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Aug 29

You’re invited to the biggest, queerest wedding of the year. No, seriously. You’re invited. – LGBTQ Nation

Chaya Milchtein and Jodyann MorganPhoto: Malia Howel

Chaya Milchtein refers to herself and her fiance Jodyann Morgan as complete opposites. But despite that, the two are getting married this Saturday, and youre invited.

We are two people from two different worlds as far opposites as you could possibly imagine, Milchtein told LGBTQ Nation.

Related:An ICU nurse was separated from her girlfriend for months. The neighbors made their reunion magical.

Milchtein is white, Morgan is Black. Milchtein was raised in a strict Hasidic Jewish home with 14 brothers and sisters where she was forced to wear long dresses and forbidden from watching TV. Morgan was raised in a smaller Pentecostal family from Jamaica where she watched TV like a typical teenager and became a fan of live music.

Milchtein is outgoing, public, and big on Instagram, Morgan is introverted, quiet and doesnt often like being photographed.

Milchtein wanted their wedding to be a big queer party and Morgan wanted it to be a small intimate event. But now, because of the ongoing COVID-19 epidemic and video conferencing, both Milchtein and Morgan are getting their wish.

The two are getting married on Facebook Live on Saturday, August 29 at 1 p.m. Eastern in what theyre calling the biggest, queerest wedding of the year. Milchtein is inviting literally everyone to virtually attend through web-video, but in-person only the couple, the officiant and the videographer will be attending there will be absolutely no guests so the couple can reduce the possibility of coronavirus infection.

I wanted a wedding, that was either a big queer party because that was important to me, Milchtein says, and to be able to do something that wasnt always possible: to be able to publicly demonstrate my love and publicly announce that this is what our life is.

The couple met four years ago while Milchtein was having her nails done in Brooklyn, the part of New York City where she and Morgan both lived at the time. Morgan worked security at the indoor Barclays Center arena and came into the salon offering a free ticket to watch the Ringling Bros. Barnum & Baily Circus. Milchtein had never been to the circus before, so she ended up accepting, and the two eventually started dating that was four and a half years ago.

Now, the couple has been engaged for just over a year. They live in Milwaukee, Wisconsin with their cat Stripes Dalek and their tortoise Polka Dot Tardis. (Their pets names are half descriptions of the clothes Milchtein was wearing when they got them and half named from parts of Morgans favorite sci-fi program Dr. Who).

The two decided to marry in Indianapolis, Indianathe Vegas of the Midwest which has a well-established elopement and micro-wedding industry where folks can quickly get a same-day marriage license with no witnesses or big fuss. They planned their entire wedding in just four-and-a-half weeks.

Milchtein told LGBTQ Nation that they chose to get married now because COVID-19 has made the future of the world uncertain and put them in a position where they might need the legal right to make medical decisions in a hospital for one another even though theyre both young and healthy.

Nearby Indianapolis also provides a place where they can both travel without boarding a plane. The couple has planned an outdoor wedding: They got tested for coronavirus last Thursday and everyone else involved will be wearing face masks. But despite the epidemic precautions, theyre hoping the ceremony brings lots of people joy.

The world is a really shitty place right now, Milchtein says, And if somehow sharing in our joy is going to give people a momentary reprieve from their struggles and from COVID and from everything else thats happening, that would be a blessing for us. If we start off our marriage building community, then hopefully thats how well continue to do it for years to come.

The couple also hopes that seeing two queer, interfaith, interracial, and plus-sized women will inspire others to realize that love and marriage can look a lot different than what people usually see in the media. Even their vows will leave out all the usual mentions of complete monogamy and physically belonging to one another because their relationship is based on mutual respect rather than bodily ownership.

Representation is important people deserve to see people that look like them in the media, I deserve to see people who look like me in the media, and who look like us in the media so that I can have some inspiration so I can have people to look up to, so I can see what else is possible, Milchtein told LGBTQ Nation.

You know, people tell people that they that nobody will love them, that they have to lose weight how you have to lose weight in order to fit into your wedding dress, or you have to lose weight or youll never find somebody wholoves you. Thats not true.

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You're invited to the biggest, queerest wedding of the year. No, seriously. You're invited. - LGBTQ Nation

Aug 29

Chadwick Boseman Fans Keep Sharing This Heartwarming Clip From The Tonight Show – Yahoo Lifestyle

As Hollywood and countless others mourn the death of Black Panther star Chadwick Boseman, fans are celebrating a shining, hopeful moment from his career.

On August 28, Boseman's team shared the news that the prolific actor passed away from stage four colon cancer, a battle he'd been fighting since 2016. A true fighter, Chadwick persevered through it all, and brought you many of the films you have come to love so much, they wrote on Instagram, adding that it was the honor of his career to bring King TChalla to life in Black Panther.

For many, it was the honor of a lifetime to meet and speak with Boseman. To demonstrate just that, The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon shared a clip from 2018 of Black Panther fans explaining what the film meant to them, only to be surprised by a visit from Boseman, himself.

