiotic-free, gluten-free, and also GMP-certified. Hence, in addition to fat burning, your safety has been ensured.

Benefits Of Consuming Protetox

How To Consume Protetox?As per the official website, you should take one diet pill every evening with a half glass of water. Protetox is one of the most effective weight loss pills on the market, and you will be able to see the difference in your body mass index within a few weeks of intake.

If you have a pre-existing medical condition, consult a doctor before taking weight loss pills.

Customer Reviews Of ProtetoxThere are many positive reviews about this best weight loss pill on its official website and all over the internet. It is among the most recommended, and the credit goes to its all-natural formula and effective results. Hundreds of happy consumers tried diet pills and saw a massive difference in their body weight.


PhenQ has been around the market for a long time and has been labeled one of the best weight loss pills by its 1,90,000+ consumers. It is a prescription weight loss drug that uses high-quality ingredients like dietary fiber to help you lose weight and live a healthy life.

Benefits Of Consuming PhenQ

How To Consume PhenQ?As per the official website, you should take one diet pill with your breakfast and another with your lunch. It is strictly advised not to exceed the recommended dosage as the formula contains caffeine which can be a negative trigger to many out there if taken in excess.

Also, if you have some pre-existing medical condition or are already on some other medication, consult a professional physician before you begin with the fat-burning pills.

Customer Reviews Of PhenQNicola S. writes,

PhenQ is the only slimming aid which actually delivers visible results. I have never been happier and more confident. If I can do it, you can too!


Labeled as the most effective weight loss supplement for women, Leanbean helps restore your confidence with its unique natural formula. It burns the extra fat cells and enables you to attain your best weight by eliminating excess fat cells. Its formula contains green coffee bean extract known to boost your energy levels.

Benefits Of Consuming Leanbean

How To Consume Leanbean?As instructed on the official weight loss pill website, you should take two diet pills with water thrice daily. To get the best results, taking the pills 30 minutes before breakfast, lunch, and dinner is recommended.

You should also follow a healthy diet and exercise regularly to make your weight loss journey more accessible.

Customer Reviews Of LeanbeanAnette from Hungary writes in her Leanbean review,

With Leanbean, I never had any side effects. Even who has a really sensitive body, I never felt anything honestly. I was bloating easily, like once or twice a week, and with Leanbean, I had only one or two bloats in two months!! I was beyond impressed.


Phen24, with its formula containing green tea extract, helps remove stubborn fat from your body. Hence, it helps in losing weight naturally. Considered one of the best weight loss pills, it allows you to lose weight by helping you lose belly fat. It also effectively helps maintain the fat loss in your system and prevent excess weight gain.

Benefits Of Consuming Phen24

How To Consume Phen24?Per the products official website, you are advised to consume one diet pill from the daytime formula in the morning and take the second capsule at night from the nighttime formula before bed. You should maintain this cycle regularly to get the most out of this effective weight-loss supplement. Then you will see a big difference in your belly fat within a few weeks.

Though, consult a physician first if you have some pre-existing medical conditions.

Customer Reviews Of Phen24Several favorable reviews are available on the website of the weight loss supplement labeling Phen24 as one of the best. Many happy customers have witnessed a massive difference in their body weight and have experienced healthy blood sugar and blood pressure levels.


Leanbiome is one of the popular fat burners out there in the market known for its capability of stimulating the growth of healthy bacteria in your gut, keeping it healthy. The diet pills induce fat loss and help you lose weight naturally.

Benefits Of Consuming LeanBiome

How To Consume Leanbiome?The official website advises taking one weight loss supplement diet pill with a glass of water daily. You will see results within a month if you follow them regularly, backed by a healthy diet and exercise.

If you are already on some other medication, consult a physician before taking the diet pills.

Customer Reviews Of LeanBiomeLeanbiome has been labeled as one of the best weight loss supplements by many of its consumers out there. All the credit goes to its natural formula that helps in the growth of good gut bacteria in your system and also helps to increase fat burning. The majority of its consumers have experienced effective weight loss results within just a few weeks of intake.

Weight loss pills work in a variety of ways. Here are some of the standard mechanisms:

Appetite SuppressionMany weight loss pills work by reducing appetite, which can help reduce calorie intake. Some appetite suppressant pills contain ingredients that increase feelings of fullness, while others target hunger hormones in the body, such as ghrelin, to reduce the sensation of hunger.

Fat BlockingSome weight loss pills contain ingredients that block the absorption of fat cells in the digestive system. These pills can prevent the body from absorbing some of the calories consumed, which can lead to weight loss.

Metabolism-boostingCertain weight loss pills contain ingredients that can boost metabolism and help the body to burn stubborn body fat. These ingredients can include caffeine, green tea extract, and other thermogenic substances that raise the bodys core temperature, increasing energy expenditure.

Energy-boostingSome prescription weight loss drugs contain stimulants that can increase energy levels and reduce fatigue. This can make exercising and burning fat more accessible, leading to weight loss.

There are hundreds of dietary supplements out there regarding fat burners. They all have their benefits and unique formula for getting rid of excess weight from your body. After measuring them on various parameters below, we have listed some of the best weight loss supplements:

Type Of Ingredients UsedConsidering the types of ingredients in a weight loss pill is essential because it can affect the products effectiveness and safety. Different elements have different mechanisms of action and may interact with your body differently, leading to different outcomes.

For example, some popular weight loss pills may contain stimulants such as caffeine, which can boost metabolism and help to increase fat burning. However, stimulants can cause side effects such as jitteriness, insomnia, and increased heart rate.

Other popular weight loss pills may contain appetite suppressants such as glucomannan, which can help you feel full and reduce your calorie intake. However, appetite suppressants can cause gastrointestinal side effects such as bloating and constipation.

Furthermore, some weight loss pills may contain ingredients that have not been well-studied or may interact with medications you are taking, which could potentially cause harm.

Reading the label and researching the ingredients before buying it is essential to ensure it is safe and effective.

Brand ReputationConsidering the brand reputation before buying a weight loss pill is crucial because it can give you an idea of the quality and safety of the product. A reputable brand is more likely to have a solid commitment to quality and safety and invest in research and development to ensure that its dietary supplements are effective.

A reputable brand is also more likely to be transparent about the ingredients used in its weight loss supplements and provide accurate information about its benefits and potential side effects.

