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Apr 18

I Tried the Whole30 for Psoriatic Arthritis and This Is What Happened – Healthline

Learning about the relationship between diet and inflammation helped me make long-term changes and have fewer flare-ups.

After suffering from early-onset arthritis and thick, scaly, itchy patches of skin on my hands for years, some recent unexplained changes in my fingernails led me to request a referral to a rheumatologist.

X-rays and bloodwork confirmed my suspicions I have psoriatic arthritis (PsA).

While my 20-year search for an answer was over, the fight to reduce the inflammation causing my pain was just beginning.

I knew from experience that sugar was a trigger for my joint pain, and for years Id eaten a healthy Mediterranean diet.

But were there other foods that might be contributing to the sudden flare-ups that I experienced?

After reading about the success of others who had tried Whole30, a popular elimination diet, I decided it was worth finding out.

Whole30 isnt a weight loss diet. Its a short-term eating program, created by Melissa Hartwig Urban in 2009, to help people change their relationship with food and determine whether specific foods may be negatively impacting their health.

For 30 days, the following foods are off-limits:

Whats left is whole foods that come from an animal or plant, such as meat, fish, fruit, vegetables, healthy fats like olive oil, and herbs and spices.

After youve been on the plan for a full 30 days comes the reintroduction period. One food is reintroduced at a time, allowing several days to pass between eating the food and reintroducing another food.

This is intended to give your body time to let you know if that particular food causes any unwanted symptoms.

Whole30 is very restrictive, so it isnt recommended as a long-term diet. And while there arent any scientific studies touting health benefits of the Whole30 program, it is similar to though stricter than the popular paleo diet, which has some research to back it up.

To be safe, I asked my provider if she recommended the program, and she gave me the green light to get started.

I decided to take the program one step further and removed nightshades from my diet. Nightshades, including tomatoes and peppers, are packed full of nutrition but I suspected they were triggering some of my joint pain.

There is no scientific evidence that nightshades increase inflammation, but some people do find that their joints hurt more when they eat them.

I found the program fairly easy to follow, as long as I cooked most of my own food. The easiest meals were breakfast and lunch.

I eat the same thing almost every morning: eggs, spinach, and avocado. If I added a sweet potato and some extra olive oil, I was satisfied for 4 hours.

Lunch for me is usually a simple salad, or fruit, prosciutto, and olives, or both. As long as the dressing was on-plan, this was still a good option.

My favorite time hack involved preparing extra food for dinner that I could repurpose the next day for lunch.

I found dinner to be the most challenging meal. Since I was no longer eating nightshades, I reworked some of my favorite recipes. I found a wonderful nightshade-free taco seasoning recipe online that made Mexican night possible.

Since I didnt want to cook every single night for a month, I needed to find a takeout restaurant that could accommodate my restrictions.

A local Mediterranean restaurant listed their ingredients online, and I was able to get a meal that was Whole30 compliant. Having this option available felt like a life saver.

Snacks are generally discouraged on the Whole30 program, but as long as the snack is just a smaller version of a meal, its allowed. On-plan turkey slices and mayo layered with lettuce and sprouts became my go-to afternoon pick-me-up.

After being on the program for about a week, I noticed I wasnt in as much pain.

On the other hand, about halfway through the month, I had a moment of weakness. I ate a bite of white potato and some takeout food that had been seasoned with red pepper flakes.

By the time I went to bed that night, I had developed full-body joint pain. These foods are nightshades, so I was pretty sure Id identified one of my triggers.

After getting back on track and completing the 30 days, my pain had improved so much that I cut my anti-inflammatory medication back to once a week.

I saw my rheumatologist while I was completing the Whole30 program to discuss whether I would need another medication for psoriatic arthritis. I told him that I had cut back on my NSAID and that the rough patches on my skin had smoothed out and were no longer cracked and peeling.

My doctor knew that I was doing a Whole30 round and credited my improved symptoms to the elimination of inflammatory foods. He also said I was doing so well that I didnt need to go on medication.

To kick off the reintroduction phase of the program, I had a glass of wine on day 31 with dinner. While it didnt trigger any pain, it also wasnt the feel-good end-of-day solace I remembered.

Next I added sourdough bread and a small amount of sugar in the form of honey. Again, I found I didnt enjoy them as much as I used to. And the joint pain was back.

The last food I officially reintroduced was spicy pepper seasonings and spices, like red pepper flakes. Maybe I didnt need to test nightshades again, but I love spicy foods. And yes, I had a flare-up of full-body joint pain.