"I can't express how much it means to me and the community and my family," one man, Darren, says to a poster of T'Challa. Thank you from the very bottom of my heart for all that you've done, for really being a hero that we really need in a time like this. Thank you so much.

The fan was in for a huge shock when Boseman called out his name. My King, my king, my king, Darren said, making the Wakanda salute before embracing the actor. It only got more emotional (and sometimes hilarious) from there. You can watch the full clip, above.

Now viewed over 17 million times, fans were quick to celebrate Boseman's impact and kindness by sharing the clip. You gave a people, the single greatest thing a human can give to another, HOPE, one fan tweeted. Some lights shine half as long, but twice as bright. Rest in Love.

This is the exact segment that popped to mind when I heard @chadwickboseman passed away, another fan tweeted. It shows how much he inspired people, but also how genuine a guy he was.

Story continues

Chadwick Boseman will be clearly be missed by so many.

Originally Appeared on Glamour

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Chadwick Boseman Fans Keep Sharing This Heartwarming Clip From The Tonight Show - Yahoo Lifestyle

Aug 28

Here’s what pregnant orcas are up against in Puget Sound – Crosscut

In the past two months of a cetacean pregnancy, he says, you can start to see signs that mama's feeling a little blah : decrease in appetite, discomfortand possiblebacterial infections like bursella that cause late-term miscarriages in other cetacean species. But compared witheverything that can go wrong at or following conception or birth, the odds that something will go wrong with these two pregnant animals in the next few months is more limited, he says.

But if the mother does lose her calf, she and the entire orca community must overcome the emotional loss. Whales are highly family bonded, and the UW's Giles says their family members may know of a pregnancy through echolocation. Its like living with moving and breathing ultrasound [machines] all around you, called your mom and brother and sister, she says. It's physically taxing, It's medically taxing and dangerous, And then it's emotionally taxing for these individuals to continuously get pregnant, Giles says.

In some pregnancies, late-term calves can become ticking time bombs in their mothers bodies. If a grown calf dies, gets stuck and releases bacteria in the birth canal, the mother can die.

Calves that do make it through the birth canal need to swim to the surface and take their first breath immediately. The calves flukes and dorsal fins are floppy in utero, but calves come out tails first over one to two hours so their fins have time to harden in the cold water. Calves can be successful when they're born head first, but they don't have that functional paddle, Nollens says, noting calves usually get assistance from other females.

Throughout this process, theres another threat on the perimeter: male orcas, which can become aroused during childbirth and act aggressively toward the calf if females dont keep them away. Nollens says hes heard reports of newborns with rake marks, and thinks its likely theyre from males thattried to get access to a mom or calf during birth.

Of all the stress points in a whales pregnancy, lactation and weaning require the most work. Pregnancy is cheap it's lactation that is hard, NOAAs Noren says.

When orcas give birth, their caloric needs skyrocket, Nollens says, which means they must work harder to feed themselves and provide 40% fat whale milk to help their newborn grow quickly. If a killer whale has unlimited access to food, the food intake within days will go up 50%, Nollens says.

This responsibility can be overwhelming. Most of these females already have other offspring that they also need to support, so it is a huge demand to support themselves, nurse their young calf and help support other offspring and family members, Fearnbach says.

It can take two to three years, depending on whom you ask, to gradually wean a calf, which is entirely dependent upon its mother until it learns to forage. Dr. Astrid van Ginneken of the Center for Whale Research notes that where fish are scarce, weaning takes longer because calves have fewer fish to supplement their nutrition.

Dozens of researchers, policymakers and stakeholders have spent the past few years coordinating a $1.1 billion plan to save Puget Sounds orcas from low food availability, as well as ocean disturbance and pollution. While all southern residents suffer from the effects of these factors, its especially pronounced for mothers and their newborns.

All of those threats compound each other, and researchers are split on which ones are worse. I know some people are really about, 'It's only the prey, only the prey,' and other people are, you know, anti-boats, I think it's not that simple, Noren says.

In my opinion, to save these whales, we have to be laser focused on the food issue, and then secondarily the toxicants issue, Giles counters.

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Here's what pregnant orcas are up against in Puget Sound - Crosscut

Aug 28

Are You Back at Work? You Need to Get Back in Shape, Too Here’s Why – Massage Magazine

Now, were a nation of less-fit people than we might have been earlier this year, even if we have gone back to work. That needs to change and you can get in shape, quickly, with regular activity.

Did you know that not being active can actually harm your health in the same way that being active can enhance it? Many people may be tempted to say something along the lines of, Yes, I know that being more active is good for me, but if I slack off, I will just stay in the same condition I am now. So, no harm if I decide to spend more time watching television.

But research continues to show, in a very stark way, that physical inactivity is not only harmful to your health (the WHO says inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality) but that it can quickly undo whatever health benefits you may have gained from previous physical activities.

It also may be tempting for you to believe that if you dont have a weight issue, you are in the clear and dont need as much or any physical activity to stay healthy. The truth is that not being physically active increases everyones risk of dying from a preventable disease.