On the other hand, a brand with a poor reputation or associated with safety concerns may indicate that the product is not of high quality or may pose a risk to your health. Researching the brand and reading reviews from other customers is essential to understand their experience with the fat loss product.

Choosing a weight loss pill from a reputable brand can help you feel more confident in its safety and effectiveness and help you achieve your weight loss goals healthily and sustainably.

Presence Of StimulantsConsidering the presence of stimulants before buying a weight loss pill is important because stimuli can affect your body in several ways, some of which may be undesirable.

Stimulants like caffeine or ephedrine are often included in weight loss pills to increase metabolism, decrease appetite, and promote fat burning. While these effects may seem beneficial for removing stubborn fat, stimulants can cause side effects such as jitteriness, anxiety, insomnia, increased heart rate, and high blood pressure.

Moreover, some of the popular weight loss supplements that contain stimulants may have the potential to be addictive and may cause withdrawal symptoms if you stop taking them abruptly.

Clinically Researched FormulaConsidering if a weight loss pill has a clinically researched formula is important because it can help you make an informed decision about the products effectiveness and safety.

A clinically researched formula means that the weight loss pill has been tested in scientific studies to determine its effectiveness and safety. This can prove the weight loss pill works and is safe for use, giving you more confidence in the product.

Furthermore, a clinically researched formula can help you avoid products that make exaggerated claims about their effectiveness in burning stored fat but lack scientific evidence to support those claims.

Some weight loss pills may have ingredients that have not been well-studied or are ineffective in clinical trials, so its essential to do your research to avoid products that are unlikely to work.

Customer ReviewsCustomer reviews can give you an idea of other peoples experiences with diet pills, which can help you gauge their effectiveness in a real-world setting. For example, you can learn about how much people lose weight, how quickly they see results, and whether or not they experience any side effects.

Reading customer reviews can also help you identify potential issues or concerns with dietary supplements, such as customer service problems or the ordering process. You can also learn about the companys reputation and whether or not they stand behind its product.

Science-backed Natural Ingredients Often Used In The Best Weight Loss PillsThis section will delve into some common natural ingredients used in the best weight loss pills and answer whether they are supported with scientific evidence. We will look at herbal ingredients like green tea extract and caffeine, analyze their reported health effects, and discuss if they can help you reach your desired weight goals.

Vitamin CAccording to one study on mice, supplementing with vitamin C increased their metabolic rate. This increased metabolic rate helped them burn more calories throughout the day, leading to decreased body fat accumulation over time.

One study showed that supplementing with vitamins C (and B) helped decrease sugar cravings in women wanting to lose weight.

By reducing sugar cravings, people can frequently eat healthier food choices that lead toward sustainable weight-loss efforts instead of quick fixes based on intermittent fasting or intense exercise regimes that temporarily suppress hunger pangs caused by excessive sugar intake.

Green Tea ExtractGreen tea extract has been studied extensively for its potential to promote weight loss. It is thought to be effective in several ways:

Overall, green tea extract has been proven to be an effective tool for promoting weight loss by boosting metabolism and suppressing appetite while also providing anti-inflammatory benefits that could reduce disease risk over time.

Green Coffee Bean ExtractThe main green coffee bean extract component is chlorogenic acid (CGA). These antioxidant compounds have been found to have several potential effects on metabolic processes. Studies suggest that taking CGA supplements may increase feelings of fullness and more efficient fat metabolism by decreasing glucose absorption from the intestines into the bloodstream.

Green coffee bean extract could potentially aid moderate weight loss when combined with diet and exercise due to its compound CGA, which supports fat burning by increasing fatty acid oxidation meaning burning existing fat for energy as well as reducing fat storage by decreasing glucose absorption from the intestine into the bloodstream.

Furthermore, a study published in Lipids In Health And Disease suggests that CGA might also stimulate thermogenesis, the bodys process of burning calories by revving up metabolism while providing natural energy levels via a metabolic boost.

AshwagandhaAshwagandha is an ancient Ayurvedic herb used for centuries to support human health and well-being. It has traditionally been used as a general tonic to improve energy levels and reduce fatigue. More recently, research suggests it may also help reduce body fat and support healthy weight management.

Studies have shown chronic stress can increase cravings for unhealthy snack foods and binge eating. If left unchecked, these behaviors may contribute to long-term weight gain. Ashwagandha has been found to reduce cortisol levels in the body, which reduces our drive for comfort food and minimizes stressful eating habits.

This can then lead to a reduction in overall calorie intake which is beneficial for both short-term and long-term weight loss goals.

Another way ashwagandha might promote weight management is by boosting your metabolism. Studies demonstrate that ashwagandha may increase your metabolic rate to 5%, meaning youll burn more calories throughout the day as you go about your daily activities helping you stay leaner without making additional changes to your lifestyle or diet plan.

African Mango Seed ExtractAfrican mango seed extract is high in dietary fiber and contains compounds like plant proteins, sterols, and polysaccharides that help satiate hunger and reduce cravings. This extract helps keep your body full for extended periods, preventing overeating.

Additionally, it helps reduce fat absorption in food, limiting the number of calories absorbed into your body. Finally, African Mango Seed Extract also helps regulate hormones like leptin, which can help control your appetite.

The high dietary fiber content in African mango seed extract makes it ideal for reducing hunger cravings and feeling fuller for extended periods. The extracts ability to bind to nutritional fibers has been shown to slow down digestion so that you dont experience sudden drops in blood sugar levels that cause cravings for sugary snacks or meals.

Additionally, the fiber content floods your stomach faster than solid food, so you can remain satisfied between meals without turning to snacks throughout the day.

Quercetin and Other FlavonoidsOne of the main mechanisms quercetin helps promote weight loss is suppressing appetite.

A study published in the Proceedings of the Nutrition Society found that Quercetin supplementation reduced hunger levels and subjective feelings of appetite compared to placebo. This effect was associated with increased GLP-1 (glucagon-like peptide) hormone levels, suggesting a possible mechanism for its appetite-suppressing effects.

Furthermore, another diet study found that Quercetin supplementation reduced human food intake. These findings suggest that taking quercetin can help reduce calorie intake and thus contribute to overall weight loss efforts.

Quercetin may also benefit fat accumulation in the body by increasing fatty acid oxidation and preventing fat cell proliferation. A Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry study highlighted that quercetin could decrease lipid accumulation in mice fed a high-fat diet while increasing their energy expenditure rate.