At this point, I went off plan. I had already identified a few foods that were causing me pain, and it was time for a break from all the restrictions. But I felt so good after finishing my first Whole30 that I knew I would go through the program again.

The reintroduction phase not only cemented my belief that some foods cause inflammation in my body, but also that my relationship with certain foods was built on habit, rather than need or joy.

I have hereditary high cholesterol and find it hard to keep my numbers in a good range. At the end of my Whole30 round, my total cholesterol was down 60 points and my triglycerides were finally within normal range.

While weight loss wasnt my goal, I was thrilled to discover that Id lost 5 pounds. My clothes were fitting looser and I felt lighter.

The no snacking rule made it easier to fall asleep at night, and I had more energy in the evenings.

As a short-term eating program designed to reset both the body and the mind, I feel the Whole30 program was a success.

It also worked very well as an elimination diet. I felt less pain and had more energy by the end of the Whole30 program.

If you want to explore the Whole30 program, I recommend reading over the official website and having a conversation with your doctor to make sure the program is appropriate for your situation.

Cindy Blye is a nurse and health writer/journalist in North Carolina. Her works have appeared in various nursing blogs and online health news websites. Shes passionate about helping people live a healthier and more energetic life. When she isnt writing, you can find her gardening, cooking, hiking, biking, reading, or eating dark chocolate.

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I Tried the Whole30 for Psoriatic Arthritis and This Is What Happened - Healthline

Apr 18

Weight loss: Best exercises in the gym for weight loss and how to ease back after lockdown – Express

Sports facilities reopened in England on Monday, April 12, and many Britons have been heading back to their local gym this week. But it is important to go slowly when you begin training again in order to avoid injuries.

Gary Lockwood, CEO of the British gym chain 24/7 Fitness, has shared his top tips on returning to the gym after lockdown, as well as sharing the best exercises to do in a gym for weight loss.

The first thing Gary recommended you do before going back to your local gym is to be prepared.

He advised bringing your own hand sanitiser and wipes to clean the machines before and after you use them.

Gary also highlighted that changing rooms in some gyms will not be open, so it is worth keeping this in mind before heading to the gym.

READ MORE:Location, Location, Location star Kirstie Allsopp shares show insight

Although it is likely you will want to work hard when you are in the gym, Gary advised reducing your usual session time at first and saving the hard graft for once you have settled back into your new workout routine.

Once you feel ready to start working a little harder in the gym, it is worth trying out new exercises that you may not have necessarily done in the gym before.

Gary outlined the best exercises in the gym for weight loss, and these include skipping rope, sprints, kickboxing, spinning, running, rowing, and stair climbing.

Surprisingly, skipping rope is the best for weight loss if you can maintain the exercise as the average person can burn from 667 to 990 calories an hour when doing so.

However, if you do not yet feel ready to go back to the gym, Gary recommended looking up online classes to do from your home.

Find one that suits you, and maintain your fitness from home in between your gym sessions, the CEO said.

Gary also highlighted the importance of eating a healthy diet and sleeping well, as well as maintaining regular exercise.

Keeping healthy will make you feel both mentally and physically better, and will consequently lead to weight loss.

See more here:
Weight loss: Best exercises in the gym for weight loss and how to ease back after lockdown - Express

Apr 18

Popular Foods That May Cause Lasting Damage to Your Gut, According to Science | Eat This Not That – Eat This, Not That

Any food can be a part of your diet, as long as you eat it in moderation. Your favorite sugary dessert, fast-food cheeseburger, and even a glass of wine can all fit into a balanced diet. However, it's when these popular foods are eaten in excess where lasting damage can occur in your gut. While these items may be tasty, they aren't doing much for promoting good gut health for the long term.

So which items should you be aware of? We spoke with a few registered dietitians about different popular foods that cause lasting damage to your gut if you eat them in excess. Here's what they had to say, and if you're looking for better-for-you food options, check out our list of 100 Easiest Recipes You Can Make.

"Refined sugars, like cookies, candy, cakes, and sweetened beverages can cause damage to your gut," says Theresa Gentile, MS, RDN, Owner of Full Plate Nutrition and Media Spokesperson for the NY State Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. "These sugars, especially high fructose corn syrup, decrease the number of good bacteria in the gut and increase the number of bad bacteria. This negative result causes inflammation which can affect the permeability of the gut wall. This can lead to inflammatory disorders, such as obesity and cardiovascular disease."

Don't know if your favorite foods have HFCS? Here are 23 Surprising Foods That Contain High Fructose Corn Syrup.