This includes an increased chance of developing diabetes, heart disease, stroke, depression and certain cancers, to name a few. In fact, someone who is mostly sedentary has an up to 30% increased risk of death compared to people who move regularly.

Remember the expression about something taking years to build and only a second to break? Whoever came up with it could just as easily have been talking about how quickly we can lose the benefits of having an active lifestyle. How quickly? While some changes are almost immediately noticeable, the general research consensus is that within two weeks of decreasing physical activity, negative changes can be seen across a variety of health measurements.

According to the well-respected Cleveland Clinic, cutting back on physical activity can take a toll on muscle mass and increase body fat in just two weeks. These changes can increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease and other chronic conditions.

Other physiological changes that research has identified include:

A rise in blood pressure among a group of pre-hypertensive men who were using exercise as a way to lower their blood pressure

Blood sugar levels remaining elevated after a meal after only three days of being sedentary

Decrease in metabolic rate, which can result in weight gain and changes in body composition

The heart losing the efficiency it built up with exercise and physical activity it can start losing its ability to handle extra blood flow by up to five percent in 24 hours, and resting heartbeat also starts increasing by up to four to 15 beats per minute within a month of reducing physical activity

Cholesterol levels may increase

The bodys ability to effectively use oxygen (technically known as VO2 max) declines so drastically that most of the aerobic capacity gained over the previous two or three months is lost within two to four weeks.

How quickly anyone will see these declines will depend on how active they were before going inactive, their age (the older someone is, the quicker the decline), and why the person is taking a break. Everyone is unique, but everyone who becomes sedentary or reduces previous activity levels will experience these types of negative changes.

Faced with this information, its quite possible that your clients may simply throw up their hands and say, Why bother? Pass me the chips, please. But before they give up on getting in shape, make sure they know that the good news is that they can start to reverse the damage of inactivity pretty quickly.

In fact, research indicates some markers will return to where they were in about the same amount of time a person was inactive. Others may take a little longer to get back to where they were before they hit the couch. Again, factors such as age play a role.

Cardiovascular function, for example, returns to where it was within two weeks. Body fat, waist circumference and insulin sensitivity also come back fairly quickly. Regaining muscle mass and VO2 max capacity, however, could take twice as long as the time someone was inactive to get back to where they were (but they do return). And the younger someone is, the quicker they can get in shape and return to where they were.

This should almost go without saying, but good nutrition goes hand-in-hand with being active. Neither alone will promote good health; if someone is not giving their body what it needs, no amount of exercise will make up for nutritional deficiencies and no amount of healthy eating will make up for, or negate, a sedentary lifestyle.

What kind of diet is best? Research continues to indicate that a primarily plant-based diet that includes a wide variety of fresh fruits and vegetables is best. Some foods that are great for getting the nutrition needed for a healthy, active lifestyle are spinach, pumpkin seeds, yogurt, avocados, dark chocolate and bananas for magnesium; nuts, lima beans, broccoli, sweet potatoes and tomatoes for potassium; lamb, pumpkin seeds, mushrooms, chicken and chickpeas for zinc; and wheat-bran cereals, whole-grain products and shellfish for copper.

Its also important that meals are prepared at home as much as possible to be able to better control what is in (and not in) each meal and also to have better portion control.

You might also consider including routine,comprehensive nutrient testsas part of your active, healthy lifestyle. If someone is nutritionally unbalanced (meaning they have too much or too little of a specific nutrient), this may increase their risk of developing cardiovascular issues and other conditions that could make it difficult to perform physically. If the test reveals an imbalance, a competent health care professional can help with making the necessary dietary changes or recommend quality supplements you can take.

Start back slowly by setting realistic goals and not overdoing it at the beginning getting active is not an all-or-nothing endeavor. See how easy it is to increase your activity levels with things you do every day, such as walking when you talk on the phone, or parking at the far end of a parking lot or taking the stairs.

To get in shape without turning it into an unpleasant grind, do something you enjoy versus something you think you should be doing. Consider getting a training app to track your progress and give you motivation. And remember to fuel your body with the food and supplementation it craves.

Joy Stephenson-Laws is the founder of Proactive Health Labs, a national nonprofit health information company that provides education and tools needed to achieve optimal health. Her most recent book is Minerals The Forgotten Nutrient: Your Secret Weapon for Getting and Staying Healthy, available through Amazon, iTunes and bookstores. Her articles for MASSAGE Magazine include Dr. Google Will See You Now But That Might Not Be Best and Mineral Research That Does Not Lie.