GinsengGinseng has been a popular herbal supplement for centuries to promote general health and well-being. It is believed to help with weight loss because it boosts metabolism, increases energy levels, and suppresses appetite.

The active ingredients in ginseng are ginsenosides, which stimulate the bodys fat-burning processes, reduce cravings and improve digestion.

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Top 7 Best Weight Loss Pills - The Times of Israel

Mar 12

I tried intermittent fasting like Elon Musk. My weight hasn’t drastically changed, but the other benefits surprised me. – Yahoo Finance

Elon Musk said last year he lost weight through intermittent fasting and lifting weights.

He was able to lose 20 pounds but got some help from a weight-loss drug.

I tried intermittent fasting for a month, and I felt less tired and more productive at work.

Elon Musk said he lost more than 20 pounds last year by "fasting periodically," as well as taking Wegovy, Novo Nordisk's brand of semaglutide.

I didn't want to take a drug, but I decided to try intermittent fasting for a month to see if it helped me lose a few pounds too.

I talked to the fitness coach Farren Morgan, who explained that intermittent fasting focuses on when not what you eat. "By fasting for a certain number of hours as you carry out your training and daily routine, you ultimately burn more fat and prevent or reverse some diseases," he said.

Morgan recommended starting with an "easy" plan, also known as the "16:8" pattern, where you only eat within an eight-hour window. "Most people find it easy to stick to this particular fasting plan because it's achievable and sustainable long-term," he said.

There's also the "5:2" pattern, which involves eating normally five days a week but consuming as few as 500 calories on the other two days.

The most challenging plan, according to Morgan, is the "Eat Stop Eat" plan, or fasting for 24 hours once or twice a week. "Those that choose this challenging plan experience optimal regulation of their blood-sugar levels, improved cardiovascular health, reduced blood pressure and cholesterol, and changes to their metabolic functions to further weight loss," Morgan said.

Fasting beyond 24 hours at a time, however, won't help you reach your fitness goals sooner, Morgan said. "Instead, you could break down your muscle mass to store more fat in response to your starvation, which is why it is crucial to maintain a healthy and balanced diet during your eating periods."

He advised anyone considering intermittent fasting to first consult their doctor, especially if they have a preexisting medical condition.

Story continues

For my first week, I decided to follow the "16:8" pattern. The first couple of days seemed to fly by, and I wasn't feeling as hungry as I'd feared I would.

During the fasting window, you're not allowed to consume any calories, which meant no sugary drinks or vanilla lattes. I drank black coffee instead, and gallons of water.

Going to the gym seemed easy. I didn't feel weaker, so I carried on working out as normal. Musk said he lifted weights as well, so I decided to do the same.

Elon Musk worked out while intermittent fasting, so I did, too.Insider

On day three, I realized I didn't feel as bloated as I usually did. Hunger was manageable.

But I took the first week as a "trial within the trial" to gauge how challenging intermittent fasting would be. It involved making a few mistakes, like jumping on food as soon as my eating window opened.

The following days felt longer.

The "Eat Stop Eat" pattern seemed like a good challenge after a first successful week.

I decided I would stop eating for two days during that second week, picking the two days I was in the office to minimize the temptation of raiding the kitchen cupboards.

Some days, I felt like I needed something other than water. While black coffee didn't do much, it at least had some flavor.

Midway through the second week, I realized that something else had changed: I didn't feel as tired.A study published in the National Library of Medicine actually found that, for some people, intermittent fasting reduced fatigue.

The hunger, however, really kicked in at about 5:30 p.m.

After another successful week, I started feeling confident about intermittent fasting and the thought of doing so permanently crossed my mind.

I decided to mix the "16:8" pattern with "Eat Stop Eat" but I wasn't prepared for how the third week would challenge me.

Hunger was still manageable, apart from one day when every move felt like climbing Mount Everest. I still decided to go to the gym that day, which I quickly regretted.

I went home and broke my fast with three slices of toast; never had I savored bread and butter so much.

I ended up only losing about 4.5 pounds (2kg). My aim wasn't only to lose weight, but to assess the other benefits too given that Musk claimed it helped him feel healthier as well as lose weight.

In 2019, Jack Dorsey, the former CEO of Twitter, said he, too, had experimented with intermittent fasting. He challenged himself with a three-day, water-only fast.

Dorsey said then that the days seemed to be longer, and I agree. You either skip breakfast, lunch, dinner or sometimes all three, leaving big gaps in your day.

But my brain felt less foggy, and I could think more clearly. Not eating lunch, for example, gave me more energy, made me more productive, and lessened distractions. For those reasons, I think I will periodically embark on intermittent fasting.

I hate to say it, but thank you, Elon Musk.

Read the original article on Business Insider

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I tried intermittent fasting like Elon Musk. My weight hasn't drastically changed, but the other benefits surprised me. - Yahoo Finance

Mar 12

What studies are showing about the Keto diet – FIT Talk With Tania –

Photo: Contributed

The diet industry is massive. And while dieting does the exact opposite of creating health, many are lured in with false promises and the hope that this one might just be the one that works.

One such diet that has gained immense popularity over the past few years is the Ketogenic or "Keto" diet. As much as many want to believe this is a healthy way of life, recently published results from long-term studies are showing otherwise.

For those who may not know, Keto is a high-fat (75% to 80%) moderate-protein diet with very low or no carbohydrate intake. The aim is to put the body in a state of ketosis, where it burns fat for energy instead of glucose.

While this may seem like a great way to lose weight and improve overall health, recent studies have shown that there are potential dangers associated with this diet, particularly if it is followed for a long period of time.

One of the main concerns with the Keto diet is the risk of nutrient deficiencies. Keto virtually eliminates all carbs including whole grains, fruits, and vegetables the macro nutrients that provide us with essential vitamins, mineral and phytonutrients - putting people at risk for deficiencies in things like magnesium, which is important for heart health, bone density, and muscle function. Other nutrients that may be lacking on a Keto diet include fibre, potassium, calcium, and Vitamins C and K.

Keto can also affect the liver. When the body is in a state of ketosis, it produces ketones, acidic chemicals that can build up in the blood and put stress on the liver. In fact, studies have shown that long-term adherence to a Keto diet can lead to liver damage and even liver failure in some cases.