"The most damaging food to the gut is sugar, high fructose corn syrup, and all processed foods," says Jamie Feit, MS, RD, and expert at "Anything your great-grandmother wouldn't recognize as food would be smart to avoid to protect your gut."

"A diet high in ultra-processed foods [is] high in refined grains, added sugar, and salt and low in fiber and antioxidants which are good for your gut," says Lisa Young, PhD, RDN and author of Finally Full, Finally Slim. "A diet high in ultra-processed foods and sugar may reduce the gut-friendly bacteria."

Here's Why You Need Antioxidants In Your DietAnd How To Eat More Of Them.

Your favorite deep-fried chicken sandwich may be a nice treat to enjoy once in a blue moon, but it's exactly the best food to have on a regular basis. Ricci-Lee Holtz, RD and expert at, mentions how deep-fried foods are easily one of the popular foods that damage your gut, and how they can promote the growth of unwanted bacteria as well as causing inflammation, gas, and cramping.

"[Fried foods] are high in cholesterol and fats and are not good for your gut and digestive system," says Shannon Henry, RD at EZCare Clinic.

Here are the Dangerous Side Effects of Eating Fried Foods, According to Science.

Not all protein bars are created equal. In fact, there are many protein barsor other types of meal replacement barson grocery shelves that are full of unwanted added sugars and carbohydrates that are causing damage to your gut.

"Processed meal replacement bars are damaging to gut health and metabolism," says Trista Best, MPH, RD, LD, a registered dietitian at Balance One Supplements. "Whether they be granola bars, cereal bars, and even protein bars, these processed meal replacements can lower your health for one key reason; added sugar or refined carbohydrates."

"They are typically loaded with sugar and refined carbohydrates both of which are harmful to gut health," says Best. "Added and excess sugar slows the metabolism by overloading the liver making it more quickly to be stored as fat. This simultaneously slows metabolism and causes weight gain. This added sugar feeds the bad bacteria in the gut which can lead to gut dysbiosis."

Surprisingly enough, drinking red wine in moderation can actually do a lot for your body. Believe it or not, wine is even considered an essential part of the Mediterranean diet, which is the most successful diet for weight loss, according to the U.S. News & World Report.

However, like any rich food, having too much of it can cause issues with your healthespecially your gut. Alcohol is definitely one of them.

"Too much alcohol may reduce the number of beneficial bacteria in the gut," says Young.

Young also points out that having red wine in moderation can promote polyphenol content, which is a powerful antioxidant that helps your body to ward off disease. So a glass of red wine every now and then can actually help your bodybut drinking a whole bottle at a time might not.

Artificial sweeteners may have been debunked as a food that causes weight gain or leads to chronic diseases, but they still aren't the best for your body's gut bacteria. In fact, according to Holtz, "artificial sweeteners can even cause a decrease in beneficial gut bacteria."

One study published by the journal Advances in Nutrition points out how sweeteners can have an effect on gut microbiota, which proves that artificial sweeteners can cause alterations in the body's metabolic pathways linked to glucose tolerance. Gut microbiota is the bacteria in your gut that help with digestion. A healthy gut microbiota means a healthier stomach and GI tract during digestion.

Artificial sweeteners can also have immediate effects on your stomach, as well as these long-term effects.

"By using too much artificial sugar/sweeteners which are made up of sorbitol cause cramps and diarrhea," says Henry.

It's safe to say that if you're looking for something sweet, turning to a natural sweetener (like honey or maple syrup) and consuming them in moderation would be a much better choice for your body's gut health. Or simply grab your favorite fresh fruit!

For more on improving your gut's bacteria, here's The Best Way to Eat for Your Microbiome and Improve Gut Health.

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Popular Foods That May Cause Lasting Damage to Your Gut, According to Science | Eat This Not That - Eat This, Not That

Apr 18

Bariatric Surgery Lowers Cancer Risk in People With Obesity and NAFLD – Cancer Health Treatment News

Bariatric surgery significantly reduced the risk of cancer in people with non-alcoholic liver disease (NAFLD)with severe overweight, according to findings published in Gastroenterology.

We knew that obesity leads to certain problems, including cancer, but no one had ever looked at it the other way aroundwhether weight loss actually reduced the risk of those cancers, Vinod K. Rustgi, MD, of the Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine, in New Jersey, said in a press release. Our study showed that all cancers were decreased, but obesity-related cancers in particular were decreased even more.