Are You Back at Work? You Need to Get Back in Shape, Too Here's Why - Massage Magazine

Aug 28

Is obesity linked to severe COVID-19 complications and increased risk of death? – The Indian Express

New Delhi | Updated: August 28, 2020 2:10:12 pm

Written by Dr Akshay Budhraja

With the COVID 19 pandemic infecting millions of people across the world, minimising mortality remains the top focus of the medical community as well as policymakers. While it is evidently understood that the elderly and people with co-morbidities such as heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease or hypertension are at higher risk of mortality from the novel coronavirus, new evidence has revealed a close link between obesity and a higher risk of complications. Studies have indicated that obese people face a greater risk of intubation and death from COVID 19. In this light, controlling obesity is not just a general health concern anymore but has become specifically important in controlling mortality from COVID 19.

The higher the weight, the greater the risk

As early as March, a small study in China first indicated that overweight Chinese patients were more likely to die from COVID 19 as compared to their lighter counterparts. Now, a new study published in the Annals of Internal Medicine has concluded that patients with obesity had an increased risk for intubation or death with the risk highest for class 3 obesity. In fact, for obese people the risk was higher than overweight people. The researchers analysed data from 2,466 patients hospitalised with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 infection. Interestingly, the association with obesity was observed in adults younger than 65 years but not in older adults.

Obesity, already a global epidemic

Increased consumption of unhealthy processed and nutrient-dense foods and reduced physical activity has over the past 50 years unleashed an obesity pandemic across the world. According to WHO, more than 1.9 billion adults aged 18 years and older were overweight in 2016. Of these over 650 million were obese. In fact, the worldwide prevalence of obesity nearly tripled between 1975 and 2016.

Considered a health burden of the developed world earlier, obesity is increasing rapidly in developing countries such as India in recent years. An estimate suggests that in India more than 135 million individuals were affected by obesity, which is a risk factor for a series of chronic diseases including diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, to name a few.

Obesity interferes with immune response

Not only does obesity makes patients with co-morbidities more vulnerable to COVID-related complications, adipose fat directly interferes with the bodys immune response as well. Researchers in immunometabolism suspect that even vaccines such as those for influenza, hepatitis B etc are less effective in people with obesity. This makes it harder for even a vaccine (whenever it is made available) to protect obese people from coronavirus.

Active transport such as cycling need of the hour

While coronavirus further necessitates controlling the obesity epidemic, physical activity has taken a backseat during these unsettling times as people stay indoors and avoid gyms and outdoor exercise routines. To counter this slump in physical activity and curb obesity during the COVID era, UK has initiated a major campaign to give thrust to active transport. UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson, himself a COVID 19 survivor, admitted that he was way overweight when admitted to ICU with the disease. He has launched 2 billion initiative to build thousands of miles of protected bike lanes across towns and cities, offer cycle training for everyone and make bikes available on prescription.

With a large population of overweight people, India too must work towards similar initiatives that encourage cycling and walking in everyday lives. An extensive campaign is needed to educate overweight people about the high risk they face from the disease and the need to reduce weight to decrease their vulnerability to the virus. Urban infrastructure must be redesigned quickly to make it more amenable to cyclists. Having a large number of people who have BMI above 25+ with coronavirus will also pose a heavy burden on our already overloaded healthcare systems. Not only do people with obesity face severe complications, but disease management is also difficult in them since it is tougher to intubate obese people and is also difficult to obtain diagnostic imaging for them.

ALSO READ | Boris Johnsons new tactic against Covid-19: Urge Britons to lose weight

What can be done?

*Ensure 50 minutes of safe physical exercise daily but avoid public gyms and group workout sessions.

*Try to incorporate cycling and walking in your daily activities such as traveling to work, traveling to buy groceries, etc

*Cycling and walking are the safest outdoor exercises. They also help build lung capacity. Cycling also benefits in keeping co-morbidities such as hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease under control.

*Limit consumption of processed foods and foods laced with refined sugar.

*Consume more fruits, vegetables and fibrous foods.

The author is a consultant, respiratory and sleep medicine, Aakash Healthcare and Super Speciality Hospital

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Is obesity linked to severe COVID-19 complications and increased risk of death? - The Indian Express

Aug 28

I Was Diagnosed With PCOS and Then Undiagnosed 3 Years Later – POPSUGAR

I was sitting on the uncomfortable, crinkly paper of the check-up table at my pediatrician's office. "When did you get your last period?" she asked.

"Uh, like sometime in eighth grade. Maybe April 2016?"

"No, not your first one. When was your most recent period?"

"April 2016 . . . "

I was 17 and had only ever had my period once. Throughout adolescence, this had never seemed to worry my pediatrician much. She would blame my missing periods on my being really athletic, or tell me I could try to eat more soy to help get things going. But at 17, she finally recommended I get some blood work done and schedule an appointment with a gynecologist.

After asking just a few questions, the gynecologist diagnosed me with polycystic ovarian syndrome, or PCOS. I didn't have any of the physical symptoms usually associated with PCOS, and she diagnosed me so quickly that it made me nervous. But suddenly, I apparently had a medical condition to explain why my period never came.

