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May 5

DIETS DON’T WORK 3RD ED Paperback – amazon.com

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DIETS DON’T WORK 3RD ED Paperback – amazon.com


Jan 2

Diets That Work for Women Over 50 – Leanrunnerbean.com

Women over 50 often find it difficult to lose weight due in part to hormonal/metabolic changes, decreases lean muscle mass and other age-related factors. Its not just a hopeless downward-spiral, though. With a few dietary and lifestyle changes, you can recapture your youth, boost your energy and vitality keep your mind & body in tip-top shape for the rest of your life.

Better yet, you can get started right now. Its called the 7-day jumpstart. Its a proven 7-day program to give you outrageous results in the shortest time possible. Follow it and you will instantly melt fat, boost your metabolism and look and feel more youthful and energetic. Unlike many other programs which leave you grumpy and hungry or require you to resort to powdery shakes, pills and expensive equipment. This is radically different!

NO counting calories, carbs and fat grams. NO impossible exercises. NO crazy foods or starvation. Just results you can see and feel in a matter of days.

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Diets That Work for Women Over 50 – Leanrunnerbean.com


Dec 8

No Diet Is Suitable for Everyone – YouTube

Debunking some common diets, and seeing which work!More Food and Health Science videos! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ztiHR…Subscribe for more! http://bit.ly/asap

Eating Disorder Information: http://www.nedic.ca/

Created by: Mitchell Moffit and Gregory BrownWritten by: Annik Carson, Rachel Salt, Greg Brown and Mitchell MoffitIllustrated: by: Max SimmonsEdited by: Sel Ghebrehiwot

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Further Reading —

Weight Loss Overview Studieshttp://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/66/…http://www.jstor.org/stable/25457080?…Low Carbhttp://annals.org/aim/article/717452/…http://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/…https://login.medscape.com/login/sso/…http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/83/…http://content.onlinejacc.org/article…High Proteinhttp://www.pnas.org/content/110/26/10…https://www.researchgate.net/profile/…Metabolic Slowinghttps://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2…Biggest Loserhttp://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/02/hea…White Tonguehttp://www.mayoclinic.org/symptoms/wh…

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No Diet Is Suitable for Everyone – YouTube


Dec 8

Why do Low Carb Diets Work? Heres 6 Scientific Reasons!

Remember when the Atkins Diet was such a big deal in the 90s?

Even though Atkins was widely regarded as a fad, there are still numerous people around the world who swear by it.

The creator of Atkins alleges you can lose up to 15 pounds in the first two weeks alone – a startling claim considering that on average you cant lose more than one to two pounds per week safely on a diet.

Heres the thing, though. Even though the media may think Atkins was a fad, scientific studies show it really does work, as do similar low-carb diets.

Losing 15 pounds in two weeks isnt typical, but it is possible.

And even if you dont, odds are if you do a low-carb diet like Atkins properly, you will lose weight steadily and successfully.

In fact studies suggest low carb diets lose more weight and more fat mass than low fat diets (1)

But How Does It Work?

Since youve found your way to this page, its evident that you dont want to just hear that you can lose weight using a low carb diet. You want to know the science behind how it works.

That is a very smart attitude to take, because there are a lot of diets which are proven to help you lose weight, but not necessarily over the long term, and not necessarily in a healthy way.

You want to be sure that a low-carb diet is a safe, healthy approach before you dive in.

The truth is, there may not be just one mechanism that explains how low-carb diets work.

Scientists are still studying them, and they seem to offer a number of weight loss and overall health benefits (2).

These benefits all combine to help you achieve the weight loss success you are looking for.

Lets take a look at them now.

Test your knowledge now or come back after reading this article to check your learning:

Why Low Carb Works Infographic

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Low Dietary Carb Intake Reduces Insulin Levels

First, lets talk for a moment briefly about fat.

Fat is your bodys way of storing energy for long-term supply.

Your fat stores are a kind of emergency reserve fuel.

Your body does not store them for everyday use – you break into them when your food supplies are low (usually).

But you also break into them when you reduce your carbohydrate intake, even if you are otherwise eating plenty of food.

To explain why, we need to look at insulin (hormone) and blood sugar.

While insulin controls the serum nutrients circulating throughout our body, its principal action is on glucose (blood sugar).