Arising from the accumulation of fat in the liver, NAFLD and its more severe form, non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), are responsible for a growing proportion of advanced liver disease worldwide. As a result of inflammation, NAFLD can lead to the buildup of scar tissue (fibrosis), cirrhosis (advanced scarring) and even liver cancer. With no approved drugs to treat fatty liver disease, its management relies on lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise.

NAFLD is associated with obesity, which raises the risk of several types of cancer. Rustgi and his colleagues examined the impact of bariatric surgery on cancer risk in people with NAFLD and extreme obesity. Bariatric surgerygastric bypass and related proceduresalters the gastrointestinal tract so as to make weight loss more achievable for people with severe obesity.

The researchers conducted a retrospective cohort study among individuals ages 18 to 64 with severe obesity who were recently diagnosed with NAFLD between 2007 and 2017. The team included 98,090 participants, of whom 33,435 (34%) underwent bariatric surgery.

Among those who did not undergo bariatric surgery, 1,898 people developed cancer over 115,890 person-years of follow-up. On the other hand, there were 925 cancer cases over 67,390 person-years among those who did not have surgery.

Among those who underwent bariatric surgery, the risk of all cancers dropped by 18%, while the risk of obesity-related cancers fell by 25%, respectively. Specifically, the researchers noted a reduction in the risk of colorectal, pancreatic, thyroid and endometrial cancer as well as hepatocellular carcinoma (the most common type of liver cancer) and multiple myeloma. Moreover, the risk of developing cancer was especially reduced for individuals with cirrhosis who underwent bariatric surgery (a 52% drop) compared with those who did not have cirrhosis (a 38% drop).

Though bariatric surgery is a more aggressive approach than lifestyle modifications, surgery may provide additional benefits, such as improved quality of life and decreased long-term health care costs, suggested the researchers.

Click here to read the study in Gastroenterology.

Click here to learn more about fatty liver disease.

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Bariatric Surgery Lowers Cancer Risk in People With Obesity and NAFLD - Cancer Health Treatment News

Apr 18

Weight Loss and Diet Management Market Blockbuster Growth Opportunity | Weight Watchers, Abbott Nutrition, The Coca-Cola, Pepsico, Nutrisystem KSU |…

The Weight Loss and Diet Management market research report added by Report Ocean, is an in-depth analysis of the latest developments, market size, status, upcoming technologies, industry drivers, challenges, regulatory policies, with key company profiles and strategies of players. The research study provides market overview, Weight Loss and Diet Management market definition, regional market opportunity, sales and revenue by region, manufacturing cost analysis, Industrial Chain, market effect factors analysis, Weight Loss and Diet Management market size forecast, market data&Graphs and Statistics, Tables, Bar &Pie Charts, and many more for business intelligence.

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Key Segments Studied in the Global Weight Loss and Diet Management Market

Better-for-You-Food & Beverages

Weight Loss Supplements

Meal Replacements

Low-Calorie Sweeteners


Segment by Application

Supermarkets and Hypermarkets

Health & Beauty Stores

Independent Retailers

Online Distribution

Geographical Breakdown: Regional level analysis of the market, currently covering North America, Europe, China & Japan

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Key Points Covered in Weight Loss and Diet Management Market Report:

Chapter 1, to describe Definition, Specifications and Classification of Global Weight Loss and Diet Management, Applications of, Market Segment by Regions;Chapter 2, to analyze the Manufacturing Cost Structure, Raw Material and Suppliers, Manufacturing Process, Industry Chain Structure;Chapter 3, to display the Technical Data and Manufacturing Plants Analysis of , Capacity and Commercial Production Date, Manufacturing Plants Distribution, Export & Import, R&D Status and Technology Source, Raw Materials Sources Analysis;Chapter 4, to show the Overall Market Analysis, Capacity Analysis (Company Segment), Sales Analysis (Company Segment), Sales Price Analysis (Company Segment);Chapter 5 and 6, to show the Regional Market Analysis that includes United States, EU, Japan, China, India & Southeast Asia, Segment Market Analysis (by Type);Chapter 7 and 8, to explore the Market Analysis by Application Major Manufacturers Analysis;Chapter 9, Market Trend Analysis, Regional Market Trend, Market Trend by Product Type, Market Trend by Application;Chapter 10, Regional Marketing Type Analysis, International Trade Type Analysis, Supply Chain Analysis;Chapter 11, to analyze the Consumers Analysis of Global Weight Loss and Diet Management by region, type and application;Chapter 12, to describe Weight Loss and Diet Management Research Findings and Conclusion, Appendix, methodology and data source;Chapter 13, 14 and 15, to describe Weight Loss and Diet Management sales channel, distributors, traders, dealers, Research Findings and Conclusion, appendix and data source.