I was put on birth control to help regulate my cycle, but when my periods began, they were irregular and inconsistent. I'd have month-long cycles, or just bleed for three random nonconsecutive days during the month. Admittedly, I could have been better about taking my birth control. Between a summer at camp and starting college halfway across the country, I was moving around so much that sometimes I'd lose my last pack or go months without refilling my prescription. But the uncertainty of this diagnosis also caused me a lot of unnecessary stress. I was told from the beginning that, left untreated, PCOS could lead to cancer later in life and that I would probably be infertile. Yet I wasn't seeing a gynecologist regularly, and I never had an ultrasound to evaluate my ovaries. How was I supposed to know if what I was doing was helping or making things worse?

Thankfully, the app I used to get birth control stopped taking my insurance, so I had to go see a gynecologist again. I went to a different doctor this time, and after just a few questions, I was . . . undiagnosed with PCOS. The gynecologist simply explained that I was probably misdiagnosed the first time. After three years of worrying about my reproductive health and future, I suddenly didn't have PCOS anymore. Yet this didn't make any of the uncertainty go away.

Rashmi Kudesia, MD, a reproductive endocrinologist, infertility specialist, and director of patient education at CCRM Fertility Houston, explained that my experience with PCOS isn't that rare. Dr. Kudesia said that often, people may go undiagnosed or get misdiagnosed due to confusion with the diagnostic criteria. In fact, she recommends not diagnosing PCOS until eight years after a patient starts getting periods, as some of the symptoms like cystic acne or weight gain can just be part of adolescence. PCOS can also manifest itself in very different ways from one person to the next.

For people who don't necessarily fit the typical symptoms of PCOS, "it starts to feel like maybe the diagnosis is incorrect, but it's kind of a larger umbrella diagnosis, and there can be a lot of different manifestations within it," Dr. Kudesia told POPSUGAR. She acknowledged that this can add stress to an already troubling diagnosis.

Like me, many young people feel particularly anxious about their fertility, whether they're planning to get pregnant or not. For this reason, Dr. Kudesia focuses on addressing five areas of possible concern for her patients: irregular cycles, infertility, high androgen levels (which can cause acne or hair growth), weight issues, and mental health. She works to ensure they have all the information they need to understand their diagnosis and how it affects their overall health. It's important to note that there isn't one path for treatment that can help manage all these things, which might explain why I felt so anxious about my diagnosis. The gynecologists I saw were only concerned about treating my irregular cycles, while I was worried about all the other possible consequences of PCOS.

I'm still not sure if I have PCOS or not, and with all the anxiety and stress my diagnosis caused, I wasn't planning to get another opinion. I'm realizing, though, that it's probably best I do.

I know now that my journey with this diagnosis shouldn't have been as stressful and uninformative as it was. "Education is superimportant," Dr. Kudesia said. "The key is, young [people] need to think about how they can understand their own bodies and find a healthcare provider who empowers them to really understand and take control of their reproductive health." My doctors didn't do that, so I guess I have to begin my search again.

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I Was Diagnosed With PCOS and Then Undiagnosed 3 Years Later - POPSUGAR

Aug 26

Tia Mowry lost 68 pounds since giving birth and has a message for moms – TODAY

Tia Mowry is proud that she took her time losing extra weight from her pregnancy.

The former "Sister, Sister" star shared a photo of her slim new look Tuesday on Instagram and in her caption, she revealed she lost 68 pounds since welcoming baby daughter Cairo, 2, in May 2018.

"I've lost to date 68 pounds since giving birth to my daughter. Im very proud that I did it my way and in my time. I didnt feel rushed to snap back. I enjoyed breast feeding and spending quality time with #cairo and my son #cree," wrote Mowry, who posed in denim short shorts and a gray turtleneck.

The 42-year-old actor, who also rocked a few gray curls in her pic, went on to remind new moms to ignore the pressure to lose pregnancy weight quickly.

Trending stories,celebrity news and all the best of TODAY.

"To all the women who are feeling pressured after birth. Do YOU! Do what makes YOU proud and do it in YOUR time. Not anyone elses," she wrote.

Mowry's fans commented to tell her she looked fabulous and to thank her for sharing her post-pregnancy wisdom.

"Exactly, people don't understand it took 9 months to gain the weight gonna take much longer to lose it. You are looking great keep it up!," one wrote.

"You go Tia! Love that you did it for you and on your time!," gushed another.

The "Family Reunion" alum, who also shares a son, Cree, 9, with husband Cory Hardrict, 40, revealed in October 2019 that she was dropping pregnancy pounds on a timeline that worked for her.

"Checking in. #17months post pregnant. I did it my way and in my time. Many women feel the need to #snapback right away after they deliver. That was never the goal for me, she wrote alongside a Instagram photo of herself in a blue unitard.

She also candidly revealed that she was fat-shamed during and after her pregnancy with Cairo.

"I was called #fat during my #pregnancy and I was called #fat after my #pregnancy. Why do we do this to each other? Instead of #love one another other? I will never understand that. I intentionally documented my journey and became vulnerable to show #women that its okay to go at your own pace, it is okay to love yourself no matter where you are in your journey," she wrote.

"Do not fold to societal pressures," she advised mothers everywhere. Mowry ended her post by saying she embraced her body just as it was.