Insulin has the job of telling your body to pull glucose out of your blood and burn it for energy.

The more carbohydrates you eat, the higher your blood glucose levels are going to be, and the more insulin is secreted to pull out this glucose.

Your blood glucose is your first source of energy to burn, before your fat.

That means when you are burning blood glucose for energy instead of fat, your fat stores remain untouched.

Your body always turns to those blood glucose stores first and falls back on your fat as a backup plan.

If you always provide your body with plenty of blood glucose in the form of dietary carbohydrates, you are simply never going to reach that point where you need to turn to your fat.

The backup plan remains simply that: a backup plan.

In this process, insulin inhibits fat burning (lipolysis) (3).

When you reduce your carbohydrate intake, two things happen:

Here is a graph of a comparison study on low carb diets for insulin levels over a 24 hour period (40):

But wait, it doesnt stop here.

Insulin also activates the production of fat (lipogenesis) of which a proportion will be stored (4)

So reducing insulin also reduces fat production and storage.

Multiple studies have demonstrated how low carb diets significantly reduce serum insulin levels (5, 6, 7, 8, 9).

KEY POINT: Reducing dietary carbohydrates directly reduces blood levels of insulin. Low insulin levels allow fat burning and high levels encourage fat production.

Most low-carb diets also tend to be high in protein.

This is something of a coincidence since there is nothing about carbohydrate intake which directly inhibits protein intake.

But when you eat less of one type of macronutrient (carbohydrate, protein, and fat), you have to replace it with another.

Most high-carb foods happen to be high in sugars and grains also happen to be low in protein.

It is common to replace carbohydrate-rich foods with protein-rich foods like eggs and meat. This boosts your overall protein intake.

As it turns out, in the majority of studies comparing the weight loss achieved from low carb vs low fat diets, the low carb diets have been protein rich.

Protein helps you lose weight through several mechanisms (10):

For one, satiety goes up and appetite goes down (11, 12).

Since you feel fuller and satisfied, you are less likely to overindulge. More on that shortly.

For another, your metabolism receives an overall boost, helping you burn more calories throughout the day (13, 14, 41)

Eating protein helps maintain muscle mass which supports our metabolism and calorie burning not only while we are working out, but also while we are resting.

Finally, if you work out with adequate protein intake, you can build muscle.

Increasing your muscle mass to fat ratio can increase your resting metabolism (15).

Keep in mind that this benefit is for those who incorporate resistance/strength training into their lives (16).

You cannot expect to build muscle mass without effort, simply by eating protein – you have to challenge your body physically .

If you do, you can look forward to burning more calories around the clock.

KEY POINT: Low carb diets tend to be high in protein. Protein has the benefit of increasing metabolism, increase satiety, reduce appetite and maintain muscle mass.

A Low Carb Diet Helps You Lose Water Weight

Coming back to that claim that you can burn 15 pounds in your first two weeks on phase 1 of the Atkins diet, how does that work?

Well, whether it works or not probably depends on how much water weight you have retained in your body.

If you have a good deal of water weight, you will probably notice a huge improvement in the first couple weeks, because a low-carb diet helps you shed that water weight rapidly

If you dont have much water weight, you will not notice such a huge change in the beginning, but that means you were just ahead of the curve to begin with.

There are two reasons that you lose water weight when you stop eating so many carbs.

When your insulin levels drop, your kidneys start excreting sodium (17).

This helps you shed your excess water weight, and also has the bonus of lowering your blood pressure (18).

The other reason is that glycogen binds water in your liver and muscles.

Carbohydrates are stored as glycogen (19).

Fewer carbohydrates in your body equate to less glycogen.

That means your body stops binding water in your muscles and liver and is free to release that water.

Even if you drop calories dramatically on a high-carb diet, this effect is not nearly as pronounced.

Dont worry; you dont need that water weight for anything. It literally is nothing more than excess weight.

A side benefit is that typically low carb dieters experience less bloating.

You may have heard people say, The low-carb diet does not actually work; it only drops your water weight, not your fat.

This is a misperception.

Low-carb does reduce your water weight, but it also helps you burn fat for reasons you are now starting to understand.

Read on to find out more.