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Weight Loss and Diet Management Market Blockbuster Growth Opportunity | Weight Watchers, Abbott Nutrition, The Coca-Cola, Pepsico, Nutrisystem KSU |...

Apr 4

Mikki Reilly: In Fight Against COVID-19, Dont Ignore Exercise, Diet and a Healthy Lifestyle – Noozhawk

Last month marked the one-year anniversary of Gov. Gavin Newsoms first stay-at-home order to try to thwart the coronavirus as it took hold in California.

As I look back over the past year I realize that, while there has been a strong focus on mask wearing, social distancing and getting vaccinated, we have not received any information or health education on how to stay healthy and fit.

Perhaps this would be understandable at the beginning of the pandemic, since we did not know how lifestyle-based approaches would affect outcomes for this pathogen. However, now there is plenty of research to support the premise that exercise, real food and a healthy lifestyle are critically important in reducing our susceptibility.

Just last month, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention published a study that found almost 80 percent of those who died from COVID-19 were overweight or obese. And according to the latest statistics, 42 percent of the U.S. population is considered obese!

For decades, health-care professionals have cautioned people about the dangers of obesity. But those warnings have been largely ignored.

There could not be a better time than right now for public health to step up and educate the masses on what a healthy lifestyle looks like. COVID-19 is a much needed wakeup call for an overweight and out-of-shape America!

Everyone knows that exercise promotes good health. Countless studies have shown that people who work out are less likely than sedentary people to develop numerous health problems, including obesity, diabetes and hypertension, the most prevalent comorbiditiesassociated with COVID-19.

One of the greatest benefits of exercise is how it affects metabolism. Metabolism is the set of cellular mechanisms that generate energy from the food we eat and the oxygen we breathe in order to power every cell in the body, including the immune system. When these energy-producing pathways are running smoothly we have optimal metabolic health.

Beyond exercise, the Paleo diet has been shown to be effective in providing long-term weight loss, reductions in blood pressure and even reversal of type-2 diabetes.

The Paleo diet is primarily anti-inflammatory; it is naturally low in carbohydrates, high in omega-3s and low in omega-6s, which makes it very effective for reducing inflammation. This diet consists of a variety of nutrient dense foods such as grass-fed meats, wild seafood and shellfish, fruits and vegetables, and nuts and seeds.

Others may benefit from the low-carbohydrate ketogenic diet. With a keto diet, you drastically reduce your carbohydrate intake and replace it with healthy fats like coconut oil, olive oil, avocados, nuts, and the fats from fish, eggs and grass-fed meat.

Reducing your carbohydrates puts your body into ketosis, a metabolic state where your energy comes from ketone bodies instead of glucose.

The ketogenic diet is a natural way to recalibrate your bodys metabolism and dramatically improve its overall ability to function. In following the diet, your body will reward you by feeling and performing better, while dropping unnecessary body fat fast.

Time-restricted eating is another dietary approach that aims to help you lose weight and boost metabolic health. Time-restricted eating is a form of intermittent fasting in which you compress your food intake into a certain number of hours each day. People who practice time-restricted eating typically eat during an 8-12-hour window and fast the remaining 12-16 hours.

From an evolutionary perspective, time-restricted eating makes sense because early humans did not have access to food all day long as we do today in our modern world. Thus, eating without periods of fasting, which occurred naturally when food was scarce, may lead to disruption of the circadian rhythm and contribute to obesity and metabolic disease, over time.

Santa Barbara fitness professional Mikki Reilly is the owner of Fitness Transform and the author of Your Primal Body: The Paleo Way to Living, Lean, Fit and Healthy at Any Age. She can be contacted at [emailprotected]. The opinions expressed are her own.

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Mikki Reilly: In Fight Against COVID-19, Dont Ignore Exercise, Diet and a Healthy Lifestyle - Noozhawk

Apr 4

Eating well: If it seems too good to be true, it usually is – The Times Telegram

By Linda Robbins| Times Telegram

Health foods that are surprisingly worse for your teeth than candy

Common foods often thought to be healthy are actually worse for your teeth than eating candy.


In a society obsessed with getting thin fast, it is no surprise that fad diets have been around for over a century.

In fact, an Atkins-type diet (a high protein, low-carb regime) was introduced in 1860 in London by William Banting according to Food and Health Communications.

Unfortunately, fad diets are creating an opposite result. People are not getting thinner since obesity in this country have reached epidemic proportions.