Perhaps the most concerning aspect of Keto is its potential impact on heart health. While the diet may lead to initial weight loss and improved blood sugar levels in the short term, long-term adherence to Keto may lead to an increase in LDL or "bad" cholesterol levels, which is a major risk factor for heart disease. Additionally, the high fat intake advocated with Keto can also increase the risk of heart disease and stroke.

Published on the Fox News Health website, these findings came from a paper that was recently presented at the American College of Cardiologys annual scientific session together with the World Congress of Cardiology.

"Our study found that regular consumption of a self-reported diet low in carbohydrates and high in fat was associated with increased levels of LDL cholesterol or bad cholesterol and a higher risk of heart disease," said lead author Dr. Iulia Iatan, attending physician-scientist at the Healthy Heart Program Prevention Clinic, at St. Pauls Hospital and the University of British Columbias Centre for Heart Lung Innovation in Vancouver.

A Keto-like study where participants who ate low carb (less than 25 percent), high fat but not as high as Keto (more than 45 percent), included more than 500,000 U.K. residents who were monitored for at least a decade. Outcomes showed a more than two-fold risk of having several major cardiovascular events such as heart attack, stroke, arterial disease and conditions that required a stent.

Finally, it's worth noting the Keto diet can be difficult to maintain long-term. Many people find that the restrictive nature of the diet makes it challenging to follow for an extended period of time, which can lead to yo-yo dieting and weight gain. Additionally, Keto can have negative effects on mental health, leading to mood swings, irritability, and even depression in some cases.

Instead, before embarking on any health program, it's important to ask yourself these three things:

Is what I'm about to do based in science?

Does it make sense that I can do this for life?

Would I let a child do this?

Clearly the science has spoken here and it's why I advocate for a program that works with the way our bodies were designed to function, to use food not to lose weight, but to create hormonal balance and stabilize blood sugar and create health in your body. When you get to your optimal health, you will also get to your optimal weight.

For more information on how blood sugar stabilization works, check out Tania's free training here.

This article is written by or on behalf of an outsourced columnist and does not necessarily reflect the views of Castanet.

Excerpt from:
What studies are showing about the Keto diet - FIT Talk With Tania -

Mar 12

Do smart scales work? Everything you need to know about smart … – Android Authority

Roger Fingas / Android Authority

Tech companies are pushing ever further into health and fitness tracking for a few reasons, not the least to sell you subscription services. Above all, though, is the obvious commercial appeal of improving your body. Whereas buying a new Android phone might only make TikTok or Google Maps faster, a good fitness tracker (combined with a science-based plan) could help prevent a heart attack or push your bench press to 200 pounds.

An affordable and increasingly common form of fitness tracker is the smart scale. I recently had the opportunity to test two models the high-end Withings Advanced Body Composition (Body Comp) Wi-Fi Scale, and the more affordable Wyze Scale to see how useful one can be in boosting your health.

For background, I dont have any medical education, but weightlifting is my primary hobby, and Ive tested a number of fitness devices over the years from companies like Apple, Fitbit, Garmin, and Polar.

What is a smart scale?

Jimmy Westenberg / Android Authority

At its simplest, a smart scale uploads weight measurements to a matching phone app using Wi-Fi or Bluetooth. This lets you see long-term trends, and sync data with platforms like Google Fit, MyFitnessPal, and Apple Health. An example of this basic design is my old Polar Balance, which is no longer sold but still supported through the Polar Flow app.

The industry push has been to deliver more metrics by measuring blood flow and electrical currents in your feet. Even the affordable Wyze Scale purports to track things like water, heart rate, body fat, and muscle and bone mass. The Withings Body Comp takes things a step further, adding metrics like artery health (vascular age) and sweat gland activity (via an electrodermal activity score).

Its common for apps to encourage goal-setting, at least for weight loss and gain, sometimes more. They may also offer various degrees of coaching, ranging from general encouragement to more specific actions you can take to see progress, like increasing your step count.

Smart scales offer phone app connections, and often measure factors beyond weight such as heart rate and body fat.

Some scale makers offer paid subscriptions that deliver extra coaching. Withings for example bundles the Body Comp with a 12-month subscription to Health Plus, which promises daily feedback and extra coaching in areas like sleep and nutrition. You can also pursue missions, i.e. achievements like active minute goals or completing a recommended workout routine. The scale does work without Health Plus, but you lose access to that services coaching, missions, and workout database. Note also that as of this writing, you have to opt out by the end of the 12 months if you dont want to be charged $9.95 per month.

How does a smart scale work?

Roger Fingas / Android Authority

Weve touched a bit on how they collect data, which gets complex if you dig into the science. From a daily use perspective, though, smart scales are designed to be dead simple. You step on, then wait a few seconds while measurements are taken and uploaded. With scales like the Withings Body Comp you may have to wait a little longer, just because there are more things to measure, and it even displays data like local weather and air quality.

There are further complications here and there. First, when a scale measures more than weight, you need to step on with your bare feet a scale cant track heart rate or electrodermal activity if it doesnt have direct skin contact. And whereas Wi-Fi models like the Body Comp can sync data to the cloud, the Wyze Scale is Bluetooth-based, so youll need your phone within a few dozen feet, if not closer.

Even setup can sometimes be complicated if youre not used to health and fitness tech and you want to make the most out of your hardware. After pairing, you may have to dive into app settings to link with platforms like Google Fit, not to mention choose metric or SI measurements, and create multiple user profiles if needed (both Wyze and Withings support up to 8). You may also want to set initial goals, and youll probably be asked to supply additional personal data such as age and height. Withings Health Plus chat bot practically grills you in this regard, asking about things like your current mood and whether youre vegan or vegetarian.

How accurate are smart scales?

For weight tracking, theyre certainly better than conventional scales, since trends reveal the true picture, not individual measurements.

Speaking from personal experience, even with a consistent diet and exercise regime, weight can fluctuate by a few pounds within the course of a week or even a single day you tend to weigh more in the evening than you do in the morning, for example, because youve picked up food and water weight. You can reduce these effects by weighing yourself every morning without any clothes on, but to judge whether youre gaining or losing youll want to chart progress week-to-week, not day-to-day. Both Wyze and Withings apps make this pretty easy.