KEY POINT: The rapid weight loss experienced in the first 2 weeks of low carb is explained by reduced insulin and glycogen which in turn causes the body to shed water.

One study (20) conducted on participants across a 4-week period on a series of different diets (low fat, low glycemic index, and low carbohydrate) found that a low-carb diet boosted energy expenditure at a rate of approximately 250 calories per day in comparison to other types of diets.

KEY POINT: If you have tried to lose weight by exercising, you know that burning an extra 250 carbs a day is quite a challenge, and can take up to an hour of moderate intensity exercise. Low carb can burn those calories without the exercise.

Low Carb Makes You Feel Full and Satisfied, so You Are Less Likely to Overeat

There are a lot of reasons why people overeat, but one of them is feeling hungry even though you have had plenty of food.

Some types of food are more satiating than others.

Protein is one such food (20, 21) and may have a direct effect on weight loss (22, 23).

Many people overeat because they are not getting enough protein in their diets.

Even though they are eating plenty of calories, they still feel a need to eat more.

This forces them to take in additional calories which they have no hope of burning.

The result? They put on weight.

If you have ever tried a low-fat diet, you have probably noticed the focus is on calorie restriction.

But you have to get energy from somewhere.

That is why a low-fat diet can become uncomfortable and even dangerous past a certain level.

With low-carb, you do not focus on restricting calories, and you get plenty of energy.

You get full at an appropriate time because you are eating protein-rich foods.

These foods help you feel satiated when you have eaten the right amount of calories.

Ketosis also has an impact (24). When you are on a ketogenic diet, you may only feel hungry for 1-2 meals per day.

Research also shows that low carb diets may regulate ghrelin and leptin (25, 26). These two hormones regulate your appetite.

This not only makes a low-carb diet a healthy, natural alternative to a low-fat diet but also helps you break bad habits and gauge correctly when you are really full.

It also makes a low-carb diet easier to stick with than a low-fat diet.

In fact, many research studies which compare low-carb and low fat dieters take this into account.

Read the original here:
Why do Low Carb Diets Work? Heres 6 Scientific Reasons!


Nov 29

Best Diets 2016: 10 Weight Loss Programs That Work

Challenging, tough, hard, impossible these are words that can be used to describe dieting. While some diet plans are verysimple, others have complex rulesregarding what you can and cant eat. When going on a diet, it’simportant to follow therules as best you can for the most promising results. From fasting to vegan diets,here are 10options you can choose to conquer the challenge of healthy eating.

Adding apple cider vinegar (ACV) to a glass of water can help suppress your hunger during a diet. Research has shown that drinkingACV is related to a lower body weight and body mass index (BMI) and obese adults consuming two tablespoons of vinegar per day via a drink lost two to four pounds over the course of 12 weeks.

Rebecca Lee, a registered nurse in New York and founder of the natural health resource, RemediesForMe.com, recommends starting with 1 teaspoon of ACV in 8 to 10 ounces of water and slowly working your way up to 2 teaspoons. Lee warns those who are considering the ACV diet to not drink more than 2 to 4 tablespoons of ACV per day.

No, you wont be dealing with protein deficiency if you suddenly switch to a vegetarian diet. There are plenty of alternatives such as tofu, beans, lentils and nuts. Tofu can be substituted for the same amount of meat, poultry or fish in almost any recipe, Cynthia Sass. RD,a vegan and spokesperson for the American Dietetic Association, told Vegetarian Times.

Sticking to a vegetarian diet can improve the health of your heart, help you lose weight and helps support animal rights. Individuals who choose plant-based diets often experience a decrease in blood cholesterol levels, which, according to studies, could drop by up to 35 percent, Medical Daily previously reported.

Standing for dietary approaches to stop hypertension, the DASH diet was originally created to help people lower their blood pressure by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute (NHLBI). Rather than following any specific rules or restrictions, the DASH diet recommends eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, including some low-fat dairy products, animal proteins, legumes, beans, and vegetable oil. Dieters are recommended they limit foods high in saturated fat, as well as sugar-sweetened drinks and candies all standard rules for healthy eating, Medical Daily previously reported.

In 2016, the DASH Diet was declared the best overall diet for the 6th straight year by the U.S. News & World Report. Additionally, this diet was recognized in the categories for Easiest Diets to Follow; Best Diet for Healthy Eating; and Best Heart-Healthy Diets.