Use your noodle: Pasta can be served an unlimited number of ways

Breakfast: Oatmeal has a lot going for it besides help reducing cholesterol

From cabbage soup to grapefruit to pork rinds, fad diets commonly promise that one type of food is the panacea for weight loss. But nutrition experts contend that we need to be aware, if it seems too good to be true, it usually is.

Although fad diets seem to work well in the short-term, they are a temporary fix that doesnt last long and can boomerang to a greater gain in the end. Fad diets usually over-emphasize one food or type of food. They violate the first principle of good nutrition, which is to eat a balanced diet that includes a variety of nutrient dense, low-calorie foods.

Trim down without the fad by following these easy-to-follow steps:

Here are some basic fad diet tell-tale signs:

Too Fast: Promise of fast and easy weight loss (more than 1 to 2-pounds per week).

Too Easy:No need to avoid fatty foods or exercise regularly.

Too Good to be True:Advertising claims based on photos of before and after results that include testimonials for clients and experts in science and nutrition since they are most likely paid to advertise the plan or product.

Too Much Money: Expensive propositions that require you to buy special food, pills or seminars.

Soforget about fad diets and start adopting a healthy lifestyle. Eat more whole foods that are high in fiber and low in fat like fruits, vegetables, legumes and whole grains. Go easy on or limit foods that are high in fat or refined carbohydrates. Plan your meals so you don't have to make last minute decisions when you are really hungry. And find a way to exercise almost every day.

LindaRobbins, CDN is assistant director and nutrition educator for CornellCooperstaiveExtension of Herkimer County.

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Eating well: If it seems too good to be true, it usually is - The Times Telegram

Apr 4

Ice cream and other ways to keep residents healthy post-pandemic – Guest columns – McKnight’s Long Term Care News – McKnight’s Long Term Care News

As nursing home residents and staff get vaccinated, its clear we still wont be returning to crowded dining halls and ice cream parties anytime soon. But milkshakes, sundaes, bananas, soft pretzels and other snacks will be more than fun treats; they may be lifesaving.

Being immobile and isolated for months isnt conducive to healthy nutrition. Particularly in long-term care settings, socializing is a big part of meals. Deprived of that, many residents may have been eating less. At the same time, fewer visits and busier staff mean that any weight loss and poor eating habits may not be recognized right away.

Add other factors such as oral health issues and medications that interfere with appetite, digestion and nutrition, and this patient population is at great risk for malnutrition.

For residents who have had COVID-19, there may be an additional challenge. According to a new study, these individuals may lose their sense of smell and taste for several months after they recover. This can keep them from eating or drinking enough.

Whatever the cause for malnutrition, these residents are more likely to have a weakened immune system (which increases the risk of infections), poor wound healing, a higher risk of hospitalization and an increased risk of frailty or even death.

Malnutrition also causes muscle weakness and decreased bone mass, which can lead residents to experience a harmful fall. In fact, in one study, malnourished patients were almost 8 times more likely to have an injurious fall than those their non-malnourished counterparts, regardless of age and/or body mass index. This is of particular concern as residents get more active with pandemic restrictions easing.

Like everything else weve done during the pandemic, we need a team approach to keep residents nourished and maintain healthy weights:

Assessing frailty is key to identifying those individuals who may be at greatest risk for weight loss, malnutrition and falls. As facilities open up, make sure these residents have access to nutritional supplements, assistive devices and physical therapy that can help keep them safe as life gets back to a semblance of normal.

March is National Nutrition Month, so this is the perfect opportunity to promote the importance of maintaining healthy weights and nutritional status. And dont forget the power of ice cream!

Steven Buslovich, M.D., is a New York-based geriatrician and co-founder/CEO of Patient Pattern, which develops software and other tech tools to bridge the gap between complex healthcare and technology.

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Ice cream and other ways to keep residents healthy post-pandemic - Guest columns - McKnight's Long Term Care News - McKnight's Long Term Care News

Apr 4

5 benefits of cherries for gout, sleep, nutrition, and more – Medical News Today

Cherries contain a number of beneficial nutrients, such as vitamin C and antioxidants. Some evidence suggests that they may also help lower inflammation, protect heart health, and improve sleep as part of a healthy diet.

The health benefits of cherries can depend on a number of factors, such as the cherry variety, how many a person consumes, and how often they consume them.

This article will look at the scientific evidence for the health benefits of cherries, their nutritional profile, and how people can get more cherries in their diet.

Inflammation is part of the bodys natural response to illness or injury. In the short term, it can be helpful. However, long-term inflammation is involved in many chronic conditions.