In testing, I found heart rate (beats per minute) measurements roughly consistent with data from my Apple Watch Series 6. Measuring that once or twice a day isnt going to tell you much however, since theres a range of normal resting rates, and your heart can spike or crash based on factors like stress, caffeine, exercise, and atrial fibrillation (a medical condition). If you care about heart rate, you need a full-day tracking device for a complete view.

Smart scales can normally be trusted for weight, but anything more should be taken with a large grain of salt.

On top of this, even the best wrist-based trackers are going to be less accurate for heart rate than a chest strap like the Polar H10, and you shouldnt clinically diagnose yourself with any consumer tech. Companies warn against it for fear of legal liability. Consumer trackers are mainly useful for improving exercise performance, getting a rough sense of calorie burn, or as a warning you should talk to a doctor when something seems strange.

As for factors like body fat and muscle mass, I wouldnt put much trust in a consumer scale. Switching from Wyze to Withings, my body fat somehow dropped from about 24% to 20% and while the latter figure is probably closer to accurate, a doctor with the Cedars-Sinai Diabetes and Obesity Research Institute argues that no consumer fat scale is accurate. In clinical settings doctors use machines like MRI scanners and air displacement chambers, something electricity in your feet cant possibly match in terms of precision.

What are the best smart scales?

Jimmy Westenberg / Android Authority

Limiting things to consumer models, there are still plenty of options on the market. Some are aimed at people who only care about weight and body fat. Other brands take the idea of body composition very seriously, striving to deliver as many metrics as possible and maximize accuracy even if theres only so close their technology can get.

As is standard for Wyze, the focus of the Wyze Scale is on providing a lot of features at a budget price. It manages this by sacrificing some frills as well as a few other things. All in all, though, its a good choice for people who mostly want to track their weight over time.

Whats good?

Roger Fingas / Android Authority

For one, setup is straightforward and easy. Once batteries are loaded and ready to go, all you have to do is add the Scale to the Wyze app, enter basic personal information (age, height, etc.), then pair via Bluetooth. Youll also have the option of enabling Athlete Mode, which adjusts measurements for people who exercise over 10 hours per week and have unusually low numbers for body fat and resting heart rate. I didnt toggle this on, since as hard as I work at the gym, Im only there about 6 hours per week.

Though you do you have to have the app open on your phone to sync data, the scale is relatively quick to measure, and the app provides a well-organized view of all the metrics/trends it tracks. Those include body fat, muscle mass, water, protein, lean body mass, bone mass, visceral fat, heart rate, basal metabolic rate (BMR), and metabolic age, the last of which suggests whether youre doing better or worse than average for your real age.

Thats a lot of data, and impressive considering how much less you get from the more expensive Fitbit Aria Air. In fact the Wyze app syncs straight to Fitbit, Apple Health, and Google Fit, so this is probably a superior option given the money youre saving.

Whats not so good?

While weight measurements are consistent with other scales, accuracy for anything beyond weight and heart rate is suspect. Body composition metrics can fluctuate a little more than youd expect, and may potentially be far off base. Indeed as I mentioned, switching from the Wyze Scale to the Withings Body Comp saw my body fat drop from about 24% to 20% in the span of a day since thats physically impossible, theres clearly a technological difference. Im more inclined to believe the Body Comp, not the least because I have (slightly) visible abs. Even 20% is probably an overestimate, given that you usually need less fat than that for abs to show.

A lesser complaint is the scales dependence on Bluetooth. The need to refresh a nearby phone to sync data might seem trivial, but that does mean you end up using your phone during a weigh-in whether you like it or not, and might be a deterrent over time for people who arent seriously committed to tracking their weight.

Lastly, dont expect anything in the way of coaching. While the Wyze app does let you set weight goals, it doesnt suggest how to meet them. The best you get apart from trends is tapping on a metric, which shows a textbook definition plus a slider showing whether or not youre doing well.

Wyze Scale

Low-cost Syncs with Apple Health, Google Fit, etc. Attractive design

Wyze aims to deliver smart scale essentials on a budget.

Wyze's Bluetooth-based smart scale tracks weight and several other body metrics, such as water, body fat, and heart rate. It supports up to 8 users, and data can be synced with third-party platforms like Apple Health and Google Fit.

If you want a scale that comes reasonably close to providing a total health picture and is convenient to boot, Withings Body Comp fits the bill. You will, however, want to drop the bundled Health Plus subscription before renewal time comes around.

Whats good?

Roger Fingas / Android Authority

In tandem with Withings Health Mate app, the Body Comp is very comprehensive. Most of the metrics it monitors are relatively standard weight, body fat, heart rate, water, muscle mass, bone mass, and visceral fat but the addition of vascular age could help forestall heart problems, and there are trend charts for every data point, not just a handful of them. It even pulls in stats like walking, workouts, and floor climbing from other app sources, so if you have a wrist-based tracker, you can check out some of that info without having to leave Health Mate. The app syncs with platforms like Strava, Apple Health, Google Fit, MyFitnessPal, and Runkeeper. Theres an Athlete Mode here as well.

Weeks into ownership, stepping on the scale is still a mildly impressive experience. When youre standing on it, the scales monochrome LCD cycles through various readouts and graphs, giving you a sense of how youre doing without even touching your phone. In fact you might be able to hold off on picking up your phone in the morning, thanks not just to health data, but daily weather and air quality info, plus Wi-Fi sync which means you only need to open Health Mate when you feel like it.

If youre new to serious fitness activity, the inclusion of a year of Health Plus membership could be genuinely useful. It centralizes sleep, nutrition, and overall health info you might otherwise have to hunt for, and then coaches you to take action, including goals and premade workouts if youre not already following a plan.

Whats not so good?

Youre paying a lot for the Body Comps feature set. Yes, it seems to be more accurate than budget options, and its nice to have features like Wi-Fi sync, in-depth data, and handy LCD briefings, but Im not sure that its $174 better than the Wyze Scale, for example. Moreover, its ethically sketchy to sign every buyer up for an auto-renewing subscription. Im sure some people are going to forget to cancel before their free year is up, then wonder why they have $10 extra on their credit card bill.

The value of Health Plus is limited, too. A lot of the information from Plus can be found elsewhere online for free, and if youve got a few years of fitness under your belt, its goals and workouts may be below your level. The same is true of other major subscription services such as Fitbit Premium and Apple Fitness Plus, but that doesnt let Withings off the hook.