Consisting of mainly fish, fruits and vegetables, portions of whole grains and small amounts of meat, the Mediterranean diet is healthy for your heart, and scientists believe it may protect against mental aging. A recent study consisting of 15,000 people diagnosed with heart disease showed those who maintained a Mediterranean diet hada decreased risk for heart attack and stroke.

The researchers gave the participants, who lived in 39 different countries, questionnaires about their diet and gave them points based on their answers in either the Mediterranean diet or Western Diet category. Over nearly four years, 1,588 (about 10 percent) of the study participants suffered either a heart attack or stroke, or died. Those who ate more foods in the Mediterranean diet category were 3.5 times less likely to experience one of these three events than people whose diets more closely resembled the Western standard, Medical Daily previously reported.

One of the top countries for the longest life expectancy is Japan, but why? It may relate to how much they adhere to the Japanese food guide. The guide recommends that every day people should consume 5 to 7 servings of grain dishes, 5 to 6 servings of vegetable dishes, 3 to 5 servings of fish and meat dishes, 2 servings of fruits and 2 servings of milk as well as some form of physical activity and water and tea, Medical Daily previously reported.

A recent study seeking to discover how the Japanese diet relates to longevity has found that balanced meals consisting of grains, vegetables, fruits, fish and meat contributed to a decrease in the risk of death and cardiovascular disease, Medical Daily previously reported. The study consisted of 36,624 men and 42,920 women between the ages of 45 and 75 over the course of 15 years. Participants who followed the Japanese food guide more closely had a 15 percent lower mortality rate over the 15 year period. The researchers determined the reduction in cardiovascular disease helped reduce the mortality risk.

A vegan diet consists of cutting all animal products out of your diet. It should be noted that vegan diets are not right for everyone; cutting meat out of your life can brings several health risks such as not getting enough protein, B12, calcium, vitamin D, iron and zinc among others. Researching alternative sources of nutrients and taking multivitamins are a good way of counteracting these deficiencies. Similar to the vegetarian diet, a vegan diet can also help you improve your hearth health and lose weight, Medical Daily previously reported.

Kendrick Farris, a competitor at the 2016 Rio Olympics in mens weightlifting, switched to a vegan diet in 2014. He consumes a combination of black beans, avocado and vanilla, chocolate flavored plant-based protein shakes, soy foods, seeds, tofu, lentils, quinoa and nuts.

Normally, those who suffer from celiac disease are the only ones who go on a gluten-free diet because they have to. However there are some benefits for those who are not sensitive to gluten or have celiac disease. “Yes, it’s a popular diet of the moment, but it really does seem to provide some improvement in gastrointestinal problems for a segment of the population,” celiac disease expert Dr. Daniel Leffler, an assistant professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, told Harvard Health Publications. “It takes a long time to learn how to live gluten-free. You’ll have to become a gluten detective, scouring food labels and looking for hidden gluten.

This diet has been debated about whether going gluten-free is healthy or can cause unintentional health problems for those who arent required to go on a gluten-free diet, Medical Daily previously reported. Because of this, you should consult a medical professional before starting.

In a recent study, 220 men and women were divided into two groups. One group was told to cut 25 percent of their daily calories over the course of two years, while the second group could cut as many calories as they desired each day. The results showed the group who cut 25 percent of their daily calories lost an average of nearly 17 pounds and the other group lost less than a pound, Medical Daily previously reported. Participants were a normal, healthy weight at the conclusion of the study.

“Calorie restriction among primarily overweight and obese persons has been found to improve quality of life, sleep, and sexual function, the researchers wrote. The results of the present study indicate that two years of calorie restriction is unlikely to negatively affect healthy adults. Rather, calorie restriction is likely to provide some improvement.”

Celebrity and nutrition expert JJ Virgin has created a diet claiming users will lose weight in as quicklyas a week by cutting our seven foods. She formulated the plan after seeing her own patients losing weight by dropping certain foods from their diets. The key of this diet is the avoidance of food intolerances known to stress peoples bodies. Every day, you cut out a new food until you reach day seven via three cycles: elimination, reintroduction and sustaining.