Although a diet that is generally high in fruits, vegetables, and fiber can help lower inflammation, cherries may be particularly beneficial as part of an anti-inflammatory diet.

According to a 2018 review, 11 out of 16 human studies into cherries and inflammation showed that they decreased inflammation. This applied to both tart and sweet varieties of cherry, and it included cherry fruits, juices, and concentrates.

The anti-inflammatory properties of cherries may also help with gout.

Gout causes sudden and severe joint pain. This is triggered by high levels of uric acid in the blood. One 2018 review stated that the consumption of cherries could help a person maintain moderate levels of uric acid in the body.

The review discussed a 2012 study that found that taking cherry concentrate or eating cherries led to a 35% reduction in gout episodes over a 2-day period. This effect remained the same regardless of sex, body weight, purine and alcohol intake, diuretic use, and anti-gout medication use.

The authors of the 2018 review stated that although more long-term studies are necessary, these findings are promising.

Learn more about the foods to eat and avoid for gout here.

In general, a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fat is best for heart health. However, cherries may be especially valuable in a heart-healthy diet, as they show potential for lowering blood pressure.

The 2018 review mentioned several studies in which various cherry products lowered blood pressure. One such older study in females with diabetes found that taking 40 grams (g) of tart cherry concentrate per day for 6 weeks significantly lowered blood pressure.

High blood pressure is a significant risk factor for cardiovascular disease. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death worldwide.

Cherries contain several nutrients that may help with blood pressure, including polyphenols and potassium.

Polyphenols are a type of antioxidant that can prevent oxidative damage. A large 2018 observational study suggested that increased polyphenol consumption could lower blood pressure.

One hundred grams of raw sweet cherries contains around 5% of a persons Daily Value of potassium, which is 4,700 milligrams (mg). An adequate intake of potassium is important for maintaining healthy blood pressure.

According to a 2013 study, cherries are a rich, natural source of melatonin, which is a neurotransmitter that influences sleep and mood. Melatonin can be useful for those who have insomnia, as it is the chemical that induces sleepiness.

Another 2013 study involved participants aged between 20 and 85 years. Among other outcomes, the researchers studied the effects on sleep of those who ate a cherry-based product and those who had a placebo.

Among the participants who consumed the cherry-based product, sleep and nocturnal rest significantly improved. Older participants experienced an even more marked improvement.

Regular exercise is an important part of a healthy lifestyle. However, it can result in sore muscles or, if a person exercises in a way that causes strain, injury.

A 2020 meta-analysis involved participants who consumed tart cherry concentrate as a powder or juice for 7 days until 1.5 hours before exercising.

The results revealed that tart cherry consumption improved a persons endurance during exercise. This was possibly due to its low glycemic index and anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidative, and blood flow-enhancing properties.

Scientists need to carry out more research to determine whether or not cherries can reduce recovery times and soreness after exercise.

In addition to having specific health benefits, cherries are also a source of many important nutrients.

The following table shows the quantities of some of the nutrients in sweet cherries, according to the United States Department of Agriculture:

The Dietary Guidelines for Americans 20202025 recommend that most healthy adults eat 1.52.5 cups of fruit per day, depending on their calorie intake needs.

There are many ways to get more cherries into the diet. Cherries are available in many forms, including:

To incorporate more cherries into a healthy diet, people can:

When purchasing cherry products or using cherries in recipes, people should try to avoid added sugars. Some cherry products contain high amounts of added sugars.

There is some evidence to suggest that regularly eating cherries or drinking cherry juice may benefit a persons heart health, boost sleep quality, and lower inflammation. People with specific conditions, such as high blood pressure or gout, may find them especially helpful.

However, as with all aspects of nutrition, there are no specific foods that can cure a condition. This is because many factors influence a persons health, including their overall diet, fitness level, mental health, and genes.

People will get the most benefits from cherries by eating them as part of a healthy diet and lifestyle.

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5 benefits of cherries for gout, sleep, nutrition, and more - Medical News Today

Apr 4

Ground glass opacity: Causes, symptoms, and treatments – Medical News Today

Ground glass opacity (GGO) refers to the hazy gray areas that can show up in CT scans or X-rays of the lungs. These gray areas indicate increased density inside the lungs.

The term comes from a technique in glassmaking during which the surface of the glass is blasted by sand. This technique gives the glass a hazy white or frosted appearance.

There are many potential causes of GGO, including infections, inflammation, and growths. One 2020 review also found that GGO was the most common anomaly among people with COVID-19-related pneumonia.