On a technical level, my only real complaint is that setup can take a little while and be a little confusing. The Health Plus chat bot interviews you for a few minutes before you can get started with the service, and Withings doesnt prepare you for the fact that some things require on-scale, foot-based control I couldnt get the Body Comp to sync any data until I figured out that I needed to tap my foot to choose my user profile, which was odd since Im the only user. In homes where there are multiple users, thats going to require some education.

Withings Body Comp

Monitors heart health Measures body composition Provides an Electrodermal Activity Score

A powerful, advanced smart scale and companion app

Bundled with the company's Health Plus companion service, the Withings Body Comp Scale closely assesses users' critical biomarkers. With precise body composition metrics, cardiovascular health assessments, and more, the scale and coresponding health app empower you to make informed health choices.

Is a smart scale worth it?

Roger Fingas / Android Authority

If youre at all curious about your weight, yes, absolutely. Even a low-cost smart scale like the Wyze Scale is going to do a great job tracking weight trends. If you sync with platforms like Google Fit and add a sufficiently advanced tracker from the likes of Polar, Fitbit or Garmin, you can develop a pretty comprehensive view of health and activity, including heart rate, blood oxygen, and sleep. You should always be skeptical about accuracy, but youll have decent enough data to act on.

Any scale features beyond weight are a luxury. Body composition data is far from bulletproof, which makes high-end models like the Withings Body Comp a tough sell, never mind paying for an online subscription service to go with it.

A smart scale can be genuinely useful for monitoring weight trends. Other features are just a bonus.

Still, many newcomers might benefit from direct coaching and goal-setting, and amateur athletes like myself can make use of semi-accurate composition data as long as we know its limitations and treat it as a relative measure. 20% body fat might not be right, but if that percentage shifts over a few weeks and persists, theres probably authentic change happening.


No. At the moment, Apples only health and fitness hardware is the Apple Watch. Many scales and apps can sync with Apple Health, however.

Theres a wide range of prices for smart scales. Some can be had for less than $50, while others cost three or four times that amount. Spending more does tend to get you better features and accuracy.

Not by users, apart from entering height data and deciding whether to enable precision options like an Athlete Mode. Smart scales can zero themselves as long you keep them on a stable surface.

Its increasingly common for smart scales to support multiple profiles. The Garmin Index S2 is a champion here, since it supports up to 16 people enough for an entire sports team.

How scales handle multiple profiles can vary. Though products like the S2 and the Wyze Scale require separate email accounts, models like the Withings Body Comp can handle several people under the same account, as long as you know their approximate weights this is used to detect them when they step on. Withings allows separate accounts as an alternative.

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Do smart scales work? Everything you need to know about smart ... - Android Authority

Mar 12

Is menopause making me put on weight? No, but it’s complicated – The Conversation

Its a question people ask often: does menopause cause weight gain?

Women commonly put on weight as they enter menopause. Research shows women aged 46-57 gain an average of 2.1kg over five years.

But like many things related to weight, all is not what it seems, and the relationship between menopause and weight gain is not straightforward.

Heres everything you need to know about menopausal weight gain and what you can do about it.

Menopause marks the natural end of the reproductive stage of a womans life. It officially starts when a woman has not menstruated for 12 months, and most women reach menopause between the ages of 45 and 55, but it can happen much earlier or later.

The transition to menopause, however, typically starts four years prior, with perimenopause marking the time when a womans ovaries start slowing down, producing less oestrogen and progesterone. Eventually, these hormone levels fall to a point at which the ovaries stop releasing eggs and menstruation stops.

The symptoms associated with the menopausal transition are many and varied, and can include irregular periods, breast pain, vaginal dryness, hot flashes, night sweats, fatigue, difficulty sleeping, and changes in mood and libido.

The short answer is no. But its complicated.

When it comes to menopause and weight, its weight redistribution not weight gain that is actually a symptom. Research has confirmed menopause is linked to an increase in belly fat but not an increase in overall weight.

This is because the hormonal changes experienced during menopause only prompt a change in where the body stores fat, making womens stomachs and waists more prone to weight gain. Research shows visceral fat (deep belly fat) increases by nearly 50% in postmenopausal women, compared with premenopausal women.

Its also important to recognise some menopause symptoms may indirectly contribute to weight gain:

sleep issues can lead to sleep deprivation, disturbing the bodys appetite hormones, increasing feelings of hunger and triggering food cravings

some mood changes can activate the bodys stress responses, increasing the production of the hormone cortisol, promoting fat storage and triggering unhealthy food cravings. Mood can also impact the motivation to exercise

fatigue, breast pain and hot flushes can make physical activity challenging or uncomfortable, also impacting the ability to exercise.

You read that right the weight gain often associated with menopause is a byproduct of ageing.

As the body ages, it stops working as efficiently. It experiences an involuntary loss of muscle mass referred to as sarcopenia and fat levels begin to increase.

Because muscle mass helps determine the bodys metabolic rate (how much energy the body burns at rest), when we lose muscle, the body starts to burn fewer calories at rest.

Ageing also means dealing with other health issues that can make weight management more complex. For example, medications can impact how the body functions, and arthritis and general aches and pains can impact mobility and the ability to exercise.

In short the bodys ageing process and changing physicality is the real reason women experience menopause weight gain.

While menopause doesnt make you put on weight, it can increase a womans risk of other serious health conditions.

The redistributed weight that leads to more fat being carried in the belly can have long-term effects. Belly fat that lies deep within the abdominal cavity (visceral fat) is an especially unhealthy fat because its stored close to the organs. People with a high amount of visceral fat have a higher risk of stroke, type 2 diabetes and heart disease than people who hold body fat around their hips.

The reduction in the amount of oestrogen produced by the ovaries during menopause also increases a womans risk of heart disease and stroke. This is because oestrogen helps keep blood vessels dilated relaxed and open to help keep cholesterol down. Without it, bad cholesterol can start to build up in the arteries.

Lower oestrogen can also result in a loss of bone mass, putting women at greater risk of osteoporosis and more prone to bone fractures and breaks.

Menopause itself does not cause weight gain; it unfortunately just occurs during a stage of life when other factors are likely to. The good news is weight gain associated with ageing is not inevitable, and there are many things women can do to avoid weight gain and health risks as they age and experience menopause.