Day by day you cut out gluten, soy, dairy, eggs, corns, peanuts, and sugar and artificial sweeteners. Following this, dieters are told to gradually add them back into their diet with the end goal to be finding a long-term balance to keep your body healthy and energized. Taking away each of these one at a time helps people lose weight, Medical Daily previously reported.

Similar to the Virgin Diet, the Atkins Induction Diet consists of several phases, gradually increasing the amount of carbohydrates the dieter can consume during the four phases. During the first phase (induction) people musteatless than 20 grams of carbohydrates a day for two weeks and are encouraged to eat high-protein,high-fat foods that are alsolow on carbohydrates. Ideally stay in this phase until you are 15 pounds from your weight goal because the longer you are in this stage, the more fat you burn.

In phase two (balancing) increase your carbohydrates to 25 grams per day and reintroduce nuts and seeds to your diet. Gradually increase this to 30 grams per day while reintroducing dairy products. Phase three (fine-tuning) occurs when you are close to your weight goal. Simply add more carbohydrates to your diet until the weight loss slows down. Finally, in phase four (maintenance) you are allows to eat as much carbohydrates as you want while keeping your weight goal, Medical Daily previously reported.

Read More:Weight Loss Health Benefits: Drinking Water Instead Of Diet Beverages May Help Diabetes Patients

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Best Diets 2016: 10 Weight Loss Programs That Work


Oct 14

Detox Diets: Do They Work? Are They Healthy?

The Promise

They’re popular, but they aren’t proven to do what they say they’ll do: flush toxins out of your system. In fact, they may be risky and even backfire.

Still thinking about it? You should know this first.

That depends on the particular detox diet you’re following. There are many of them. Some involve fasting, or just drinking liquids. Others allow some foods, like fruits and vegetables. They typically are short diets — they’re not a way of eating you can stick with in the long run.

You’ll be hungry and may feel weak. Whether or not a detox diet is safe depends on the plan and how long you stay on it.

Most people dont feel good on low-calorie, nutrient-poor diets. Potential side effects include low energy, low blood sugar, muscle aches, fatigue, feeling dizzy or lightheaded, and nausea.

If the idea of detoxing appeals, you might try “clean” eating that focuses on vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean protein — basically, whole foods without a lot of processing. That’s good for you and more likely to give you results that last, especially if you make exercise a habit.

Limitations: You’re going to go without a lot of the foods you usually eat. Detox diets are typically very rigid and involve eating the same few things over and over.

Cooking and shopping: Depends on the detox plan you’re following. Because there’s not a lot you’re allowed to eat, you won’t have a long shopping list and prep work should be minimal.

Packaged foods or meals: Some detox plans recommend herbs, pills, powders, enemas, and other forms of colon cleansing. Methods vary and often include products that are only available from the authors web site.

In-person meetings? No.

Exercise : Not required, and you may not have the energy for it, because you’re not getting that many calories.

Costs: Besides your grocery shopping, a detox diet may also call for some supplements and other products, which vary in cost.

Support: None, except for resources you may find online.

Does It Work?

If your goal is weight loss, a detox diet might help you drop a few pounds, but youll likely just gain it back. In the end, you havent accomplished anything, and its certainly not a healthy approach.

If your goal is to detox your system, dont waste your time or money. Your body is an expert at getting rid of toxins no matter what you eat. Toxins dont build up in your liver, kidneys, or any other part of your body, and youre not going to get rid of them with the latest detox wonder. Especially avoid diets that promise to detox your liver with supplements or cleanse whatever the diet determines needs washing out.

The only type of detox diet that is worthwhile is one that limits processed, high-fat, and sugary foods, and replaces them with more whole foods likefruits and vegetables. That clean-eating approach is your best bet to getting your body in tip-top shape.

Is It Good for Certain Conditions?

Not only are detox diets not good for people with certain medical conditions, they could be harmful. There is no research showing they improve blood pressure or cholesterol or have a positive effect on the heart. For people with diabetes, they may be quite dangerous. Any diet that severely restricts what you eat could lead to dangerously low blood sugar if you take medicine for diabetes.

The exception would be a detox diet that just focuses on clean-eating. This approach would be great for anyone living with high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, and even heart disease.