This article will look at what GGO is, some of its causes, and its treatment options.

GGO refers to gray areas that can show up in lung X-rays or CT scans.

Normally, the lungs appear black in X-ray and CT scans. This indicates that they are free of any visible blockages.

However, gray areas indicate increased density, meaning that something is partially filling the air spaces inside the lungs. This could be due to:

GGO can be due to many conditions. Sometimes, the cause is benign. Other times, it may be the temporary result of a short-term illness. However, it can also indicate a more serious or long-term condition.

There are several types of GGO. These include:

The shape, size, quantity, and location of opacities will vary depending on the cause. Some conditions cause only one type, but others may cause a mixture.

The sections below will look at some potential causes in more detail.

Infections are common causes of GGO. Such infections include:

Pneumonia is a serious infection in the lungs. It can result from viruses, bacteria, or fungi. Most often, it occurs as a result of a viral illness, such as influenza (flu), measles, or respiratory syncytial virus.

The symptoms can vary depending on the cause, but they typically include:

Most cases of viral pneumonia improve on their own. Fluids, rest, and oxygen therapy may help.

Doctors treat bacterial and fungal pneumonia with medications.

A 2020 review and meta-analysis found that just over 83% of people with COVID-19-related pneumonia had GGO.

Another 2020 study in 54 participants found that GGO most commonly showed up in the lower lobes of the lungs as round opacities, but that as the disease progressed, it became more patchy and affected all lobes.

The symptoms of COVID-19 can include any of the following:

If a person has symptoms that could indicate COVID-19, they should remain at home, self-isolate from others, and seek information from their local authority about getting tested.

Learn more about COVID-19 symptoms and what to do if they occur here.

Pneumonitis, or inflammation in the lungs, can occur if a person inhales:

Certain drugs can also cause pneumonitis and accompanying GGO. Typically, this type of pneumonitis occurs shortly after a person begins taking a new drug.

The symptoms of hypersensitivity pneumonitis can include:

Other names for this condition include farmers lung and hot tub lung.

In the short term, doctors treat this condition by trying to identify and remove the trigger of a persons symptoms. The person may also require medications and oxygen therapy.

In the long term, the condition may cause chronic fatigue, weight loss, and irreversible scarring.

E-cigarettes and vaping devices contain nicotine concentrates, solvents, and other chemicals. These products can cause EVALI.

EVALI may cause numerous types of GGO, including crazy paving and reversed halo sign, to show up on a scan.

Vaping can also cause alveolar hemorrhage. There is more detail on this condition below.

Interstitial lung disease is an umbrella term that includes many different conditions. They all cause inflammation and scarring around the alveoli, lining of the lungs, and blood vessels.

These conditions could be due to an autoimmune disease, a connective tissue disorder, or toxin exposure.

The progression of interstitial lung disease varies from person to person depending on what caused it.

Symptoms vary from mild to severe. They may include:

Treatment aims to slow the progression of the condition. Doctors may use supplemental oxygen, anti-inflammatory drugs, or immunosuppressant drugs.

Pulmonary edema is the result of fluid collecting in the air spaces of the lungs. It can be due to several conditions, including heart failure and altitude sickness.

Symptoms include:

People with these symptoms should seek medical attention immediately, as sudden pulmonary edema can be an emergency.

Alveolar hemorrhage occurs when the blood vessels in the lungs become damaged, leading to bleeding.

It is a medical emergency that can result from numerous conditions, including autoimmune diseases, vasculitis, and bleeding disorders.

The symptoms can vary widely and may include:

Doctors treat most cases of alveolar hemorrhage with steroids to reduce inflammation and immunosuppressants to stop the immune system from damaging the blood vessels further.

Sometimes, GGO nodules in the lung can indicate cancer.

Lung cancer may not have pronounced symptoms in the early stages of the condition. However, a person should speak with their doctor if they experience:

Treatment varies according to the severity and type of cancer a person has. It may include chemotherapy, surgery, and radiation therapy.

After a doctor finds GGO in a CT scan or X-ray, they will take note of the size, shape, location, and distribution of the opacities to determine the likely cause.

They may also order more tests, such as:

They may also order electrocardiography and echocardiography to see if a persons lung problems could be the result of a heart condition.

Receiving test results can be worrying. Here are some questions that a person may wish to ask their doctor:

GGO can show up on an X-ray or CT scan of the lungs. It appears as hazy gray areas that can indicate a range of conditions.

Some causes of GGO may be benign and resolve on their own, while others may be chronic.

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