"After hard work with just diet and exercise, today Im closer to my goal," she wrote. "Do I have loose skin and stretch marks? YES. Guess what?? I LOVE all me and I want you to love all of you too."

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Tia Mowry lost 68 pounds since giving birth and has a message for moms - TODAY

Aug 26

7 Mistakes You May Be Making While Trying to Lose Belly Fat – News18

It doesnt matter whether youre a man, a woman, a 30-year-old or a 50-year-old, that accumulation of fat on your abdomen isnt exactly ideal. Not only does a muffin top hinder your movement and flexibility, but visceral fat (also known as belly fat) is also a huge risk factor for metabolic syndrome, hypertension, heart attack, stroke, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, and even cancer and Alzheimers. So, losing excess belly fat is of the utmost importance, although doing that may be easier said than done.

This is primarily because while you may pick up a fad diet to lose belly fat, the key to this particular problem lies with your lifestyle. Sure, genetics, age and underlying health conditions may have a role to play in the accumulation but, in most cases, its how you live your life that dictates why you have belly fat. The following are some of the main reasons why you have belly fat and arent able to lose it as quickly as you probably gained it.

1. You love the wrong foods too much

Fried, junk, processed, sugary, cheesy and rich - if thats how you like your food, then thats the primary reason behind your visceral fat. All of these foods are packed with sugar, salt, trans fats and other unhealthy compounds your body finds difficult to metabolize and therefore stores as fat over your abdomen. Your diet should instead have fresh fruits, vegetables, whole grains, lean proteins, nuts and seeds.

2. You smoke

If you think lighting up gives you better control over your appetite and helps you lose weight, heres some news. Heavy tobacco use has been linked to an increase in visceral adiposity and abdominal obesity by almost all recent studies from around the world. Smoking may reduce your cravings, but it pushes all the fat deposits into the belly, leading to pot bellies.

3. You dont drink enough water

Drinking sufficient amount of water throughout the day is very important for your metabolism. Not only does increased water intake burn calories, but it also flushes out all the toxins in your system. If you have belly fat and dont drink enough water, its likely you wont lose that weight unless you change this habit.

4. You are too stressed

For a lot of people, stress induces overeating - which is a top reason behind a pot belly as well as overall obesity. Increased stress can shoot up the cortisol levels in the body, which in turn can increase abdominal fat deposits. This increase in cortisol and belly fat is especially observed in the case of women.

5. You live without movement

Theres no healthy weight or fat loss without exercise. Its simply not possible to lead a wholly sedentary lifestyle with minimal mobility and not gain a fair amount of fat around the abdomen. If youre inactive then severe abdominal obesity is probably never going to resolve itself.

6. You love drinking beer and sugary drinks

Simple carbs are harmful and can lead to fat gain in the body - you might have heard this basic nutrition mantra, but do you know what it means? It means that excessive beer or sugary drink consumption (including fructose-packed energy drinks or diet soda) will inevitably lead to excess belly fat because these drinks are basically nothing more than simple carbs.

7. You dont get enough sleep

Not only can sleeping less than five hours a day lead to weight gain, but it can also cause lethargy, excess appetite and other causes of visceral fat gain. Untreated sleep disorders are also linked to abdominal fat gain, so get enough sleep every night and consult a doctor if required.

For more information, read our article on How to reduce belly fat and get a flat tummy.

Health articles on News18 are written by, Indias first and biggest resource for verified medical information. At myUpchar, researchers and journalists work with doctors to bring you information on all things health.

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7 Mistakes You May Be Making While Trying to Lose Belly Fat - News18

Aug 26

What is the difference between simple and complex carbohydrates? – MassNews

We all know that carbs get a bad reputation but why? Carbohydrates are an essential part of diets they provide sugar and energy that our body needs in order to function properly. Carbs are what give us fuel to everyday things like walk or pick up a phone. The only thing about carbs is that there are some that are good and some that are bad they are like their own evil twin sibling. The good carbs are called complex and the bad is called simple. Eating both of these types of carbs as part of a balanced diet can be good for your body. Although you want to eat more of the complex carbs because they provide more energy and nutrients that your body needs. Here is why complex carbs are better and what is the difference between simple and complex carbs and why you should avoid slow-digesting carbohydrates.

Understanding carbohydrates: First lets take a look at what carbohydrates are. Carbohydrates are sugar molecules that your body uses for energy. Just like plants need photosynthesis to survive we need carbohydrates. Carbohydrates are what give us fuel and energy to do everyday things like walking and talking. Carbs are separated into two categories simple and complex depending on their chemical structure and how quickly the sugar is digested and absorbed by your body they will be put into simple or complex categories. These two categories of carbs are essential for you to know in order to make the right choices when you eat food. Putting nutritious and healthy food into your body is crucial for you to live a healthy life.