The Final Word

Weve heard a great deal about detox diets in recent years. But its all hype with no health benefits. There are many ways to get your body clean and healthy. This isnt one of them.

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Detox Diets: Do They Work? Are They Healthy?


Oct 14

Fad Diets: Why They Don’t Work & What To Do Instead

If you’ve followed a fad diet, you have plenty of company. But have you been able to stay on these deprivation diets for a long time? And if you did lose weight, did the pounds stay off once you went back to your usual way of eating?

Fad diets don’t help you keep off the weight in the long term. So what does work? The best diet is not a diet at all, but a way of life that includes food you enjoy, exercise, and healthy habits.

Here’s some simple, straightforward advice.

Just as a car needs the proper gasoline to make it run, a body needs a healthy diet to develop properly. That means the right balance of protein, carbohydrates, and fat — as well as a host of other nutrients.

When you go on a fad diet and exclude necessary nutrients, you’re putting yourself at risk for becoming ill. Getting too little of any nutrient may not cause an immediate problem. But if it’s lacking for a long time, you may find you have health problems.

Food servings have grown larger and larger over the years. And fast-food restaurants aren’t the only places you’ll find supersized meals. Researchers have noted that from 1970 through the 1990s, portion sizes of hamburgers, burritos, tacos, french fries, sodas, ice cream, pie, cookies, and salty snacks increased — whether the foods were eaten at home or at restaurants.

What does a healthy serving size look like?

Here are some simple tricks to scale back your portions (and calories):

If you need more information on weight loss and dieting, talk to your health care provider or a registered dietitian. Ask your doctor about your “ideal” weight and the number of calories you must eat to lose pounds and maintain an ideal weight.

Also, ask friends, family, or co-workers to join you as you work to change your eating habits and pare down your weight. Sticking to a weight loss plan is much easier when you have someone to support you.

SOURCES:

Nielsen, S. Journal of the American Medical Association, Jan. 22-29, 2003.

Young, L. American Journal of Public Health, February 2002.

Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics: “Eat Right Nutrition Tips.”

CDC: “Physical Activity for Everyone.”

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Fad Diets: Why They Don’t Work & What To Do Instead


Sep 8

A Memoir of Dieting in the Age of Total Body Vigilance – New York Times

Photo Credit Lydia Ortiz

BEAUTIFUL BODIES A Memoir By Kimberly Rae Miller 222 pp. Little A. $24.95.

On the very first page of her memoir Beautiful Bodies, Kimberly Rae Miller stacks the book with a lot of questions that dont have easy answers: What is the ideal human body? Why dont we all have it? Why do we come in different shapes and sizes, and when and why did we start hating ourselves for it?

Shes taking aim not just at the countless Americans who are attempting weight loss at any given moment, but at our culture that takes the body as an all-consuming improvement project with no end in sight.

For Miller, whose previous memoir, Coming Clean, was about growing up with hoarders, dieting started in childhood and has stuck around into her 30s as her only real hobby. She was a suburban Long Island kid who wanted to be exceptional, to be visible, but for her body to be nothing of note. She attempts to be a child model, loves the brief notoriety she gets as the first girl in her fifth grade class to get her period, spends two weeks skipping breakfast and aerobicizing at fat camp and ends up gaining an eighth of a pound.

And then there are the failed diets she reels off: eating nothing but meat, nothing but raw vegetables, nothing but fruit, nothing but juice. I loved the rigidity and lack of choice, she writes in her chatty way. Deprivation was awful but amazing.

By adulthood, Miller teaches indoor cycling classes, occasionally goes on acting auditions and maintains a blog about health and fitness. She still sees her body and her weight as her primary asset. I could maintain a size 8, but it took herculean effort, near starvation and a religious gym routine.

Which she tries when she starts dating Roy, an Israeli personal trainer she meets online. Then she finds an email he had written to a friend that called her lovely but chunky: She does have a big butt and a belly, which do bother me. To her face he says shes in possession of one of the most obstinate bodies Ive ever dealt with in my career. Instead of reacting with anger, she thinks its what she deserves. He advises her she could eat as little as 800 calories per day and helps her train. She shows up to a friends wedding in a size-6 dress thats too big and weighing the same as she did when she was 11. We are to believe their true test of love comes when she gains the weight back but he proposes anyway.