Start with these six steps:

incorporate daily exercise into your routine, with a mixture of intensities and variety of exercises, including body-strengthening exercises twice a week

stop dieting. Dieting drives up the weight your body will strive to return to (your set point), so youll end up heavier than before you began. Youll also slow down your metabolism with each diet you follow

curb your sugar cravings naturally. Every time you feel an urge to eat something sugary or fatty, reach for nature first fruits, honey, nuts, seeds and avocado are a few suitable examples. These foods release the same feelgood chemicals in the brain as processed and fast food do, and leave us feeling full

create positive habits to minimise comfort-eating. Instead of unwinding in the afternoon or evening on the couch, go for a walk, work on a hobby or try something new

eat slowly and away from distractions to reduce the quantity of food consumed mindlessly. Use an oyster fork, a childs fork or chopsticks to slow down your eating

switch off your technology for a minimum of one hour before bed to improve sleep quality.

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Is menopause making me put on weight? No, but it's complicated - The Conversation

Mar 12

Actors who went to extreme lengths to transform their bodies for film roles – Daily Mail

Hollywood actor Jake Gyllenhaal, 42, has been seen showing off hisphenomenally ripped figure on set of UFC movie Road House, leaving fans in awe of his transformation from boyish heartthrob to jacked fighter.

But the leading man - who previously bulked up for boxing film Southpaw - shows off his new physique, is just one of many dedicated actors who totally transformed their bodies for film roles.

Some of the most talented actors in the world are known to suffer for their art, and this is never more apt when they speak of following bizarre diets to lose huge amounts of weight at the drop of a hat, or alternatively, to pile on the pounds until they look unrecognisable.

And some, like Rene Zellweger, have been known to yo-yo between heavier and lighter weights for roles, as they juggle their on-set figures with their off-screen physiques.

For many, the phenomenal transformations equalled awards success, such as in the case of Anne Hathaway whose drastic weight loss and shaved head for her role as Fantine in Les Misrables earnt her an Oscar.

But, as many of these artists have addressed, the extreme regimes to lose or gain weight took their toll on their mental and physical health.

Here, FEMAIL takes a look at other actors who went the extra mile for their roles, transforming their bodies to the point where they looked unrecognisable...



Arguably the master of physical transformations, Bale has shed and gained hundreds of pounds over the years for the sake of his art.

But perhaps none was more dramatic than the skeletal frame he debuted in 2004 psychological thriller, The Machinist.

As well as The Machinist, Bale has undergone dramatic transformations for films including:

AMERICAN PSYCHO, 2000:Although Bale has not revealed how much he lost for the role ofPatrick Bateman, he revealed working out 'took over his life' as he shed fat and gained muscle.

BATMAN BEGINS, 2005: Just six months after The Machinist, Bale appeared in Batman Begins and had to get his weight back up to 180lbs.

THE FIGHTER, 2010: Bale lost 30lbs for his performance asDicky Eklund, a boxer-turned-trainer, for which he won a Best Supporting Actor Oscar.

AMERICAN HUSTLE, 2013:For all-star American Hustle, Bale gained 43lbs. The role earned him his second Oscar nomination, this time for Best Actor.

VICE, 2018: After losing the weight from American Hustle, Bale once again gained 40lbs to play Dick Cheney in Vice. He was nominated for a Best Actor Oscar.

The 6ft actor stunned audiences when he appeared a gaunt 60lbs lighter - but the radical transformation wasn't originally in the script.

In a 2014 interview, co-star Michael Ironside, said the weight loss was the result of a simple typo.

'The writer is only about five-foot-six, and he put his own weights in,' Ironside said.

'And then Chris did the film and Chris said, 'No, don't change the weights. I want to see if I make them.' ...

'So those weights he writes on the bathroom wall in the film are his actual weights in the film.'

He reportedly exercised while surviving on just 260 calories today, consisting of a tin of tuna and an apple, washed down with black coffee and water.

After his weight plummeted to a shocking 121lbs, the actor swiftly bulked up again in just six weeks to play the Caped Crusader in Batman Begins by gorging on pizza and ice cream.

He said: 'I overdid it because I was enjoying gorging. I was ignoring advice about taking it slowly because my stomach had shrunk, and I should just go with soups.

'I was straight into pizza and ice-cream and eating five meals in a sitting. My stomach expanded really quickly. I got very sick during that time but I enjoyed getting sick. I didn't mind it at all.

'In that short amount of time I did actually go from 121 lbs right back up to 180lbs which is way too fast so that resulted in some doctor visits to get things sorted out.'

But his weight gain efforts didn't last long because in 2010, he lost nearly 30lbs to play real-life boxer Dicky Eklund, who struggled with drug addiction, in The Fighter.

Describing his regime, Bale said he was 'just running like crazy'.

'I could just run for hours on end and I felt really healthy,' he said.

His next role in American Hustle required fattening up again, and he told People: 'I ate lots of doughnuts, a whole lot of cheeseburgers and whatever I could get my hands on. I literally ate anything that came my way.'

After losing the weight from American Hustle, Bale once again gained 40lbs to play Dick Cheney in Vice, this time opting for 'a lot of pies' to help him bulk up.



Diminutive Rene Zellweger famously gained 30lbs in just a few months to play Bridget Jones in the original 2001 film - which earned her an Oscar nomination - going from a size 4 to size 14.

After filming ended, Zellweger cut her 4,000-calorie-a-day diet and returned to her naturally petite frame.

'For Bridget, I sat around and ate a lot of milky, high fat things,' she said. 'And after filming was over, I just stopped and went back to the gym.'

In 2002,Rene added dance training to her routine as she starred as Roxy Hart in movie musical Chicago, for which she also received a nomination.

Just months after filming wrapped, Zellweger once again put on weight to reprise her role in the sequel Bridget Jones: The Edge of Reason.

While the character was not quite as curvaceous as the first time round, it still marked a dramatic change for Zellweger.

However, when it came to filming the third instalment in the films, Bridget Jones's Baby, Zellweger said she 'only put on a few pounds', plus the baby bump and breast pads.

Ahead of the film's release the actress explained writers wanted Bridget Jones's Baby to show her on-screen character had 'achieved her ideal weight'.

Speaking to the Telegraph, Renee revealed: 'Sharon was hoping we could show that Bridget had achieved her ideal weight, but at the same time it didn't mean her life was perfect.

'I wasn't sure about that one though because we all have something we think is wrong, that needs fixing, that in our own minds represents the ideal that we are meant to obtain.