Simple carbs: Even though their name says simple there is nothing simple about these carbs in your body. Simple carbs are digested by your body very easily but these types of carbs can spike up your glucose levels making it harder for your body to maintain a good balance. When simple carbs are being digested by your body they break down into sugar. These carbs create fast and powerful energy that only lasts a short time. Once your body produces that much energy it starts slowing down and you start to get tired. These highly processed carbs you need to stay away as much as possible. Simple carbs include refined sugar, candy, and cakes basically, anything that is processed or refined.

Complex carbs: These types of carbs do the same thing as simple carbs, but the difference is in the timing and how long it takes your body to digest the carbs. Complex carbs are denser with nutrients that are high in fiber. If you are trying to lose weight eating more complex carbs would be ideal. Complex carbs make you feel full for longer periods of time. Complex carbs can also help people manage type 2 diabetes better since the food does not spike up their glucose levels like simple. It also helps people stay more active as the energy they provide is spread out through the day rather than a very quick sugar rush like simple carbs. Foods that are complex carbs are whole grains, broccoli, asparagus, and legumes.

Limit highly processed food: You can eat processed foods your body can take it. You just have to moderate your intake. Ways to help with cutting back processed foods is to cook more at home. You dont need to be a master chef in order to cook great meals all you need it to brush up in your skills and youll be good to go. Another way is to snack smatter. We as humans love to snack and why not right? We recommend for you to eat more nuts, cut up veggies, or fruits that hit your sweet spot. You can prepackage these snacks for later use instead of grabbing your regular bag of chips.

Your body needs carbs in order to function properly as we have already discussed. Carbs also give you that satisfying feeling of being full. You dont crave as much food when you eat complex carbs. When simple carbs are being processed in your bloodstream the process goes very fast, because the sugars in the carbs are refined and dont contain as many nutrients as that are harder to digest by your body. When complex carbs are being digested by your body since they have to break down every single nutrient and molecule that has that carb your body will take longer thus feeling fuller longer. You dont need to eat a lot in order to feel full you just need to eat better food. Snacking smarter is very helpful not only are you putting healthy food into your system you are also turning away from harsh additives and preservatives. So take care of your body and stop spiking up your glucose levels with simple carbs and start giving you body the food it deserves.

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What is the difference between simple and complex carbohydrates? - MassNews

Aug 23

Unexplained Weight Loss: 13 Causes and Treatment Options

Unexplained weight loss, or losing weight without trying, can be a cause for concern. It might indicate an underlying condition.

A good rule of thumb is to see your doctor if youve lost a significant amount more than 5 percent of your weight within 6 to 12 months. In addition, take note of any other symptoms to talk over with your doctor.

Remember, not all weight loss is serious. It can happen after a life-changing or stressful event. However, unintentional weight loss may be a sign of one of these medical conditions.

Muscle loss, or muscle wasting, can lead to unexpected weight loss. The major symptom is muscle weakness. One of your limbs may even look smaller than the other.

Your body is made of fat mass and fat-free mass, which includes muscle, bone, and water. If you lose muscle, youll lose weight.

This can happen if you dont use muscles for a while. Its most common in people who dont exercise, work desk jobs, or are bedridden. Generally, exercise and proper nutrition will reverse muscle loss.

Other possible causes of muscle loss include:

Hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid, develops when your thyroid gland makes too much thyroid hormone. These hormones control many functions in the body, including metabolism.

If your thyroid is overactive, youll quickly burn calories even if you have a good appetite. The result can be unintentional weight loss.

Other symptoms include:

Possible causes of hyperthyroidism include:

Treatment of hyperthyroidism depends on your age and severity of your case. Generally, its treated with anti-thyroid medications, radioactive iodine, beta-blockers, or surgery.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease that makes your immune system attack the lining of your joints, leading to inflammation. Chronic inflammation can speed up metabolism and reduce overall weight.

Symptoms of RA include joint swelling and pain. It usually affects the same joints on both sides of your body. If you have RA, your joints might feel stiff if you dont move for an hour or more.

The exact cause of RA is unknown. It may be linked to:

Treatment of RA typically begins with medication. Medications include disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, corticosteroids, biologics, and Janus associated kinase inhibitors.

Another cause of unwanted weight loss is type 1 diabetes. If you have type 1 diabetes, your immune system attacks cells in your pancreas that make insulin. Without insulin, your body cant use glucose for energy. This causes high blood glucose.

Your kidneys remove unused glucose through urine. As sugar leaves your body, so do calories.

Type 1 diabetes also causes:

Treatment of type 1 diabetes includes insulin, blood sugar monitoring, diet modifications, and exercise.

Weight loss may be a side effect of depression, which is defined as feeling sad, lost, or empty for at least two weeks. These emotions interfere with daily activities, such as going to work or school.

Depression affects the same parts of the brain that control appetite. This can lead to poor appetite, and eventually, weight loss.

In some people, depression may increase appetite. The symptoms vary from person to person. Other symptoms of depression include:

Behavioral therapy, psychotherapy, and antidepressants are used to treat depression.