Despite the fact that Millers weight yo-yos frequently by dozens of pounds, her body size is always, by societal standards, neither very thin nor very fat. She keeps a photograph in her wallet of her at her fattest, 188 pounds, around the time she graduated from high school. She means it to be proof of my failure, my rock bottom. Describing the photo is where her writing is most vivid, her shame most palpable: My wet tank top clung to my body, accentuating my bloated breasts and stomach. My stomach formed a perfect 8, round everywhere except where my too-tight pants pulled my stomach in; my face, a perfect circle. She recounts publishing it online only to be mocked for her appearance: some echoing her own criticisms but others complaining shes not big enough to really be considered fat.

It is just another way to fail at measuring up. In this era of total body vigilance, there is no middle ground where one is neither too fat nor shockingly thin. Thats the story she should have pursued connecting her own lifetime of ambivalence and restriction around food and her body to a larger narrative. She does add in brief historical interludes about dieting the Rev. Sylvester Graham and John Harvey Kelloggs bland vegetarian plans, Inuits eating a lot of animal fat, and William the Conquerors alcohol-heavy regimen but they are about as long and detailed as the average Wikipedia entry. Over all, what we get is a book that reads at times like a mildly funny therapy session or a familiar memoir about the redemptive power of love.

Miller never comes close to answering any of the questions about ideal bodies she poses in the beginning of the book, but here are a few more: How does a person know when to stop? Or at least stop trying?

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A Memoir of Dieting in the Age of Total Body Vigilance – New York Times


Sep 8

Pearls From: Steven Nissen, MD – MedPage Today

Statins face the same problem as climate change when it comes to public opinion, and should be defended the same way: “We have to fight back with good facts and good science.” That’s the argument of Steven Nissen, MD, chair of cardiovascular medicine at the Cleveland Clinic, in this exclusive MedPage Today video.

The following is a transcript of his remarks:

Statins have been around for a long time. They are extraordinarily effective, but [an] internet cult has developed that widely promotes the adverse effects of statins. In many ways, this whole statin denial phenomenon is a little bit like climate denial — you can’t give facts to people who feel so passionately. There are groups of people that will argue that cholesterol has nothing to do with heart disease, that statins are bad for you, [but] they don’t really cite any data. The internet is just full of these articles suggesting that there are really serious adverse effects for statins and that people shouldn’t take the drugs. And unfortunately, it’s now really harming the public.

Statins are the cornerstone of cholesterol-lowering therapies. In fact, they’re the only class of drugs that has the FDA-approved indication for morbidity and mortality reduction. Now, we’ve had recent data that suggest the PCSK9 inhibitors will also get such a label, but that is yet to come. But the important message here is that we probably have more studies of statins than any other therapy in history and we know that they’re fundamentally safe, that they’re very well-tolerated, but we face this pushback.

The people who are pushing back, the sort of dietary supplement industry, they are not held to any scrutiny because of a law passed in 1994 called DSHEA that allows many claims to be made for dietary supplements that are not based in good scientific studies, they are not regulated by the Food and Drug Administration. So, you see out there all this advocacy for a whole variety of dietary supplements to modify cholesterol or to improve, you know, outcomes related to cholesterol, and almost none of it has any scientific basis at all. You combine that with the kind of natural inclination of patients to take “natural products” and you end up with a problem of people who really need the cholesterol lowering provided by statins not actually getting the drugs.

My advice to fellow physicians is to give patients the facts … some of the rigorous trials showing benefits of statins. I think we need to push back much more aggressively against the dietary supplement industry, which is promoting snake oil as an alternative to the statins, and to really dig in and educate people. I think we have to talk to the media, the mass media, about this to try to counter this cult.

I think the other thing we have to fight back against are all the wacky diets that are now being promoted that are going to erase heart disease. They’re going to reverse heart disease with any one of a variety of cult diets. If you say to patients, “You don’t have to take a medication, just follow my diet and your heart disease will go away,” people get seduced by that. We have to tell our patients that there isn’t any scientific basis. There is no diet that’s been shown to reverse heart disease. There is no dietary supplement that’s been shown to reverse heart disease, and yet most people in the public are taking these supplements. They believe that they work. We have to fight back with good facts and good science.