'And I like the idea that that stays with us throughout our lives.'

In a separate interview with British Vogue, she added:'Bridget is a perfectly normal weight and I've never understood why it matters so much. No male actor would get such scrutiny if he did the same thing for a role.'


LOST 25lbs and shaved her head FOR LES MISERABLES

When she was cast as a starving prostitute, Anne Hathaway decided on a drastic way to lose weight a diet that can only be described as miserable.

The Hollywood star shed 25lb for her role as Fantine in the film musical Les Miserables 10lb in three weeks before filming and 15lb during production.

'I just had to stop eating for a total of 13 days shooting,' she said in an interview.

'I was on a starvation diet to look like I was near death in a film... but I went at it with a plan and I had a guide, a nutritionist kind of helped me with it.'

It was later reported she had survived largely on lettuce leaves and a diet of porridge paste.

Speaking to Vogue, she said:'Looking back on the whole experience - and I don't judge it in any way - it was definitely a little nuts.

'It was definitely a break with reality, but I think that's who Fantine is anyway.'

However, years later as she looked back on the drastic lengths she went to, Hathaway said she had become 'really sick' after losing the weight.

In 2019 she told People magazine she 'wasn't in a good place' while filming Les Miserables.

She said:'I'd lost an unhealthy amount of weight in two weeks. I didn't know anything about nutrition. I taxed my body, and my brain bore the brunt of it for a while. I just felt very anxious and very lost at that time.'

Hathaway added:'That weight loss was not a long-term good thing for my health, and it took a really long time to come back from it.'


GAINED 30lbs FOR MONSTER (2003) AND 50lbs FOR TULLY (2018)

South African-born actress Charlize Theron is a pro when it comes to dramatic film transformations - and the stress she puts her body under has certainly paid off.

She won an Oscar for 2003 film Monster, directed by Patti Jenkins, in which she played real-life serial killer Aileen Wuronos. The role required Theron, then in her 20s, to gain some 30lbs.

Theron said at the time she relied on a diet of 'donuts and potato chips' to pile on the weight for the role, which was met with praise from critics and audiences alike.

The fatty, sugary diet also affected the star's skin and her usually radiant complexion looked markedly more pallid and blotchy on screen.

The actress pulled off a similar feat for 2018's Tully, which saw her gain some 50lbs to play a mother on the brink of a mental breakdown.

But while it had been easy to gain and lose weight for Monster, Theron struggled with the Tully transformation and spoke of falling into a depression as a result of the bad diet.

'It was brutal in every sense,' she explained at the time. 'This time around, I really felt it in my health.The sugar put me in a massive depression.

'I was sick. I couldn't lose the weight. I called my doctor and I said, 'I think I'm dying!' And he's like, 'No, you're 41. Calm down'.'


Jared is no stranger to losing weight for a role.

While filming for his Oscar-winning role in The Dallas Buyers Club - in which he played a transgender AIDS suffer - he all but stopped eating to lose 40lbs.

The 41-year-old 30 Seconds to Mars frontman told 'I got down to 116 or something. I just basically didn't eat. I ate very little.

'I had done similar things with weight, but this was different, I think the role demanded that commitment...

'It was about how does that affect how I walk, how I talked, who I am, how I feel. You know, you feel very fragile and delicate and unsafe.'

The singer and actor admitted some of his family and friends were shocked by his dramatic weight-loss, as they were not aware he was doing the movie.

He explained: 'It's not a great thing to see. If you run into people or see family who don't know what you're doing, they think that you're sick.'

He also lost 25lbs in 2000 to play a drug addict in Requiem for a Dream and then gained 60lbs to play Mark David Chapman -the deranged fan who assassinated John Lennon - in Chapter 27 in 2007, making it his most dramatic transformation to date.

By the end of filming, the extra weight had taken such a toll that he could no longer walk to the set and it left him with gout.

'I'm not sure it was the wisest choice,' he admits. 'A friend of mine was recently going to gain weight for a film, and I did my best to talk him out of it. Just because you can lose the weight doesn't mean the impact it had on you isn't there anymore.'

He has since vowed never to pile on the pounds for a movie again, as he doesn't want to put his health in jeopardy.



Yet another star who won an Oscar for their makeover role is Hilary Swank, who took home the Best Actress gong for 2004 film Million Dollar Baby.

To portray a boxer, Swank not only had to learn how to box but undertook a rigorous training programme to shape her body into that of a dedicated athlete who had years of training under her belt.

The actress was just given 90 days before filming started, meaning she had to pack in as much as she could.

'My training was two and a half hours of boxing and approximately an hour and a half to two hours lifting weights every day, six days a week,' Swank said at the time.

'The producers asked me to gain 10 pounds of muscle. I gained 19 pounds of muscle. I started at 110 and went to 129. And in order to do that, I had to eat 210 grams of protein a day.'

It wasn't the only time Swank had to gain weight for a role, as she was asked to put on 15lbs for her role in the 2012 movie Conviction.

She revealed she had struggled to meet the criteria as it involved a huge change to her diet and general lifestyle.

Speaking to the Evening Standard, she said: 'For my own needs, I like working out. But to gain weight I stopped that. Besides, this was an independent film. Small budget. We filmed long hours, long days. No time to work out.

'Normally I only eat until I'm full. On this shoot, I kept eating more. Even when I was full, I'd eat more. With nowhere to go, the weight stays on you.'



Another actor who found Oscar success with a dramatic weight loss role is Matthew McConaughey, who took home the Best Actor award after losing some 40lbs to play Ron Woodroof in Dallas Buyers Club.

The 6ft actor relied on a meal plan of Diet Coke, egg whites and a piece of chicken a day to slim down, eventually reaching just 143lbs.

'I met with a nutritionist. I gave myself four months to lose the weight. I had my programmed meals, lost 3.5lb a week - like clockwork - and got down to my desired weight,' he said at the time.

He insisted that losing weight was 'honestly not that difficult' but learning to re-progamme his life was the toughest challenge.

He said: 'You have to reprogramme all of your habits, and the days get so long. You think it must be lunchtime already, and its only 9.30 in the morning.

'I kept a diary of my nutrition the whole way through, and it is something I will probably share at some point because it was quite the adventure.'

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Actors who went to extreme lengths to transform their bodies for film roles - Daily Mail

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