Unexpected weight loss may be a symptom of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD is a term that encompasses several chronic inflammatory disorders of the digestive tract. The two most common types are Crohns disease and ulcerative colitis.

The chronic inflammation of IBD puts your body in a catabolic state, which means that its constantly using up energy.

IBD also disrupts ghrelin, the hunger hormone, and leptin, the satiety hormone. This results in decreased appetite and weight loss.

Additional symptoms include:

These symptoms are triggered by certain foods. If you have IBD, you might be hesitant to eat. Treatment of IBD usually consists of nutritional support, medication, and in some cases, surgery.

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a progressive lung disease. This includes emphysema and chronic bronchitis. Many people with COPD have both.

Emphysema slowly damages the air sacs in your lungs, making it hard to breathe. Chronic bronchitis causes inflammation of the airways that bring air to your lungs. This produces mucus, coughing, and breathing issues.

Early COPD is mild. Some people may not show symptoms but those that may appear include:

In later stages, COPD can cause weight loss. Labored breathing burns a lot of calories. According to Cleveland Clinic, a person with COPD may need 10 more times more calories to breathe than a person without COPD. It can also feel uncomfortable to eat and breathe at the same time.

Symptoms of severe COPD also include:

The main cause of COPD is cigarette smoking. Long-term exposure to irritants such as air pollution and dust can also lead to COPD. Treatment includes medications, such as bronchodilators, and lung therapies, like oxygen therapy.

Endocarditis causes inflammation of your hearts inner lining, or endocardium. It develops when germs usually bacteria enter the bloodstream and collect in your heart.

Most people with endocarditis have a fever. This may come along with a poor appetite. Elevated body temperature also increases metabolism and burns fat, causing weight loss.

Other symptoms include:

Endocarditis is rare in healthy hearts. Its more likely to affect people with damaged heart valves, artificial heart valves, or congenital heart defects. Treatment of endocarditis includes antibiotics and surgery.

Another cause of unexplained weight loss is tuberculosis (TB), a contagious condition that usually affects the lungs. Its caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. Weight loss and decreased appetite are major symptoms of TB, but the reasons arent fully understood.

TB spreads through the air. You can catch TB without getting sick. If your immune system can fight it, the bacteria will become inactive. This is called latent TB.

Over time, it can turn into active TB. Symptoms include:

Some people are at risk for active TB. This includes people with weak immune systems, especially those who have:

TB is typically treated with a course of antibiotics for six to nine months.

Cancer is the general term for diseases that cause abnormal cells to quickly divide and spread. According to the American Cancer Society, one of the first signs may be unexplained weight loss of 10 pounds or more. This is common with cancers of the pancreas, lung, stomach, and esophagus.

Cancer increases inflammation. This promotes muscle wasting and disrupts appetite-regulating hormones. A growing tumor may also increase your resting energy expenditure (REE), or how much energy your body burns at rest.

Early symptoms of cancer also include:

Many conditions can cause these symptoms. Sometimes, cancer doesnt cause any symptoms.

Treatment depends on the type of cancer. Typical treatments include, surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and immunotherapy.

Addisons disease develops when the immune system attacks the adrenal glands. In turn, the adrenal glands cant make enough hormones like cortisol and aldosterone. Cortisol regulates many functions, including metabolism and appetite. Low levels of cortisol may lead to poor appetite and weight loss.

Other symptoms of Addisons disease include:

Addisons disease is rare, affecting roughly 1 in 100,000 people in the United States. Treatment includes medications thatll regulate your adrenal gland.

12. HIV | HIV

HIV attacks immune cells called T cells. This makes it difficult to fight infections. If left untreated, HIV can lead to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Advanced forms of these conditions often cause weight loss.

Symptoms like sore throat, mouth sores, and fatigue can make eating uncomfortable. HIV also increase the risk of secondary infections, which increase REE.

Other symptoms of HIV include:

Symptoms of HIV depend on the person and stage of infection. Antiretroviral therapy is used to treat HIV and stop the spread of the virus and may improve weight loss.

Weight loss is a complication of congestive heart failure (CHF). CHF develops when the heart cant fill up with enough blood, the heart cant pump blood with enough force, or both. It may affect one or both sides of the heart.

If you have CHF, your digestive system cant receive enough blood. This can lead to nausea and early fullness. Additionally, it might be hard to breathe while eating.

The inflammation in damaged heart tissue also speeds up metabolism, causing unintentional weight loss.

CHF symptoms also include:

There are several medications used to treat CHF, including angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, beta-blockers, and diuretics. In some cases, surgery might be necessary.

Compared with women, men have a higher rate of:

Women are at higher risk for COPD. Women are also 2 to 10 times more likely to develop hyperthyroidism and 2 to 3 times more likely to have RA.

Its normal for your body weight to fluctuate. However, if youre losing weight without changing your habits, something else might be going on.

If you experience a 5 percent weight loss in 6 to 12 months, or if you notice any of the above symptoms, visit your doctor.

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Unexplained Weight Loss: 13 Causes and Treatment Options

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