2017-09-05T12:00:00-0400

See more here:
Pearls From: Steven Nissen, MD – MedPage Today


Sep 7

PETA Wants Vegans to Donate Their Poop to Improve Life-Saving Medical Treatment – Newsweek

Most vegans are happy to list the reasons why a plant-based diet is superior. Going strictly animal-free can reduce ones carbon footprint, cut risk for cancer and chronic diseases, prevent animal cruelty and provide an excuse to make a really great dessert.

But one thing thats probably not on your average vegans list is that this restrictive diet improves the quality of ones poopat least according to the People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA). This week, the animal rights organization issued a call for more healthy vegans to consider becoming stool super donors (i.e., providing specimens on a regular basis) in order to serve the growing demand since fecal microbiotoa transplant is now considered the gold-standard for treating recurrent clostridium difficile (c.difficile) infections and other potentially life-threatening gastrointestinal illnesses. In this experimental medical procedure, stool from a healthy person is transplanted to the gut of an ailing patient either in encapsulated pill form or through colonoscopy.

A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine found 81 percent of patients with c.difficile who underwent transplantation made a full recovery from their illness. Research since has shown the cure rate after follow-up transplants may be evenhigher, as much as 90 percent.

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The problem, however, is that good poop is actually pretty hard to find, and stool banks such as OpenBiome and Advancing Bio are quite possibly even more choosy than your average blood bank. PETA suggests that relying on fruits and vegetables as a main source of sustenance leads to a more diverse micriobiome, the complex ecosystem of bacteria freeloading inside your gut and nearly every part of your body. Manyor if one is lucky, mostare beneficial to health. Some of these microbes are even necessary for normal human function.

More and more research suggests that people with greater microbiome diversity tend to be healthier. Scientists have identified a link between certain gut bacteria profiles and just about every chronic medical condition, from ulcerative colitis and autism to common allergies, depression and certain cancers. More research needs to be conducted, which is another reasonwhy people withhealthy microbiomes are in high demand.

Vegan kitchens save 100 animals a year, and now, vegan bathrooms can be used to save some of our fellow human beings, PETA President Ingrid Newkirk said in a press statement. PETA is betting the farm that after meat-eaters experience the health and mood benefits of vegan stool, theyll go vegan themselves.

Fecal transplantation isnt yet approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration. However, because it has been shown to be so effective for c.difficile, the FDA allows physicians to use it under their enforcement discretion guidelines for patients with c.difficile infections who do not respond to standard therapies. This essentially means the FDA wont go after a doctor who performs a fecal transplant once they have their patients consent. Last year, the FDA moved to tighten regulations by limiting the procedure only to large hospitals.

Zain Kassam, chief medical officer of OpenBiome, is a little skeptical of PETA’s recommendation. Diet certainly has something to do with the quality of ones stool, but its not the primary deciding factor when he’s deterimining if their poop warrants super donor status. Whether you’re a 34-year old vegan lawyer who loves lentils or a 22-year old college student who craves a good hamburgerOpenBiome welcomes all healthy donors in the fight against C. difficile, he tells Newsweek.

OpenBiome, sometimes called the Red Cross of poop, recruits and screens stool donors, and then it filters and freezes the raw material for clinicians to use. A large list of factors go into deciding who is qualified to be a super donor, and Kassam says the research is ongoing to gain more insight on the medicinal magic of human waste. For the treatment of C. difficile, our studies and others suggest that all healthy donors are super donors, he says. For other diseases, such as ulcerative colitis, a type of inflammatory bowel disease, preliminary research suggests there may be certain donors that seem to work best. But, the jury is still out on what makes one donor work and another not.

In 2015, he conducted a study that proved just how hard it is to find suitable donors. Out of a pool of 459 people, only 27 actually passed clinical assessments and were permitted to submit stool samples for more extensive analysis. A study Kassam conducted the following year examined the diets of OpenBiome donors and compared it to the average diet of almost 5,000 Americans. The people at PETA will probably be disappointed to learn their findings: Beyond a small increase in fiber, the diet of OpenBiome stool donors is largely the same as the average American.”

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PETA Wants Vegans to Donate Their Poop to Improve Life-Saving Medical Treatment – Newsweek



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